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SBA microloans are small loans of up to $50,000 that are funded by the U.S. Small Business Administration. These loans are often directed toward underserved communities, such as women and veteran business owners.
These loans have an advantage over other types of SBA loans because they often have less strict eligibility requirements. As a result, you may get approved for an SBA microloan even with minimal or no credit history. But a downside is that approval times generally range from one to three months.
- Businesses can get SBA microloans for up to $50,000
- The SBA microloan program is geared to help minority businesses
- You can’t use funds for real estate or debt refinancing
- You have to apply through an approved community-based lender.
What is an SBA microloan?
The SBA microloan program provides small loans to startups and new businesses. Qualified small business owners can borrow up to $50,000. The average microloan is $13,000, according to the SBA. Interest rates typically range from 8 percent to 13 percent.
Although the SBA guarantees these loans, it doesn’t fund them. Instead, nonprofit community-based lenders fund the loans with SBA approval.
SBA microloans are often secured, requiring you to pledge collateral like unpaid invoices or inventory. In addition, most lenders require a personal guarantee, which means they can hold you personally liable if you default on the loan.
SBA microloan key features
|Up to six years
|Varies by microlender, but typically from 8%-13%
|Up to $50,000
|Lenders may charge borrowers packaging fees of up to 3% of the loan amount for loans of one year or more, and 2% for loans with terms of less than one year.
What can an SBA microloan be used for?
You can use an SBA microloan to pay for most business expenses totaling less than $50,000. It’s meant to boost working capital for expenses like expanding your product line, buying or repairing equipment, furnishing an office or paying suppliers. But the SBA doesn’t allow you to use funds to pay for real estate or to pay off existing debt.
SBA microloan vs. SBA 7(a) loan
SBA microloans may come in handy for small business expenses, but if you need to borrow more than $50,000, an SBA 7(a) loan is a better option. With this loan program, you can borrow up to $5 million. Plus, unlike with an SBA microloan, you can use an SBA 7(a) loan to buy real estate for your business.
While an SBA microloan works best for someone looking to start up or new businesses, an SBA 7 (a) loan works best for a more established small business with a history of earning profits.
|SBA 7(a) loan
|Nonprofit community-based lenders
|Banks and online lenders
|Up to six years
|Up to 10 years for working capital and equipment loans; up to 25 years for real estate loans
|Varies by lender; typically 8% to 13%
|Varies by lender
|Up to $50,000
|Up to $5 million
Over $18 billion in SBA 7(a) loan funds have been approved so far in 2023, with most SBA funds going to states that are heavily populated. This includes California, Texas and Florida.
Who qualifies for SBA microloans?
SBA loans are designed to help startups, newly founded businesses and certain not-for-profit childcare centers. Also, some intermediaries focus on members of underserved communities, such as minority-owned and women-owned business owners and people who live in low-to-moderate income areas.
According to an SBA press release, almost 4,400 small businesses received microloans in 2021, totaling $71.8 million in funding. Of those, 41 percent were from underserved communities such as Hispanic- and Black-owned businesses.
Beyond that, each lender has its own business loan requirements, which may include:
- Minimum credit score in the 500s or higher
- Time in business ranges from startup to 2 years
- Located in the lender’s state
- Offering collateral or personal guarantee
- Business plan with two to three years of revenue projections
- Being available for financial mentoring
If you have been denied an SBA loan in the past, you can reapply after a 90-day waiting period.
Pros and cons of SBA microloans
- Accessible to minority and bad credit businesses
- Includes support through education and mentoring
- No SBA loan fee
- Low loan amounts up to $50,000
- Approved lenders are limited
- May take 30 to 90 days to fund
How to get an SBA microloan
While the SBA loan application process varies by lender, below are some general steps you take to apply for an SBA microloan:
1. Find an SBA-approved microlender
The first step is finding an SBA-approved lender in your area. You can find one by reviewing this list of approved lenders.
2. Gather your documents
Although application requirements vary, you’ll most likely have to provide some or all of the following documents:
- Profit and loss statements
- Personal and business tax returns
- Payroll records
- A list of references
- Monthly budget for your household and business
- Business plan
- Business bank statements
- Detailed outline of how funds will be used
- Copy of business license
3. Submit a loan application
Once you’ve chosen an approved lender in your area that best matches your business needs, submit a loan application.
4. Wait for approval
After you’ve submitted your loan application, you’ll have to wait to see if you’re approved. Though approval times vary, it often takes one to three months for a microlender to notify you of its decision.
5. Receive funds
If approved, you might have to wait for the funds to be deposited into your bank account. Repay the loan as promised to avoid late fees and possible damage to your personal or business credit.
Alternatives to SBA microloans
Not every business will qualify for an SBA microloan or can wait for SBA approval to get funding. If the SBA loan isn’t the right fit, your business has other options:
- Grants. Business grants offer funding that small businesses don’t have to repay if they qualify and get awarded the grant. Some grants target underserved or low-income communities.
- Business credit cards. Business credit cards can cover similar business expenses as microloans, often offering credit limits up to $50,000. These are more widely available than SBA microloans.
- Non-SBA microloans. Other lenders may offer microloans, including online lenders like Accion Opportunity Fund and Kiva. You can also find these from Community Development Financial Institutions (CDFIs) and Minority Deposit Insitutions (MDIs), lenders certified to serve specific communities such as minorities.
- Invoice factoring or financing. You can sell unpaid invoices to an invoice factoring company to collect payment, or use unpaid invoices to secure financing. Either way, the financing company advances cash against those invoices.
- Merchant cash advances. A merchant cash advance looks at your past credit or debit card sales and provides funds you pay back based on future sales. But high fees costing much more than traditional business loan interest should make this a last resort.
The bottom line
An SBA microloan can provide you with the capital you need to start or expand your business. But a potential downside is that you can only borrow up to $50,000 If you need to borrow a larger amount, consider applying for a conventional business loan or an SBA 7(a) loan instead.
Frequently asked questions
Minimum credit score requirements vary by lender. Some microlenders don’t have a minimum credit score requirement, but will still review your payment history and credit report to determine whether you qualify. If you have a bankruptcy listed on your credit report, you might have trouble qualifying.
SBA loan approval times vary by lender. But if you’re approved, you can generally expect to receive your funds within 30 to 90 days.
No, SBA loans tend to have strict guidelines for eligibility because businesses have to meet the SBA’s as well as the lender’s specific criteria. SBA loans are also competitive because they offer relatively low interest rates and long repayment terms.