With over 1,000 tornadoes occurring each year, the United States experiences more tornadoes per year than any other country in the world. By comparison, Canada comes in at a distant second with just 100 tornadoes annually. Although the area known as tornado alley may be at the highest risk for damage, tornadoes often occur outside of these high-risk states.
Tornadoes cause an average of $10 billion in damage in the U.S. each year. Tornadic activity can cause a devastating amount of damage to homes; without the proper insurance coverage, you may have to shoulder the entire cost to repair or rebuild your home. Understanding how your homeowners insurance responds to tornado damage may be an important part of your financial plan.
When homeowners insurance covers tornado damage
Fortunately, tornado coverage is usually included in most homeowners insurance policies and does not need to be added separately the way that flood or earthquake insurance does. However, there may still be situations when homeowners need to add separate coverage for tornado damage. Reviewing your policy with your agent is a good way to understand the coverages on your policy and how they financially protect you.
There are three primary coverages on your home policy that respond to tornado damage:
- Dwelling coverage provides coverage for the structure of your home and any attached structures, such as decks or attached garages.
- Personal property coverage covers your personal belongings should they be damaged or destroyed. Some policies will provide for the replacement cost of personal belongings that are lost due to a tornado, while others will only provide the actual cost of personal belongings, with depreciation factored in.
- Loss of use coverage provides payment for temporary housing and other expenses, like laundromats and food costs, if you cannot live in your home after a loss.
Tornado coverage is usually a part of a standard homeowners insurance policy. However, homeowners living in areas where tornadoes are more common may pay more for their homeowners insurance, since the risk of damage is higher. There are also no specific exclusions for tornado occurrences in the vast majority of home insurance policies, and most renters policies also include tornado coverage for personal property. However, every policy and every company is different, so reviewing your policy and talking to your agent could be an important step in your tornado preparedness plan.
How to choose the right policy to cover for tornado damage
Given the high number of tornadoes that occur in the U.S. every year, obtaining coverage for tornado damage is an important step for most homeowners. The damage from a tornado can be severe in some cases, and a powerful tornado can even level a house.
Most homeowners insurance policies include damage from the wind — which is the primary cause of tornado damage — as part of the basic coverage. Homeowners can take the following steps to check that they are covered for tornado damage:
- Read your policy: Rather than simply filing your insurance policy when you receive it each year, you may want to take the time to read your policy in full. You may be enlightened regarding the details of your coverage.
- Talk to your agent: If you are unable to confirm that your policy covers tornado damage by reading, you may want to call your agent or a representative from your insurance company. They should be able to advise how your policy would react to damage caused by a tornado.
- Add additional coverage: Although homeowners insurance policies generally cover wind damage, there may be situations where you have to add the coverage separately as an endorsement or even by purchasing a separate policy. If you find that your policy does not include wind coverage automatically, you may want to consider adding it.
If you do need to add coverage for wind damage, it should be a relatively simple process. Your agent should be able to guide you through the process to obtain coverage for tornado damage.
The cost of tornado insurance
Because tornado damage is typically covered automatically in a home insurance policy, the cost of the coverage will depend largely on the amount of home insurance you carry. Factors that could affect the cost of your coverage include how expensive your home is, how much personal property coverage you need, how likely tornadoes are in your area and how many claims you have filed in the past.
If your homeowner’s policy requires you to add tornado coverage separately, there will be an additional cost to add the endorsement or policy. The cost of this rider will vary depending on your insurance company. There may also be a separate windstorm deductible that you must meet, which is often higher than your underlying homeowners insurance deductible.
How to prepare for tornado damage
Before a tornado strikes, there are a few things you can do to help lessen the risk of damage to your home and property.
Itemize your possessions
Before a tornado hits, you may want to go through your home and create an inventory of your belongings. Record a description of your belongings and the cost of each item and store this list in a safe place (such as your bank safety deposit box) so that you will have it handy in case you need to provide it to your insurance agent or carrier.
Prepare your home
Reinforcing windows and doors, making sure your roof is in good shape and locating your utility lines and shut-offs could help you respond more quickly if a tornado is coming. Although it is not likely that there will be a way to prevent all damage from tornadoes, there may be ways you can lessen the risk of severe damage.
Create a plan
Creating an emergency plan and making sure that everyone in your household understands the steps can help you to feel more prepared. Tornadoes can happen quickly, so knowing where your emergency supplies are, where to shelter and how to get information could help to keep you and your family safe.
What to do after a tornado hits
Itemize your damages and losses
If a tornado hits your home, you may have damage ranging from a few missing shingles to a completely destroyed house. Once it is safe to go outside, you can assess the damages by taking pictures and making a list of the items that were lost or destroyed. Having this information could help you to keep track of the damages as they are repaired and may be helpful if you file an insurance claim.
File a claim
If you have damage after a tornado, you may want to file a claim with your insurance carrier. You can usually do this by calling your agency or calling the company’s 800 number, but many companies also offer the ability to file a claim online or through an app. You will need to let the company know what kind of damage your home or belongings have sustained. An adjuster will be assigned to your loss and may come out to your home to review the damages before releasing payment.
Stay in touch
You will need to stay in regular communication with your claims adjuster to know what steps they need you to take in order to settle your claim. You may need to submit an estimate for the repairs, for example, or send in your home inventory for the items that are damaged. If you are not communicating clearly with your adjuster, the claims process could be slowed down.
Frequently asked questions
What is the best home insurance company?
Everyone has different needs when it comes to homeowners insurance, so there is no one company that is best for everyone. However, you may be able to find the best insurance company for your needs by getting quotes from several providers. This allows you to compare the prices, coverages and discounts that each company offers.
When is tornado damage not covered by my homeowners policy?
Every insurance company has different regulations, so it is difficult to say when tornado damage will and will not be covered. Talking to your insurance agent or a representative from your company is likely the best way to understand if your policy covers tornado damage.
Is tornado coverage required in my state?
There are no state-specific requirements for tornado coverage, but the vast majority of homeowners will probably want to consider this coverage. There are areas of the country that are at greater risk for tornadoes, but these damaging weather phenomena can occur anywhere.