FHA loan credit score requirements are generally lower compared to other types of mortgages. If you have a lower credit score, this option can offer you a better chance of qualifying for a home loan.
Minimum FHA loan credit score requirement
The minimum credit score to qualify for an FHA loan is 580 with a down payment of 3.5 percent. If you can bump up your down payment to at least 10 percent, you can have a credit score as low as 500 and still qualify.
If your score is below 600, however, be prepared to find a lender who can put your application through manual underwriting, since getting approved can get more challenging the lower your credit score, says Robert E. Tait of Motto Mortgage Elite Services in Bucks County, Pennsylvania.
What is an FHA loan?
FHA stands for Federal Housing Administration, a government agency that insures mortgages. FHA loans are designed for low- to moderate-income borrowers, and require at least a 3.5 percent down payment.
Advantages of an FHA loan
Among the benefits, FHA loans allow borrowers to draw down payment funds from sources other than their own savings, such as a gift from a relative or close friend, says Tait.
FHA loans are also appealing to buyers who don’t have a lot of cash because of the FHA’s flexible standards on who pays for closing costs.
“FHA loans are targeted for people who might have marginal credit and who need the maximum seller assistance in the form of seller credits at closing,” Tait says. “With the seller credits, you can effectively cover 100 percent of your closing costs.”
Compared to conventional loans, FHA loans also have more relaxed underwriting, including a higher debt-to-income (DTI) ratio and flexibility if you’ve had financial difficulties like a bankruptcy in the past.
Types of FHA loans
There are different types of FHA loans, including:
- Purchase loans: For buying a home
- Streamline refinances: For refinancing an FHA loan to a new one without needing to undergo a credit check or other steps in the underwriting process
- 203(k) loans: For buying and fixing up a home
- Cash-out refinance: For tapping your home equity
Other FHA loan requirements
FHA debt-to-income (DTI) ratio
While you’re exploring the qualification process for FHA loans, you’ll hear about DTI, or debt-to-income ratio. The maximum DTI ratio is typically 43 percent, though your lender could make exceptions up to 45 percent, 50 percent or even 57 percent with an FHA loan.
FHA loan limits
FHA loans have loan limits that dictate how much you can borrow depending on the type of property you’re financing and where you’re buying. In 2022, the FHA loan limit for a single-family home in most counties is $420,680, but can be as high as $970,800 in higher-cost areas.
FHA mortgage insurance
If your down payment is less than 20 percent, you’ll be required to pay FHA mortgage insurance premiums (MIP). MIP are fees you pay to protect the lender in case you default on your loan. In most cases, FHA borrowers pay MIP at closing and every year for the life of their loan.
Why do different mortgage lenders have different FHA credit score requirements?
Each mortgage lender has the flexibility to decide what loans they wish to offer and the lowest credit scores they’re willing to accept. Even though the FHA has requirements, FHA-approved lenders can also impose their own standards, a practice known as “overlaying,” depending on the level of risk they’re willing to tolerate. That’s why you might see different FHA credit score requirements with different lenders.
“We have large lenders in this country that exited from doing government loans five or more years ago,” says Tait. “Some of them just won’t do an FHA loan.”
How to boost your credit score to meet FHA loan requirements
Improving your credit score before you start shopping for an FHA loan can increase your chances of being approved. Tait recommends taking steps to boost your score now if you believe you’ll purchase a home within the next year.
“[Start by] getting your credit pulled, finding out what is on your credit report and align yourself with a lender who will help you improve your credit,” Tait says.
When you check your credit report, make sure it’s correct. If there’s anything listed there you don’t recognize, work with creditors to remove incorrect items. You might also need to work to pay off any debt that’s fallen into collections — which can seriously hurt your score — or contact previous lenders to clear out any old or resolved debt that’s been paid off. Other steps you can take include making on-time payments, paying down existing debts as much as possible and refraining from taking out other loans or applying for new forms of credit as you’re shopping around.
FHA loans aren’t right for everyone, but they can be advantageous for borrowers with lower credit scores. The best way to determine the right mortgage for you is to work with a mortgage lender to learn about your options.
With additional reporting by Sarah Li Cain