Average business loan interest rates in 2023
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Many businesses choose to borrow money to finance expensive purchases, invest in growth, or to improve their cash flow. However, borrowing comes at a cost. To know whether borrowing money will benefit your company, you should know what average business loan interest rates look like.
With good or excellent credit, you could see interest rates in the 6.00 percent to 7.00 percent range.
Knowing typical rates will also help you spot a bad deal and give you more information to use when shopping around.
Average business loan interest rates
According to the latest data from the Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City, the average interest rate for all small business term loans in the fourth quarter of 2022 was 6.44 percent for fixed-rate loans and 7.44 percent for variable-rate loans.
But the federal funds rate has risen since Q4 — and other rates tend to rise along with it. So these averages are likely higher today.
These are typical starting rates based on loan type. But note that many lenders don’t disclose the upper end of their rate range — so the rate you’re offered will be significantly higher if you have poor credit.
|Business loan||Interest rate|
|Term loans||6.00% to 45.00%|
|Lines of credit||8.00% to 60.00%|
|SBA loans||10.50% to 16.25%|
|Merchant cash advance||1.09 to 1.50 factor rate|
|Bad credit business loans||25.00% to 75.00%+|
Rates accurate as of May 2023
While lenders can charge a wide range of rates on conventional loans, the Small Business Administration sets maximum interest rates for SBA loans.
If you qualify, you’re guaranteed that the rate won’t go above the max rate. The max rates are set based on the type of SBA loan, loan amount and repayment term.
Interest rates by type of lender
The interest rates also vary widely based on where you get the business loan. Banks typically charge lower interest rates than online lenders. But banks focus on low-risk borrowers and have strict lending criteria.
What you can expect from different types of lenders:
|Banks||5.50% to 10.50%|
|Online lenders||6.00% to 30.00%|
What is a business loan interest rate?
Interest is the cost of borrowing money. It’s typically expressed as a percentage of the amount you borrowed that is added to your balance each year.
Usually, you’ll see interest rates on loans quoted as an annual percentage rate (APR). The APR for a loan reflects interest plus any fees or other charges you might have to pay, such as origination or underwriting fees.
That means the APR of a loan is usually higher than its interest rate, but it provides a more complete view of the cost of borrowing. If you know your loan amount, term and interest rate, you can use a calculator to figure out your business loan’s cost.
However, with business loans, you may see the cost of borrowing expressed as an APR, simple interest or factor rate. The difference between these:
|Interest rate||A percentage of the amount you borrowed that is added to your balance each year. May compound on different schedules, such as annually or monthly|
|Annual percentage rate (APR)||The cost of borrowing including any interest charges (with compounding accounted for) and other loan fees.|
|Factor rate||The cost of borrowing expressed as a decimal. Multiply it by the principal to get the total repayment cost.|
What is a factor rate?
A factor rate is a multiplier that lenders use to calculate the cost of a loan. Lenders use a number such as 1.10 or 1.50 in place of an interest rate or APR. Factor rates are often used for business loans to risky borrowers, such as short-term loans or merchant cash advances.
To calculate a loan’s cost with a factor rate, use this formula:
Principal loan amount x factor rate = cost of loan (excluding additional fees)
Let’s say you get a business loan for $100,000 with a factor rate of 1.20. You would pay $100,000 x 1.20 = $120,000.
Unfortunately, factor rates don’t give you an idea of the annual cost of borrowing or incorporate other business loan fees. This makes it difficult to compare the loan cost to loans with an APR, since APR does represent the annual interest paid plus certain fees.
Is a small business loan a variable or fixed rate?
Small business loans can come with both variable and fixed interest rates. It depends on the type of loan that you choose.
A variable interest rate is one that can change throughout the life of the loan. They’re typically based on an interest rate benchmark and move along with the benchmark. Your loan can get cheaper if rates fall but also get more expensive if they rise.
Fixed-rate loans have a single, fixed interest rate that doesn’t change. These offer predictability in your monthly payments.
Term loans, equipment loans, and other lump sum loans have fixed rates more often than not. Things like lines of credit, credit cards, and merchant cash advances are more likely to have variable interest rates.
Factors that can affect interest rate
Many factors influence the interest rates — some that borrowers can influence and others that they can’t.
