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Electric vehicles are no longer a far-flung thing of the future. Chances are, if you’re in the market for a new vehicle, there are more electric options available since the last time you shopped for a car. Ditching the fuel pump in favor of a plug-in hybrid or all-electric vehicle could be great for your wallet — and the environment. Bankrate’s insurance editorial team is here to give you a thorough look at some electric car benefits to help you decide if going green is right for you.
Key electric car facts and statistics
- In the first quarter of 2023, Americans purchased upward of 250,000 of electric vehicles (EVs). At this rate, it is expected that EV sales by the end of 2023 will exceed one million for the first time. (Kelley Blue Book)
- California led the way with the highest number of electric car registrations in 2022, accounting for around 37 percent of all EV sales. Florida has the second-most EV sales, followed by Texas. (U.S. Department of Energy, Electric Vehicle Registrations by State)
- By 2030, it is estimated that over one in four passenger vehicles sold will be electric. (S&P Global)
- Top automakers are expected to account for more than 70 percent of global EV production by 2030 — a significant increase from 2022, when they only represented 10 percent of EV manufacturers. (S&P Global)
- Roughly 96 percent of EV owners say they would buy or lease another one. (AAA)
- About 57 percent of consumers initially avoid EVs because they worry about running out of charge. In actuality, only about 5 percent of owners have run out of charge. (AAA)
How do electric cars work?
Traditionally, vehicles use an internal combustion engine that relies on gasoline for the energy to move and work correctly. An electric vehicle uses electric energy, which is stored in the battery packs within the vehicle. The battery packs provide the energy source for the electric motor. You can charge the battery packs for an electric vehicle by plugging into a standard outlet at home or a charging station while out on the road.
Not all electric vehicles operate the exact same way. Battery electric vehicles, usually referred to as EVs or electric cars, get their energy solely from charging battery packs. Hybrid electric vehicles, or HEVs, use a combination of the battery pack (which needs the electric charge) and an internal combustible engine, which relies on gasoline. HEV models do not plug in to charge the way an electric vehicle does. If you want a hybrid model that relies on a plug-in charge, you have to purchase a plug-in hybrid vehicle, or PHEV.
Electric vs. gas vehicle costs
Electric vehicles have become increasingly affordable. The average cost of an electric vehicle is $53,438, according to Kelley Blue Book data published in June 2023. This is about a 20 percent decrease from June 2022. To put this figure into context, the average cost of a new vehicle — whether it has a gasoline or electric engine — was $48,275 in April 2023.
Although the cost of an electric vehicle has decreased, the same cannot be said for all new vehicles. From June 2022 to June 2023, the cost of all new vehicles — electric, gasoline or otherwise — grew by 4.7 percent according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics.
Long-term benefits of owning an electric car
So, what are the benefits of buying an electric car? Saving money on gas, maintenance and insurance costs stand out as some of the major perks.
Save on gas
The average price of gas per gallon is $3.73 for regular, according to the latest data from AAA. Although this is down about 70 cents compared to a year earlier, the cost of gasoline can still take an uncomfortably large bite out of your budget. Electric cars use electricity as their primary source of energy. While electricity prices were up about 6 percent from June 2022 to June 2023, prices have generally remained more stable over time than gasoline prices.
To get the most accurate estimate of how much electricity it would cost to charge an EV, you can use a calculator like this one provided by the Alternative Fuels Data Center to compare the savings of charging versus filling, based on where you live and the vehicles you drive.
Save on maintenance
Maintenance costs are another major benefit of buying an electric car. Due to fewer parts and no need for oil changes, electric car owners typically make fewer trips to a mechanic. Research published by Consumer Reports shows electric vehicle owners can save between $6,000 and $10,000 in maintenance costs versus traditional gasoline vehicles. With an electric vehicle, there are no more tune-ups and oil changes to schedule, and you do not have the worry of the combustion engine breaking down like you do with gasoline-powered vehicles.
Keep insurance rates reasonable
In general, car insurance rates for electric cars tend to be slightly higher than gasoline-powered cars. However, like other insurance policies, shopping around and taking advantage of discounts could be useful in lowering costs. Safety equipment options, such as automation or lane assist, could qualify for additional discounts with insurance providers. Overall, more drivers on the road who are using safety features like lane assist or collision avoidance could potentially reduce the number of accidents due to human error. As electric vehicles become more common, the cost of some of the cars’ components may come down as well, which could lead to lower average car insurance rates.
Owning an electric vehicle significantly reduces your carbon footprint. The sustainability benefits are numerous, including:
- Electric vehicles do not produce any tailpipe emissions.
- Overall air quality is better for everyone when there are more electric vehicles on the road.
- EV companies typically use eco-friendly materials in the production process.
- Even when you count the manufacturing process, the greenhouse gas emissions associated with an electric vehicle over its lifetime are lower than the average emitted from a gasoline-powered vehicle.
- The possibility of reusing and recycling the batteries for electric vehicles is growing due to better technology.
