After moving up sharply for much of 2022, mortgage rates now are above 6 percent. Here’s a look at what could move markets this week.
On Tuesday, the U.S. Census Bureau and the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development jointly announce new residential sales statistics for August. In June and July, the report showed dramatic drops in sales volumes as the housing market cools. While the monthly release itself doesn’t drive mortgage rates, the data will give new insight into the shifting real estate conditions.
As always, mortgage rates and yields on 10-year government bonds will be joined at the hip. Mortgage rates rise and fall based on market sentiment, headlines and a variety of economic indicators. The math behind rates is complicated, but here’s one easy rule of thumb: The 30-year fixed-rate mortgage closely tracks the 10-year Treasury yield. When that rate goes up, the popular 30-year fixed-rate mortgage tends to do the same.
Rates for fixed mortgages are influenced by other factors, such as supply and demand. When mortgage lenders have too much business, they raise rates to decrease demand. When business is light, they tend to cut rates to attract more customers.
Ultimately, rates are set by the investors who buy your loan. Most U.S. mortgages are packaged as securities and resold to investors. Your lender offers you an interest rate that investors on the secondary market are willing to pay.