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Climate scientists have sounded the alarm: as our world heats up, the last few hurricane seasons we’ve experienced in the U.S. may be a precursor for our future. Predictions show that the 2022 hurricane season could be abnormally active, with up to 10 hurricanes and three to six of those classified as major. This is on the back of the 2021 hurricane season, the third-worst ever recorded. Having a storm plan in place is an essential part of living in a hurricane-prone area, not only for your own safety but also for your home. Bankrate teaches you how to prepare your home for hurricane season to help you protect yourself from costly homeowners claims.
Preparing your home for a hurricane
There are multiple steps involved in preparing your home for hurricane season. Knowing what to do in advance could help to lessen your risk of damage during a hurricane. Make a plan to prepare yourself, your loved ones and your home for hurricane season by reviewing the following steps.
Review your insurance policy
Take the time to understand what your homeowners insurance policy covers and what it does not before you need to file a claim. Many policies include exclusions, and often you need to purchase endorsements or separate policies to obtain some coverages. Oftentimes, you will also have a separate hurricane deductible that is different from the deductible you carry for a standard claim. Calling your agent or insurance company to review your policy prior to hurricane season is a good practice. If you find that you need additional coverage, you have the time to request quotes to obtain the coverage you need.
Secure and seal your roof
Roof damage is common in hurricanes, since roofs are exposed to the ferocious wind and driving rain of the storms. After a hurricane, you may find that your roof is missing shingles or decking. You may discover leaks inside your home or notice that your roof is sagging. Water can damage the structure of your roof, increasing the chances of a leak or roof collapse.
Before hurricane season starts, have your roof inspected. You may want to have truss tie-downs, also known as hurricane straps, installed to fortify your roof against high winds. You may also want to:
- Check the gable bracing and replace any loose or missing braces.
- Search for and seal cracks and other areas that are at risk for leaks.
- Replace, nail or caulk loose shingles to reduce the chances they will blow away during gale-force winds, exposing your roof to rain and water damage.
Taking the time to prepare your roof for hurricane season is well worth it.
Shield your doors and windows
Doors and windows are at greater risk of damage than other parts of a home during high winds. One common cause of damage is flying projectiles, such as patio furniture or broken tree limbs.
One of the most effective ways to reduce the risk of storm damage to doors and windows is by installing storm shutters before hurricane season begins. If storm shutters are outside of your budget, affixing sheets of plywood over your windows and doors before a hurricane could help to seal these vulnerable areas.
Secure outdoor structures and furnishings or bring them inside
To reduce the chances of losing them due to high winds, make sure structures such as carports and tool sheds are well-anchored. Patio furniture, potted plants, barbeque grills and other items should be brought inside or otherwise anchored. Left loose, they could become projectiles during the storm and could damage your home or the homes of others.
Prepare an emergency kit
The aftermath of a hurricane presents different considerations than during the storm itself. Your electricity and water might be off for days. In October 2018, Hurricane Michael caused 1.7 million electricity outages across six states. In some areas, the power was out for over a week.
Having an emergency kit can help to prepare you for the aftermath of a hurricane, including for the possibility of an extended period of time without electricity or running water. Emergency kits should include:
- A radio
- Spare batteries
- A charged cell phone and back-up battery
- Wrench or pliers to turn utilities, such as your gas line, off
- A fire extinguisher
- Matches or a lighter in a waterproof bag
- Important documents in a waterproof bag
- Cash (in case ATM machines are down and banks are closed)
- First aid items, such as aspirin, bandages and antibiotic ointment
- Prescription medications
- Mosquito repellent
- Water and non-perishable foods
- Pet food and medication
- Extra gasoline if you have a gas-powered generator
- Full tank of gas in your car in case the electricity is out at your local gas stations
You may also want to consider how you will cook if the power is out or plan meals that do not need cooking. Since many restaurants may be out of power after a storm, it’s best not to rely on the possibility of takeout. Instead, use your barbeque grill (if you have one). Be sure to update your hurricane preparedness kit before the start of every hurricane season and keep the items in a safe, dry place.
Make an evacuation plan
If the local authorities advise it, you may need to evacuate from your property during a hurricane. Having an evacuation plan is crucial. Your plan might include where you will go, what you will take, how you will get there and how to ensure family members are safe.
If there is a hurricane warning for your area, make sure you are prepared to evacuate. It is generally better to have a plan and not need it than to be caught unprepared. Do not forget to include your pets in the evacuation plan; if your house is no longer safe for you, it likely is not safe for them.
Consider purchasing flood insurance
Flooding is generally not covered by a standard homeowners insurance policy. If you live in a hurricane zone, flood insurance may be a smart choice. The average cost of flood insurance is about $700 per year. Be aware, however, that flood insurance costs vary even within states. If you are in an area that is especially prone to flooding, you may pay more than your state’s average. Similarly, if your home is elevated or has other flood-mitigation measures in place, you may pay less.
A flood insurance policy should not (and cannot) be a last-minute purchase. Generally, there is a 30-day waiting period before your policy goes into effect after purchasing coverage through the National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP). This waiting period prevents people from buying a policy to cover a specific incoming storm.
Additionally, insurance companies will typically issue a moratorium in advance of a hurricane. A moratorium halts the sale of new policies or puts a restriction on adding additional coverage. For instance, if a hurricane is on the horizon, your homeowners insurance company may restrict you from lowering your hurricane deductible until the storm has passed.
To put it simply, you can think of flood insurance waiting periods and insurance moratoriums as a way for insurance companies to avoid paying for the “preexisting condition” of a forecasted hurricane.
Hurricane safety tips
Before hurricane season starts, complete a check of your entire home. You may want to look for holes, gaps and openings and fill them. You might tighten screws and replace any damaged brackets or braces. Essentially, you want your home to be in the best shape possible. If you do not feel up to completing a comprehensive review of your home’s hurricane preparedness, a licensed contractor should be able to help you.
A few final preparation tips:
- Do not tape windows or glass doors. Placing a tape X on glass surfaces will not keep them from shattering and is a waste of valuable time, according to NOAA.
- Plan to evacuate a mobile home. Even if you have a newer manufactured home built to withstand higher wind speeds, most officials recommend that you still evacuate and take shelter in a more solid structure for the duration of the storm.
- Prepare for high-rise pressure changes. If you live in a high-rise building, be aware that wind pressure increases with height.
- Trim your trees. Cut back your trees so they do not hit your house, and do it early enough so the trimmings can be cleared away before a hurricane. Otherwise, they could become projectiles in a major storm.
- Get some sandbags. Most municipalities will give away sandbags a few days before the storm makes landfall. Placing sandbags in front of your doors can help keep water out of your home.
- Consider investing in a generator in case the power goes out. It can extend the life of your refrigerated and frozen foods, allow you to charge your devices or give you the option to run a fan or air conditioner for comfort.
- Fill your bathtub with water. If your power goes out, your water pump will also stop working. That means those on well water should fill their bathtubs with water before the storm hits. Although this water won’t be potable, you can use it for flushing the toilet and general cleaning.
- Clean your house and wash your sheets. It may be days or weeks before your power is restored after a hurricane. A clean house and freshly washed sheets can make living in a hot, humid house a little more tolerable (and cut back on any odors, too).
Giving yourself time to prepare for hurricane season is critical. Taking steps to secure your home and form a plan for yourself and your family can make a huge difference in what you have to handle in the aftermath of a storm. Knowing the steps you need to take to safeguard your home and having the items that will help you navigate a storm safely will help you get through the hurricane season year after year.