States that offer electric car incentives
Purchasing a new electric car can be an expensive proposition. However, there are several federal, state and local incentives in place that could potentially offset some of these costs. These electric car incentives encourage buyers to buy more climate-friendly alternatives to gas-powered vehicles. It’s important to research what incentives are available in your state and through your local utility companies, but here are a few programs currently available:
- Tax credits: The U.S. government provides up to a $7,500 electric vehicle tax credit for electric vehicle purchases prior to 2022. The exact tax credit varies by brand and it should be noted that Tesla, Toyota, General Motors and Ford electric vehicles are being phased out of the tax credit program. To see if your vehicle qualifies for the tax credit, consult the IRS qualification criteria.
- State incentives: Currently, 45 states and the District of Columbia provide some level of incentive for purchasing an electric vehicle. There may be local incentives with your city government as well, such as incentive programs available in San Francisco, California, and Buffalo, New York, in addition to state programs.
- Utility incentives: Utility companies may offer their own incentives for electric vehicle owners. Check with your utility company to see if your vehicle is eligible.
- HOV access: Some cities, such as San Jose, California, and Atlanta, Georgia, offer HOV lane access for anyone driving an electric vehicle. These lanes are typically restricted to vehicles with two or more passengers but this requirement is not in place for EV drivers.
- Toll incentives: Some states offer toll reduction incentives for drivers of electric vehicles.
Charging stations in the U.S.
The federal government has pledged to increase the number of charging stations available in the U.S. The more stations available, the more confident electric vehicle owners may feel while out on the road. You can find a current list of charging stations through the Alternative Fuels Data Center.
Top 10 states for EV charging stations
|State||EV charging stations|
Tips for buying an electric car
If buying an electric car is in your future, there are a few steps you can take prior to buying to make ownership a more realistic possibility.
- Check how many charging stations are available in your area. Use the interactive map available through the Alternative Fuels Data Center to find the nearest charging station to your home, work or while traveling.
- Explore EV incentives available. There are several resources available online, including this database maintained by the Alternative Fuels Data Center, detailing the federal and state incentives available for buying an electric vehicle (or PHEV or HEV). You can also check with your local utility company for incentives.
- Once you have identified potential models, be sure to check out the vehicle’s operating range. It will be helpful to calculate how far a charge can take you and ensure it’s sufficient for your daily commute and other weekly commitments.
- Modify an outlet at home to optimize charging. You can charge an electric vehicle by simply plugging it into a standard outlet, but it takes up to 24 hours with some models. You can have an electrician install a 240-volt outlet instead, which will allow a charge to complete in four hours versus 24.
- Review maintenance requirements. One of the benefits of electric vehicles is the reduced amount of maintenance overall, but things do happen. Repair shops for EVs are still somewhat limited in many areas, so you may want to research which models require less maintenance.
Best electric cars
There are a variety of electric car models now available on the market. Here is a snapshot of the top-selling models in the U.S. based on 2022 car sales.
- Tesla Model Y: The Tesla Model Y is a compact SUV available in three trims: All Wheel Drive, Long Range and Performance. The 2023 Long Range model is capable of driving up to 330 miles on a single charge and has a starting MSRP of $50,490. The Performance series is capable of higher speeds but less of a driving range. The MSRP for the Performance series starts at $55,490.
- Tesla Model 3: The Tesla Model 3 is the entry-level Tesla and is considered a compact luxury sedan. There are three trim level options. Depending on the trim, the 3 is capable of driving 353 miles on a charge. The base MSRP starts at $40,240.
- Ford Mustang Mach-E: The Ford Mustang Mach-E compact SUV offers a quick and nimble response with 480 horsepower and can drive up to 312 miles on a charge. The base price starts at $44,795 for the 2023 model.
- Chevrolet Bolt: Chevrolet offers its electric Bolt in a subcompact hatchback EV version and a compact SUV version, aptly called an EUV. The base price for the 2023 EV starts at $26,500. The Bolt achieves a 259-mile range.
- Tesla Model X: With a starting MSRP of $98,490, the Tesla Model X is on the pricier end of the electric car spectrum. Available in two trim levels, regular and Plaid, the Model X has up to an EPA-estimated 348 miles of range.
Frequently asked questions
Depending on the kind of electric vehicle you have and when you purchased it, you may earn up to $7,500 back in the form of a tax credit. You can check the IRS’s website for a list of qualified vehicles. If your vehicle qualifies, you will need to fill out Form 8936 in order to receive the credit.
Buying an electric car can benefit both you and the planet. In addition to decreasing your carbon footprint, owning an electric car may also come with lower maintenance costs and a federal tax credit. Depending on your car insurance provider, you may also enjoy a lower car insurance rate for an electric vehicle.
The cost of car insurance for an electric car will depend on a myriad of things. Some electric vehicles may be more expensive up front to insure due to their expensive replacement parts, but they may also qualify for insurance discounts. The best ways to find cheap car insurance for an electric car are probably to shop around and compare quotes before committing to a policy.