Picking the right credit card for your needs isn’t an easy feat—mostly because there are so many cards available right now. The sheer number of rewards credit cards alone available today is enough to blow anyone’s mind. It’s no wonder many consumers go with a card their friends recommend or one they randomly stumble upon while searching the web.
If you want to pick the right card for your needs, you’ll have to do more digging than that. Some cards are best for different types of consumers and your personal credit profile might also limit the cards you can qualify for. Instead of relying on recommendations from friends or direct mail advertisements to decide on your next card, take the time to uncover what you really need.
These four steps can help you wind up with the ideal credit card for your lifestyle and goals.
How to choose a credit card
- Check your credit score
- Pick the type of card that fits you best
- Decide which perks you want
- Consider the total package
1. Check your credit score
Most of the top rewards credit cards require you to have good or excellent credit, but there are also cards for people with just fair credit, and even cards for consumers who have no credit or limited credit history.
Before you apply for a credit card, it helps to know where you stand. Find out what your credit score is so you can know which type of card you should apply for.
These general rules will apply based on your FICO score:
- Poor (579 or lower) or fair (580 to 669): You may need to apply for a credit card for bad credit or even a secured credit card.
- Good (670 to 739): You have a shot at qualifying for the best credit card offers available today, but you may not qualify for premium cards.
- Very good (740 to 799) or excellent (800 and up): You should be able to qualify for almost any credit card.
If your credit doesn’t look as good as you hoped, it might make sense to spend some time improving it before you apply for a credit card. For the most part, the best (and easiest) ways to improve credit include paying all your bills early or on time and paying down debt to lower your credit utilization.
Keep in mind, too, that any time you apply for a new credit card, you’ll face a hard pull of your credit report, which will temporarily drop your credit score and remain on your credit report for two years. Having several hard pulls in a short time could hurt your chances of getting approved for cards in the near future.
This means you should try to limit card applications to only those cards that offer decent approval odds based on your credit profile.
You can often check if you prequalify for a card with a specific issuer on its website, or use a tool like CardMatch to search across multiple issuers for prequalified card offers that fit your credit profile. While it’s not a guarantee of approval, prequalification should give you a sense of your odds of approval and some reassurance before you submit your application.
2. Pick the type of card that fits you best
Once you have a better sense of where you stand from a credit perspective, you can shift your focus to which type of card makes sense for you. As you may already have noticed, there are a ton of card options to choose from, each with pros and cons depending on your goals, budget and credit standing.
Before making a decision on what cards to apply for, you can check out card reviews in the category you’re interested in to see how they fit with your credit score, rewards or financing goals.
Generally, the best card for you will fall into one of the categories below. Ask yourself which makes the most sense for you given your credit history and future plans.
Need to build credit? Get a credit-building credit card
Designed for people with bad credit or limited credit history, credit-building cards can help you build or repair your credit if you use them responsibly. Among other things, that means paying your balances on time and keeping your credit utilization low. And since they’re designed for those with a less-than-ideal credit history, they tend to be relatively easy to qualify for.
Secured cards work like traditional credit cards, with one major difference—they require you to put down a security deposit when you become a cardholder. Your deposit is typically equal to your credit limit and is refundable when you close the card or upgrade to an unsecured card.
Unsecured credit-building cards, as the name implies, do not require a security deposit. These cards are geared toward consumers with poor credit. With no deposit required, approving people for these cards is riskier to lenders. As a result, unsecured credit-building cards often carry higher fees and lower credit limits.
Student cards can be either secured or unsecured and are typically available only to current students. These cards tend to carry lower fees than general credit-building cards and sometimes come with student-centric perks.
Whichever route you take to build credit, a credit-building card should be used as a stepping stone toward a better credit card down the line.
Need to pay off debt? Get a balance transfer credit card
Balance transfer cards are ideal if you need to pay off debt. You can transfer debt from one or more credit cards to a balance transfer card with a lower APR and get a chance to chip away at your balance and save on interest charges.
These cards typically offer either a lower-than-average or 0 percent introductory APR on balance transfers for at least the first several months, and often more than a year. During this period, you can contribute more money toward your principal balance and less toward interest charges. You’ll just need to be sure to have a payoff plan in place before you start, as any balance that remains at the end of your intro APR period will be subject to the card’s regular APR.
If your current credit card has a high interest rate, a low or 0 percent introductory APR can be a lifesaver as you work to pay down your debt efficiently and at a lower cost, but you’ll typically need good to excellent credit to qualify. These cards usually don’t offer rewards or many perks either, as the intro APR is the primary benefit.
