Key takeaways

  • Credit card points are a type of rewards currency that can be earned in exchange for eligible credit card spending.
  • To earn boosted points on your credit card, you’ll need to maximize bonus category spending, earn any available welcome bonus and take advantage of promotional offers.
  • To get the most value from your points, redeem them for high-value options like travel or points transfers to airline and hotel partners.

It can be challenging to learn a new credit card points system, especially considering how different they can all be from each other. After all, there are a lot of details to keep track of, from which types of purchases earn the most points to which redemption options are the most valuable.

In this guide, we make it easy to understand the basics behind all of these points systems. That way, you can stop stressing about your points and start using them effectively. Here’s what to know about credit card points and how they work:

What are credit card points?

Points round out cash back and miles as the three types of credit card rewards you’ll find when comparing credit cards — although points and miles are treated pretty similarly by card issuers. With each type, you earn at a set rate for each dollar you spend.

Cash back systems offer you a percentage of your purchase back in dollars — for example, a 2 percent cash back card would award you 2 cents back per dollar spent. Instead of dollars, credit card points systems reward you in the form of points for your spending. So, you might earn 2X points per dollar on select spending, for example.

However, the rate of points you’ll earn may differ depending on the type of purchase you make. Some credit card issuers extend a fixed rate for all purchases, while others offer higher rates for specific types of purchases within what’s called “bonus categories.”

Among rewards cards, travel credit cards tend to offer more points (or miles) for travel-related spending. A top travel rewards card might offer 5X points per dollar spent on eligible travel-related purchases — such as flights or rideshares — and 1X points per dollar on all other purchases.

How to earn credit card points

In addition to using your credit card for daily purchases — especially in bonus categories — there are a few things you can do to expand your earning potential.

Maximize bonus category spending

With most points rewards cards, you earn points by making specific purchases using your card. Issuers typically offer different points rates for different types of purchases. So, you might be able to earn more points per dollar on travel, dining, groceries or other purchase categories.

For example, if you’re an avid traveler and spend a significant amount on flights and hotel rooms, The Platinum Card® from American Express could be a good choice for you. It offers:

  • 5X Membership Rewards points per dollar spent on flights booked directly with airlines or through American Express Travel on up to $500,000 per calendar year
  • 5X points on prepaid hotels booked through American Express Travel
  • 2X points on prepaid car rentals through American Express Travel
  • 1X points on all other purchases

By focusing your purchases with this card on flights and hotels, you’ll earn a lot more points than if you just used this card for everyday spending.

Leverage bonus offers

Many credit card issuers offer a variety of ways to earn additional points on their cards. Those options include:

  • Welcome bonuses: Also called sign-up bonuses, these can be earned by meeting certain spending minimums within the first few months of opening the cards. For instance, the Amex Platinum offers new cardholders a welcome bonus of 80,000 points after spending $8,000 within the first six months of account opening.
  • Referral bonuses: These bonuses are for current cardholders who get a friend or relative to apply for the card. Generally, you’ll refer a friend through a link and receive a certain amount of points for the referral. The number of points depends on the issuer’s specific referral bonus, but it can be a substantial amount.
  • Limited-time-offer programs: These programs — for example, Amex Offers — allow you to earn more points on spending with specific retailers. To earn these offers, you can either go through your issuer’s branded shopping portal or log in to your account and activate any offers that you’re interested in. Then, you just simply have to meet the terms of the offer.

How to redeem credit card points

Every credit card rewards program is different, but most programs offer several common options for redeeming your rewards. Those options typically include:

  • Statement credits. With a statement credit, the issuer deposits the cash value of the redeemed points directly into your account balance. Not every issuer offers this option, so if that’s how you plan to redeem your rewards, be sure this perk is available to you before applying.
  • Travel purchases. With a travel rewards card, you can usually redeem your points for flights or hotel rooms through the issuer’s travel portal. American Express, Chase and Capital One all offer such travel portals. And most premium travel credit cards let you transfer your rewards to airline or hotel loyalty programs, which can provide you with more value for your points.
  • Shopping portals. Most issuers offer their own shopping portals through which you can redeem points for merchandise from partner retailers.
  • Online retailers. Some issuers allow you to redeem your points directly with online retailers, like Amazon. This is different from shopping portals, because you generally redeem at checkout with the merchant, rather than through an issuer’s shopping portal. While this can be a convenient way to use your rewards, it’s usually not the most lucrative.
  • Gift cards. Issuers may offer various gift card options, including major department stores, restaurants and more. Be aware that redeeming for gift cards generally won’t give you the best value for your points.
  • Charitable donations. Select issuers allow you to donate your points to a charity or a nonprofit organization. You can check if your issuer provides this option by logging in to your account and viewing your redemption options.

How much are credit card points worth?

Credit card points can have different values — it all depends on how an issuer’s points system works and how you redeem them. You’ll usually get a 1:1 redemption for many options — which means 1X point is equal to 1 cent — though credit card issuers may adjust that value at any time. Some options, like redeeming for gift cards or shopping with points on Amazon, provide less than 1 cent in value.

However, you may be able to get more than 1 cent in value for specific redemption options. For instance, if you earn the 75,000-point welcome bonus on the Chase Sapphire Preferred® Card (by spending $4,000 in the first three months), those points have a base value of $750. However, you can increase the value of your points with this card by 25 percent if you redeem them for travel through the Chase Travel portal. That means that your 75,000 points could be worth as much as $900.

Read your credit card’s fine print to learn how much your points are worth, and pay attention to whether point values go up or down depending on how you redeem them.

How to calculate points values

Determining your points value with a certain redemption option often takes some quick division: You’ll want to divide the dollar value of a booking by how many points you’d need to redeem for it. For example, if you’re looking at a $300 flight also available for 15,000 points, your point redemption value would be 2 cents per point — or a great deal!

You’ll sometimes get the most value for your credit card points and miles if you transfer and redeem them with airline partners.

Here are Bankrate’s latest points and miles valuations for some of the most popular credit card rewards programs.

Credit card rewards program Bankrate point value
American Express Membership Rewards 2.0 cents
Bank of America travel rewards 1.0 cents
Capital One miles 1.7 cents
Chase Ultimate Rewards 1.0 cents to around 2.0 cents (depends on the card)
Citi ThankYou Points 1.0 cents to around 1.6 cents (depends on the card)
Discover Miles 1.0 cents

The bottom line

Your earning structure, redemption options and points value will vary based on the card you’re using. That’s why you need to be strategic about how you redeem your credit card points. If your points are worth more as cash back than they would be if you redeemed them for gift cards, why not choose cash back?

Likewise, if your points value increases when you redeem them for travel purchases, it makes sense to save up your points for your next big trip. The better you understand how credit card points systems work, the more you’ll get out of your rewards — and be in a position to leverage the top rewards credit cards on the market. With a little practice, you’ll be able to fully maximize your credit card rewards.