Apple is an absolute giant in the tech space, and it became the world’s first company to be worth a trillion dollars by passing the milestone in 2018.
Although its valuation has slipped since this high-water mark, Apple occupies an enviable competitive position by selling consumer goods and services that many consider luxuries (such as the iPhone and MacBook) — allowing the company to charge premium prices on a large number of its products. The tech giant generated tens of billions in profit last year, and is well on the way to doing the same this year despite facing slowing growth.
Here’s how to buy shares of Apple stock and what to consider before you buy.
1. Analyze Apple and its financials
Analyzing a company’s competitive position and financials is probably the single hardest part of buying the stock, but it’s also the most important. The best place to begin is with the company’s Form 10-K, which is the annual report that all publicly traded companies must file with the SEC.
The 10-K can help you understand a lot about the company:
- how it makes money and how much
- its assets and liabilities
- its profitability trend over time
- the competitive landscape
- the various risks faced by the business
- the management team and how they’re incentivized
The annual report is a great first step at finding out about the company, but you’ll want to do more than this. You’ll want to study what other companies are doing to compete, for example. It’s important to have a broader perspective on the industry.
For example, Apple competes with the largest companies in the world, all of which have deep financial resources and can attract the smartest employees. Rivals include Microsoft, Google and Facebook where they battle for market share across various domains, such as smartphones, communication apps and office productivity software. Each company has its own agenda in the tech world, and that does not always coincide with how Apple is strategizing.
2. Does Apple make sense in your portfolio?
Apple has been a fantastic performer for many years, and in 2018 the company earned nearly $60 billion, about 50 percent more than it had just four years before. But you’ll need to keep an eye on this growth stock, because the tech world is all about disrupting the established players such as Apple. While legendary company Berkshire Hathaway owns millions of shares in the stock, that may not mean it’s right for you. Apple also pays shareholders a quarterly dividend, making it more attractive for certain investors.
So you’ll want to consider the following questions:
- Does a growth company fit your needs?
- Will you be able to continue analyzing the business as it grows?
- Given the stock’s volatility, will you be able to hold on if it drops or even buy more?
- Apple pays a dividend – does that fit your needs?
If you’re buying just a little bit of Apple as a starter position or to get some skin in the game, these considerations might not matter as much as when you take a full position.
3. How much can you afford to invest?
How much you can afford to invest has less to do with Apple than with your own personal financial situation. Stocks can be volatile. So to give your investment time to work out, you’ll likely want to be able to leave the money in the stock for at least three-to-five years. That means you should be able to live without the money for at least that length of time.
Committing to holding the stock for three-to-five years is important. You’d hate to have to sell the stock when it’s near a low only to watch it rebound much higher after you exited the position. By sticking to a long-term plan, you’ll be able to ride out the ups and downs of the stock.
If you’re investing in individual stocks, you’ll want to keep the percentage of any single position between three and five percent. This way you’re not heavily exposed to one investment breaking your portfolio. If the stock has more business risk, then you might choose an even lower percentage than this range.
In addition, rather than just committing a one-time sum of money to the stock, consider how you can add money to your position over time.
4. Open a brokerage account
While opening a brokerage account may sound like a difficult step, it’s actually quite easy, and you can have everything set up in 15 minutes or so.
You’ll want to select a broker that caters to your needs. Are you trading often or infrequently? Do you need a high level of service or research? Is cost the most important factor for you? If you’re buying a few stocks but investing mainly in funds, then a number of brokers specialize in offering commission-free trading for those funds.
After you’ve opened your account, you’ll want to fund it with enough money to buy Apple stock. But you can take care of this step completely online, and it’s simple.
5. Buy Apple stock
Once you’ve decided to buy Apple stock and you’ve opened and funded your brokerage account, you can set up your order. Use the company’s ticker symbol – AAPL – when you input your order.
Most brokers have a “trade ticket” at the bottom of each page, so you can enter your order. On the broker’s order form, you’ll input the symbol and how many shares you can afford. Then you’ll enter the order type: market or limit. A market order will buy the stock at whatever the current price is, while the limit order will execute only if the stock reaches the price that you specify.
If you’re buying just a few shares – and Apple has fluctuated from $140 to $230 or so over the last year – then stick with a market order. Even if you pay a little bit more now for a market order, it won’t affect the long-term performance much, if the stock continues to perform well.
Buying a stock can be exciting, but success won’t happen overnight. Investors should take a long-term perspective on their investments, and they should consider taking advantage of dollar-cost averaging, if they believe in the stock for the long haul.
With dollar-cost averaging, investors add a set amount of money to their position over time, and that really helps when a stock declines, allowing them to purchase more shares. High-flying stocks can dip from time-to-time, so the strategy can help you achieve a lower buy price and higher overall profits.
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