Check out Bankrate’s balance transfer calculator to see how much you could save versus making payments on your existing card. If you can’t qualify for a balance transfer offer, consider a different credit card debt consolidation method or a dedicated low-interest credit card.
Need to carry a balance? Get a low-interest credit card
A low-interest credit card is a good fit if you need to carry a balance long-term or finance expenses over time while minimizing interest charges. These cards tend to come in two major forms, offering either a lower ongoing rate than the average credit card APR or a 0 percent introductory APR on new purchases.
A card that comes with a promotional APR on purchases will make the most sense if you have major expenses—such as a major home repair, move or renovation—on the horizon and would like to pay them off over time while avoiding interest. Promotional APRs on new purchases typically last 12 to 18 months, after which any remaining balance is subject to the card’s regular APR.
Meanwhile, if you plan to carry a balance for multiple years, you should focus less on the introductory rate and more on the ongoing APR. Some low-interest cards can offer rates below 10 percent, well below what you’ll find on the typical credit card.
Credit requirements for these cards vary, but you’ll usually need at least good credit to secure a decent ongoing APR.
Ready to earn points, miles or cash back? Get a rewards credit card
Typically reserved for those with good to excellent credit, rewards credit cards are best suited to cardholders who are already in good shape from a credit perspective and want to earn cash back or points via sign-up bonuses and purchases. If you’re still working on your credit or need to tackle debt, you may need to wait for rewards when you’re in a better place financially.
Along with offering bonuses when you spend a certain amount in a given time frame, cash back cards typically earn a percentage back on your spending in the form of a direct deposit or statement credit, while other rewards cards earn points or miles that can be redeemed for cash back, travel, merchandise and more.
These types of cards come in a few different forms, with some offering a flat rewards rate on all of your spending and others offering bonus rewards in certain categories of spending, like groceries or dining.
To decide which is the best fit for you, think about your spending habits and how much work you’re willing to put into maximizing your rewards: Do you spend a lot in one specific category? Are you willing to track and enroll in bonus categories every quarter? What about juggling multiple cards and using different ones for different purchases? Or would you rather just earn at the same rate on everything you buy?
3. Decide which perks you want
Now that you know your credit score and which type of card would help you meet your goals, it’s important to think about which benefits you want the most. This part can be somewhat tricky since it’s hard to find a card that has every perk you want, but you can at least figure out which cardholder benefits are most important to you.
Some common cardholder perks to think about include these:
- Primary auto rental coverage you can use in place of your own insurance when you rent a car
- Purchase protection that can reimburse you if covered items are damaged or stolen
- Extended warranties that boost coverage for items with a manufacturer’s warranty
- Coverage for lost or delayed baggage
- Travel accident insurance
- Trip cancellation/interruption insurance
- Free FICO score on your monthly statement
- Cellphone insurance
4. Consider the total package
At this point, you should be aware of quite a few things about your financial situation and the card you want. For example, you should know:
- Your credit score and the type of credit card for which you can likely qualify
- The type of card you should apply for based on your goals
- Cardholder perks you want the most
- How comfortable you are with fees, including annual fees
From here, you’ll look for cards that you can qualify for that also offer what you want in terms of rewards and cardholder benefits. If an annual fee is charged, you should feel confident you’ll get more than enough value in return to make it worth it.
What to do next
Once you’ve considered these factors and determined which type of cards match your credit profile, goals and budget, it’s time to focus on specific cards and apply when you find a match.
Apply for your top choice
It’s best to stick to just one application at a time, as several hard inquiries in a short time can cause a drop in your credit score. If your application is rejected, take a close look at the reason given by the issuer. You may have aimed too high based on your credit score, income or debt-to-income ratio.
Start using your card to its full advantage
For the most part, this means using your card only for purchases you planned to make and paying your balance off in full each month. This is especially crucial if you’re using a credit card to build credit.
Transfer your balances
If you took out a balance transfer card to consolidate debt, transfer your balances over as soon as you can so you can get the biggest benefit from your card’s intro APR period. With a solid plan and budget, you have a chance to pay off a big chunk of your debt—or even all your debt—before your card’s introductory offer ends.
The bottom line
Thanks to the many credit card options on the market, it can be hard to find the right card to meet your personal and financial needs. Putting in the work and doing the research to find the best fit for you is a key step to take. Once you decide what credit card features and benefits are important to you, it will be easier to narrow down your search for the right card.