With record-low mortgage rates, 19 million homeowners can refinance and save


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Even after a flood of mortgage refinancings in recent months, a stunning number of American homeowners can still benefit from a refi. Mortgage data firm Black Knight said Thursday that a record 19.3 million homeowners could save money by swapping out mortgages.

That represents 43 percent of all homeowners with 30-year loans. And the figure includes only homeowners defined by Black Knight as “high-quality refinance candidates.” Those are borrowers with credit scores of 720 or higher, who hold at least 20 percent equity in their homes, are current on their mortgage payments and who stand to shave at least 0.75 of a percentage point from their existing mortgages.

The average monthly savings for the 19.3 million refinance candidates is $299 – a total of $5.8 billion a month if all refinance candidates were to take advantage of the opportunity, Black Knight said.

Those eye-popping numbers are made possible by a historic decline in mortgage rates. Black Knight’s figures are based on Freddie Mac’s average 30-year rate, which this week fell to a record low of 2.86 percent.

According to Bankrate.com’s national survey of lenders, the average rate on a 30-year mortgage fell last week to an all-time low of 3.10 percent, including points and other origination costs. It ticked up to 3.11 percent this week. The gap with Freddie Mac’s number is because Bankrate’s figure includes points and origination fees averaging 0.33 percent, while Freddie’s number excludes those costs. Freddie Mac said its average is accompanied by an average of 0.8 of a point.

If you have a 30-year mortgage for $250,000 at 4 percent, your monthly payment is $1,194. Drop the rate to 3 percent, and the payment falls to $1,054, a savings of $140 a month. (Beware closing costs, however — they can add thousands of dollars to the price of refinancing.)

Rates are at record lows, but mortgages aren’t easy to get. Worried about the effects of the recession and the risks of elevated unemployment, banks have boosted requirements for credit scores and home equity, and they’re scrutinizing borrowers’ employment situations. Overall, lenders have tightened the availability of credit, the Mortgage Bankers Association said Thursday.

“Mortgage credit supply fell to its lowest level since March 2014, driven by a reduction in supply from both conventional and government segments of the market,” Joel Kan, MBA’s associate vice president of economic and industry forecasting, said in a statement.

What you can do

To score the best deal on a mortgage:

  • Shop around. Closing costs and rates vary by lender, so get three bids.
  • Understand the breakeven point. That’s the moment at which the savings in monthly payments offset the amount of the closing costs. This refinance calculator can help you decide.
  • Don’t chase the lowest rate. Yes, a low rate and paltry payment are good, but make sure those benefits aren’t overwhelmed by closing costs.

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