Equipment loans help business owners finance the purchase or lease of essential business equipment. From general term loans and lines of credit to equipment loans and loans backed by the SBA, your business has many ways to finance equipment. Each comes with its own advantages and disadvantages. Choosing the wrong type could lead to higher payments and even loan default.

To choose the right loan for your business, make sure you know all about the types of equipment financing.

Term loans

Term loans are one of the most widely available funding options for businesses. Your business borrows a lump sum and repays it over five to 10 years on average. This flexible type of loan can suit various needs, including working capital or large one-time expenses.

Term loans can be unsecured and based solely on your business and personal finances. But unsecured loans can be hard to qualify for and typically have higher rates since it can be harder for the lender to recover funds if you default on the loan.

SBA loans

The Small Business Administration (SBA) offers three loans that can be used to purchase equipment:

  • 7(a) loans. These are the most common type of SBA loan and are available from many lenders. This type of loan can be used for general working capital expenses or to purchase equipment.
  • 504 loans. A 504 loan is designed to purchase large equipment. Your business can borrow up to $5.5 million, and for working capital loans, repayment lasts anywhere from five to 10 years.
  • Express loans. These work the same as 7(a) loans — and only take 36 hours to be processed and approved by the SBA. But the loan amount is much smaller, limited to $350,000.
  • Microloans. For newer businesses, especially those owned by women, minorities and other underserved communities, a microloan is more accessible than the 7(a) and 504 loans. While you are limited to just $50,000 for equipment, it should be able to cover the startup costs for equipment.

Because they are backed by the government, SBA loans tend to have lower rates than similar loans. They also only require a 10 percent down payment. However, an application can take weeks to process and fund.

You can’t apply directly with the SBA. Instead, you must find a bank or alternative lender and submit an application. Be prepared to research SBA-approved lenders and use the SBA Lender Match tool to narrow down your selection.

Equipment loans

Equipment loans are the standard option for financing equipment. They are widely available from banks and other lenders, but you can also find financing options through the seller. This availability means that business owners should be able to find an option that meets their business’s needs.

The application process for an equipment loan is relatively straightforward. Depending on the type of equipment your business needs, it may be as simple as submitting information about your business. For larger pieces of equipment, you may need to wait for the lender to perform an inspection.

Since equipment loans are secured by the equipment you are purchasing, there is less risk to the lender. So these loans have lower interest rates than unsecured loans. They are also more accessible to new businesses and business owners with bad credit, though you could see rates of 30 percent or higher depending on factors like your creditworthiness and business revenue.

Equipment leases

As an alternative to an equipment loan, you can opt for an equipment lease. These come with smaller monthly payments and may not require a down payment. What happens at the end of your lease depends on the type of lease you sign.

  • Operating leases: These allow you to use the equipment for the lease term and then return it in good condition. It gives your business access to the equipment you need and is a good option if you are in an industry that requires frequent updates to your tech.
  • Capital leases: These allow your business to purchase the equipment at the end of the lease period. They have lower payments like an operating lease, but you may be required to make a balloon payment to cover any residual value once your lease is finished.

Business lines of credit

Lines of credit work like business credit cards. Your business has access to a credit limit the lender sets, and you can draw and repay as needed. This makes them a good choice for businesses that frequently need smaller equipment purchases.

With lines of credit, you only pay interest on the amount you use, and for most business lines of credit, you will regain access to the funds as you pay them back. This gives your business plenty of flexibility based on cash flow and other operating expenses.

Business lines of credit typically have larger loan amounts and lower starting interest rates than business credit cards. But they lack certain features like grace periods, 0% introductory APR offers and the chance to earn rewards on purchases.

Where to get equipment loans

No matter what type of equipment your business needs, it will likely be a large expense. Most businesses don’t have the cash to buy equipment outright. Thankfully, there are a wide variety of options when looking for an equipment loan.

  • Seller financing. Depending on the type of equipment or your industry, you may be able to receive financing through the seller. A bank or alternative lender generally backs these, and they may have a simpler application process than other equipment loans.
  • Banks and credit unions. Banks are the go-to source for business funding, but many credit unions also offer similar options. You may be eligible for a relationship discount or other benefits if you already have an account. Even if you don’t, you may be able to score a competitive rate — provided you qualify and are willing to wait through a slightly longer application process.
  • Online lenders. Online lenders and other alternative lenders are good options for startups or business owners with bad credit. They are also one of the faster options out there, which makes them ideal if you need fast funding for equipment.

Equipment loans for startups

It is possible to get an equipment loan as a startup business. It may be easier for a startup to qualify for an equipment loan because of how they are structured. Since the equipment acts as collateral, you may not need to risk other business or personal assets. It may not translate to the lowest rates — and you may still need to provide a personal guarantee — but overall, equipment loans can be a more accessible option.

Like loans for established businesses, you should begin the research process with lenders that work with startups. You have a few options, so narrow these down to find the right choice to finance your equipment.

Equipment loans for bad credit

Since equipment loans are secured by the equipment itself, there are options for business owners with bad credit. To find the most affordable option, research the best business loans for bad credit. These lenders specialize in helping businesses get the funding they need, so you may have better luck working with one when you need to finance equipment.

Bottom line

There are many equipment loan options and alternatives to suit almost every business. The right choice will depend on how your business is set up and its day-to-day needs. Consider each option carefully and make sure to have a plan in place to successfully manage any equipment loan.

Frequently asked questions

  • It depends on how your business will use its equipment. Equipment loans tend to be less expensive overall, and you keep the equipment once you finish paying the loan. They are a good option for stable industries that don’t see big changes in technology. For businesses in industries where you need to update your equipment frequently, a lease may be better. They are less expensive in the short term and allow you to switch to a newer model at the end of the lease period.
  • Yes, a business loan can be used to buy equipment. They are widely available from banks, online lenders and equipment financing companies. Lenders may allow you to finance up to 100 percent of the equipment’s value, minus any down payment your business needs to make.
  • Equipment financing gives your business access to technology, machinery and other essentials that it may not otherwise be able to afford. They can help build your business’s credit score. And since they act as the collateral for a loan, you may be able to get lower rates alongside a faster application process.