Federal funds rate
Business owners can’t control market and economic conditions. The Federal Reserve sets the federal funds rate, a benchmark interest rate, based on the economy. It tends to raise rates when the economy is overheating or inflation is high and drop them when recession looms.
Because the federal funds rate can be a benchmark for other loans, the rates you’ll pay for new business loans can change as the Fed funds rate changes. If you choose a variable interest rate, your rate will change with market conditions over your loan’s life; with a fixed rate, it remains the same.
Your business’s characteristics
Lenders look at a few aspects of your business to predict how risky lending to you might be.
Some characteristics they examine include:
- Age: The older your business is, the less risky it will appear to lenders.
- Revenue: Companies with more revenue and better cash flow can secure lower rates.
- Industry: Some industries, like food service, have higher failure rates, which may cause lenders to charge higher rates.
- Business plan: Having a solid business plan that shows how you’ll use the loan to grow and how you’ll repay the debt can help convince some lenders to offer better rates.
- Credit score: The higher your company’s credit score, the easier it will be to secure a lower rate.
- Personal financial details: Many lenders will look at your personal credit score and finances, especially if your business is young. Having strong personal credit and finances can help secure lower rates.
The lender type
Different types of lenders offer different types of loans and have different interest rates.
Traditional lenders, like banks and credit unions, offer a variety of loan types and their rates can vary significantly. It’s worth checking with your bank to see if they offer a good deal to borrowers that also have bank accounts.
Online and other alternative lenders often focus on a specific type of loan and a specific type of borrower. You can find great rates from online lenders that focus on companies with great credit. If you choose a lender that focuses on young companies or those with bad credit, rates may be very high.
SBA loans — which are backed by the federal government and administered through both traditional and online lenders — may be easier to qualify for if you don’t have great credit and offer reasonable interest rates. But they come with a lot of bureaucracy and paperwork. Don’t expect a quick approval if you opt for an SBA loan.
Some business lenders let you select between a secured or unsecured loan. A secured loan is backed by collateral — an asset such as inventory or property — that the lender can seize if you default on your loan.
Secured loans reduce the lender’s risk, leading to lower interest rates. Unsecured loans have higher rates but don’t require collateral.
How to get the best business loan interest rate
The number one thing you can do to secure the best loan rates is to make sure your business looks like a low-risk borrower to lenders. That means high revenue, strong cash flow and a good credit history.
Another way to appear low-risk is by improving your credit score. Both your personal and business credit can matter. Personal credit is especially important if you’re running a startup or a smaller business. Always pay your bills on time and keep your debts low relative to your income to strengthen your credit.
However, those steps won’t be enough on their own. You’ll need to shop around and compare offers from multiple lenders to find the best deal. Many lenders offer online prequalification tools and other ways to get quotes with just a soft credit pull (which doesn’t impact your credit score).
Even if you’re shopping for a bad credit business loan, it’s worth comparing lenders to try to save some money.
Once you have several quotes, compare them to find the most favorable rate and terms that work for you. You can try negotiating with each lender to secure an even lower rate or simply select the one with the lowest APR.
Another option for lowering rates is to choose a secured loan over an unsecured loan.
The bottom line
Lenders take a variety of factors into account when setting interest rates, especially your business’s credit history, time in business and revenue. Knowing the average interest rates can guide you in choosing the best business loan, though your rate may look different based on your creditworthiness.
Frequently asked questions
Low interest rates are possible for business loans, but it depends on your business’s — and in many cases personal — credit history. The lowest interest rates of around 6.00 percent go to borrowers with high revenue and strong credit such as a credit score of 670+, among other factors.
The most ideal interest rates for a business loan fall between 6.00 percent and 16.00 percent. Yet 25.00 percent to 30.00 percent could be considered good for a bad credit business loan. When it comes to paying interest on a loan, the lowest rate you can find for your credit profile is a good rate.
The SBA sets maximum rates using a base rate plus another rate specified by the SBA, such as prime + 4.25%. Fixed-rate loans use the prime rate as its base, which is a market rate published by the Wall Street Journal. Variable-rate loans are based on the prime rate, LIBOR interest rate index or the peg rate, which is an optional set of rates published by the SBA.