Safe and Sound

First Southern National Bank

Lancaster, KY
4
Star Rating
First Southern National Bank is an FDIC-insured bank founded in 1865 and currently headquartered in Lancaster, KY. Regulatory filings show the bank having equity of $89.0 million on $848.9 million in assets, as of December 31, 2017.

With 212 full-time employees in 18 offices in KY, the bank holds loans and leases worth $579.4 million, including real estate loans of $505.5 million. U.S. bank customers currently have $750.7 million in deposits with the bank.

Overall, Bankrate believes that, as of December 31, 2017, First Southern National Bank exhibited a good condition, earning 4 out of 5 stars for safety and soundness. Here's a look at how the bank fared on the three major criteria Bankrate used to evaluate American banks.

WHAT IS
SAFE AND SOUND?

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THE INSTITUTION'S SCORE

Capital Score

Capital works as a buffer against losses and as protection for account holders when a bank is struggling financially. It follows then that a bank's level of capital is an important measurement of a bank's financial fortitude. When it comes to safety and soundness, the higher the capital, the better.

First Southern National Bank received a score of 8 out of a possible 30 points on our test to measure the adequacy of a bank's capital, failing to reach the national average of 13.13.

One way to measure this buffer is looking at a bank's Tier 1 capital ratio. First Southern National Bank's Tier 1 capital ratio was 13.50 percent, higher than the 6 percent level regulators consider adequate, but lower than the national average of 25.65 percent. The higher the capital ratio, the better the bank will be able to weather financial downturns.

Overall, First Southern National Bank held equity amounting to 10.48 percent of its assets, which was lower than the national average of 12.03 percent.

Asset Quality Score

Bankrate uses this test to determine the impact of troubled assets, such as unpaid mortgages, on the bank's reserves set aside to cover loan losses, as well as overall capitalization.

Having large numbers of these kinds of assets suggests a bank may have to use capital to absorb losses, cutting down on its buffer of equity. Many of those assets are also likely to be in non-accrual status and thus aren't earning money, resulting in diminished earnings and potentially more risk of a future failure.

First Southern National Bank scored above the national average of 37.49 on Bankrate's asset quality test, racking up 40 out of a possible 40 points .

A helpful indicator of asset quality is the percentage of problem assets a bank holds compared to its total assets. As of December 31, 2017, 0.47 percent of First Southern National Bank's loans were noncurrent, meaning they were more than 90 days past due or were in non-accrual status. That's below the national average of 1.01 percent.

Banks maintain a reserve known as an "allowance for loan and lease losses" to deal with problem assets . That reserve's size can be a widely used indicator when evaluating a bank's ability to manage troubled assets, especially when compared to the total amount of problematic loans. Unfortunately, the FDIC did not provide information on First Southern National Bank's loan loss allowance in its most recent filings.

Earnings score

A bank's profitability has an effect on its safety and soundness. Earnings may be retained by the bank, increasing its capital buffer, or be used to deal with problematic loans, potentially making the bank better able to withstand financial shocks. Conversely, losses lessen a bank's ability to do those things.

First Southern National Bank scored 18 out of a possible 30 on Bankrate's test of earnings, exceeding the national average of 15.12.

Return on equity, calculated by dividing net income (essentially, profit) by the total amount of equity, is one important way to measure a bank's earnings. The most recent annualized quarterly return on equity for First Southern National Bank was 8.56 percent, above the national average of 8.10 percent.

The bank reported net income of $7.5 million on total equity of $89.0 million for the twelve months ended December 31, 2017. The bank had an annualized return on average assets, or ROA, of 0.87 percent, below the 1 percent deemed satisfactory in accordance with industry standards and below the average for U.S. banks of 1.00 percent.

WHAT IS SAFE & SOUND?

Bankrate.com's Safe & Sound Ratings provide a star rating system to evaluate the current financial status of financial institutions. The information gathered about banks, credit unions and thrifts is updated as set forth in the Terms of Use of Safe & Sound Ratings and Reports. The Safe & Sound Ratings information is grouped by categories of banks, thrifts and credit unions.

Scoring methodology

Bankrate.com evaluates the financial condition of institutions and assigns a one- to five-star rating for each with five stars representing the highest rating. Institutions with satisfactory performance will generally receive a rating of three or more stars. The majority of institutions fall into the three- to four-star range. An institution with an "NR" rating may be too new to rate or may have limited the publicly available information in their regulatory filings. The "NR" is not an indication of financial strength or weakness. The Safe & Sound rating is believed to be reliable, but the information is not guaranteed. In addition, events since the information was collected may have altered the institution's financial condition.