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These days, credit card applicants have plenty of great options to choose from. Ironically, having so many options can make the decision quite difficult. What kinds of perks should you be looking for? Are annual fees worth it?
To simplify the process, we’ve laid out four steps to help you find the ideal credit card for your spending habits and your financial goals.
1. Check your credit score
The first step in finding the perfect credit card should be checking your credit score. Most of the top rewards credit cards require at least good credit, but there are also cards for people with just fair credit and even cards for consumers who have no credit or limited credit history.
Why not just apply for a bunch of cards until you get accepted? Any time you apply for a new credit card, you’ll incur a hard pull on your credit report, which will temporarily drop your credit score and remain on your credit report for two years. Additionally, having several hard pulls in a short time could hurt your chances of getting approved for cards in the near future.
Luckily, there are lots of free ways to check your credit score. If your credit doesn’t look as good as you hoped, spend some time improving it before you apply for a credit card. For the most part, the most effective (and easiest) ways to improve credit include paying all your bills early or on time and paying down debt to lower your credit utilization.
2. Decide what you want a credit card to do for you
Once you know which types of cards you can qualify for, it’s time to start being choosy. What do you want a credit card to do for you? Build your credit score? Earn rewards? Generally, credit cards fall into one of the categories below.
Need to improve your credit score? Get a credit-building card
Responsibly using any credit card will improve your credit score, but there are credit cards specifically designed for people with bad credit or limited credit history. They tend to be relatively easy to qualify for. Here are our picks for the best cards for bad credit and the best cards for no credit history.
Secured cards work like traditional credit cards, with one major difference — they require you to put down a security deposit when you become a cardholder. Your deposit is typically equal to your credit limit and is refundable when you close the card or upgrade to an unsecured card. If you decide to go this route, here are our picks for the best secured cards.
Unsecured credit-building cards, as the name implies, do not require a security deposit. With no deposit required, approving consumers for these cards is riskier for lenders. As a result, unsecured credit-building cards often carry higher fees and lower credit limits. For this reason, we recommend a secured credit card instead if you can afford the security deposit.
Student cards can be either secured or unsecured and are typically available only to current students. The best student credit cards tend to carry lower fees than general credit-building cards and often come with perks that favor students.
Need to pay off existing debt? Get a balance transfer credit card
Balance transfer credit cards are ideal if you need to pay off debt. You can transfer debt from one or more credit cards to a balance transfer card with a lower APR and get a chance to chip away at your balance and save on interest charges.
These cards typically offer either a lower-than-average or 0 percent introductory APR on balance transfers for at least the first several months and often more than a year. During this period, you can contribute more money toward your principal balance and less toward interest charges. Be sure to have a payoff plan in place before you start, as any balance that remains at the end of your intro APR period will be subject to the card’s regular APR.
If your current credit card has a high interest rate, a good balance transfer card with a low or 0 percent introductory APR can be a lifesaver as you work to pay down your debt efficiently and at a lower cost. However, you’ll typically need good-to-excellent credit to qualify. These cards may not offer rewards or many perks, either, as the introductory APR is the primary benefit.
Need to finance a new purchase? Get a low-interest credit card
A low-interest credit card is a good fit if you need to finance expenses over time while minimizing interest charges. These cards tend to come in two major forms, offering either a lower ongoing rate than the average credit card APR or a 0 percent introductory APR on new purchases.
A card with a promotional APR on purchases will make the most sense if you have major expenses — such as a home repair, move or renovation — on the horizon and would like to pay them off over time while avoiding interest. Promotional APRs on new purchases typically last 12 to 18 months, after which any remaining balance is subject to the card’s regular APR.
Meanwhile, if you plan to carry a balance long-term (longer than a year or two) or if you generally carry a balance from time to time, you should focus less on the introductory rate and more on the ongoing APR. Some of the best low-interest cards offer variable APR ranges that start around 14 percent. That might not sound low, but the average credit card APR is now over 18 percent.
Credit requirements for these cards vary, but you’ll usually need at least good credit to secure a decent ongoing APR.
Ready to earn points, miles or cash back? Get a rewards credit card
Typically reserved for those with good-to-excellent credit, rewards credit cards are best suited to cardholders who already have good credit and want to earn cash back or points via sign-up bonuses and purchases.
There are several types of rewards credit cards.
- Cash back cards typically earn a percentage back on your spending, which you can redeem for cash in the form of a direct deposit or statement credit
- Points-earning cards accumulate points instead of dollars as you spend. You generally have the option to redeem your points for cash back, travel, merchandise and more.
- Miles-earning cards rack up — you guessed it — airline miles as you spend. You can redeem them for flights, usually with a particular brand.
The amount of rewards you earn on each purchase can vary. Some cards offer a flat rewards rate on all of your spending, and others offer bonus rewards in certain categories of spending, like groceries or dining. Here are our picks for the best rewards credit cards.
To decide which is the best fit for you, think about your spending habits and how much work you’re willing to put into maximizing your rewards. Do you spend a lot in one specific category? Are you willing to track and enroll in bonus categories every quarter? What about juggling multiple cards and using different ones for different purchases? Or would you rather just earn at the same rate on everything you buy?
3. Pick the card that offers the best value
Beyond the type of credit card, we recommend choosing a credit card with benefits and features that are relevant to you. Here are some perks to look for:
Secured and student credit cards
- Credit line increases: When considering a secured credit card, look for options that reward responsible usage with periodic credit line increases.
- Graduation: The ultimate goal of getting a secured credit card is to eventually have good enough credit to get an unsecured card. Some secured cards make this transition easier by allowing you to graduate to an unsecured card — no new application needed — when your credit improves.
Low interest and 0% APR credit cards
- Length of introductory 0 percent offer: No credit card offers 0 percent interest indefinitely, but you can find some top cards that offer 0 percent introductory periods that are up to 21 months long.
- No penalty APR or late fees: If you fall behind on your payments, some credit card companies will charge costly fees or a penalty APR. If you are concerned about your ability to pay your balance every month, consider looking for a card without these fees.
- Type of rewards: There are many types of credit card rewards, including cash back, airline miles and points. Cash back is simplest for most, but you may get more bang for your buck by redeeming points.
- Low required spending: Some rewards cards require you to meet a certain spending limit before qualifying for bonuses or special offers. If you are considering a rewards card and want to earn its sign-up bonus, for instance, take note of the spending requirement to make sure you will get the best value out of your card.
- No (or low) annual fee: Rewards cards offer the best perks, but many have annual fees. The rewards will often outweigh the burden of an annual fee, but there are also plenty of cards available with no yearly fee.
4. Familiarize yourself with interest rates and fees
Credit card issuers make money through interest and fees. Federal law requires that all credit cards disclose their interest rate fees in advance, so it’s important to research these added costs before applying for a new card.
Interest rates on credit cards can vary significantly. Some cards may offer interest rates in the single digits, while others may charge up to 36 percent. A card’s APR should be a defining factor in your decision-making process, especially if you think you may have to carry a balance.
Different types of credit cards charge various fees. Some of the most common you may encounter include:
- Annual fee: Many credit cards come with annual fees that typically range anywhere from $95 to $550 or more. Some issuers of prime credit cards will also waive their annual fees in the first year of card ownership. And sometimes you can get that fee waived just by asking.
- Balance transfer fee: If you already have a credit card and you’re struggling to pay off high-interest credit card debt, a balance transfer card could be a good option for you. Balance transfer fees are typically 3 percent to 5 percent of your transfer amount, often with a minimum of $5 to $10.
- Late payment fee: If you pay your credit card statement late, you could be charged a late payment fee. These fees differ depending on the issuer and the number of times you have paid your balance late.
- Cash advance fee: A cash advance is when you take money out of an ATM using your credit card. Cash advances should be avoided whenever possible. Fees associated with cash advances can be high — typically 3 percent to 5 percent of the amount withdrawn. You’ll also be charged interest on a cash advance right away, often at a higher rate than your regular APR.
- Foreign transaction fee: When you use your credit card outside of the U.S., you may be charged a foreign transaction fee. These fees typically cost around 3 percent per transaction. If you’re an avid traveler, consider credit cards that don’t charge foreign transaction fees.
The bottom line
With so many different types of credit cards available, it can be hard to find the right one for your needs. It pays to do a little research and then compare a few cards to find the best fit for you. Once you decide what features and benefits are important to you, the decision becomes a bit easier.