What is a flood elevation certificate?
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If you are shopping for a flood insurance policy, you know that the coverage can be pricey if you’re in a higher-risk flood zone. To help offset this, you could consider a flood elevation certificate. This document gives a more in-depth view of your flood risk and could potentially lower your flood insurance premium. But what’s included in an elevation certificate, and how much does an elevation certificate cost? Bankrate has the answers.
What is a flood elevation certificate?
A flood elevation certificate describes in detail how susceptible your home may be to flooding. Elevation certificates essentially measure how likely a home is to be affected by a flood. You can see a sample elevation certificate on the Federal Emergency Management Agency’s (FEMA) website.
Elevation certificates assess the risk of future flood damage by examining your home’s:
- Flood zone
With these details documented, the National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP) and private flood insurance providers can evaluate how likely it is that flood waters could damage your home. This helps these organizations, along with financial institutions like mortgage companies, determine your home’s level of risk. Flood insurance companies then use your specific risk level to determine your premium.
When do you need an elevation certificate?
If an elevation certificate is required, your mortgage lender or insurance company should advise you of the requirement. That said, there are some cases where you may want to consider getting an elevation certificate even if it is not required.
You may need or want to obtain an elevation certificate if:
- Your home is located in a historic floodplain. If your home is located in a historic floodplain — meaning it has been flooded multiple times over the course of 100 years — you will most likely need an elevation certificate to purchase the home or flood insurance.
- You are buying a National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP) policy. If you purchase flood insurance through the NFIP, an elevation certificate may be required before you can be approved for coverage.
- The federal government is involved. If your home loan is going to be insured or issued by the U.S. government, an elevation certificate may be required before the loan will be approved.
- Your lender requires flood insurance. Your mortgage lender may require you to purchase flood insurance if your home is in a flood plain. An elevation certificate could be useful in a few ways. If you do not believe your home needs flood insurance, an elevation certificate could help back up your claim. After you get the certificate, you can then submit a request to get a Letter of Map Amendment (LOMA), which may allow you to bypass your lender’s flood insurance requirement by removing your home from a FEMA-designated flood zone. If your home is significantly elevated, you may still need flood insurance but an elevation certificate could drastically reduce your premium.
If you are unsure if you need an elevation certificate, talk to your mortgage lender or insurance agent for clarification. Your agent may also be able to clarify if an elevation certificate could lower your flood insurance premium.
How do you get an elevation certificate?
Each state has a floodplain manager who will likely be able to help you if you are wondering how to get an elevation certificate. You can contact your state’s floodplain manager and ask if your home already has an elevation certificate. If you are purchasing a home, the sellers might also have a copy of a current certification.
However, if your home does not already have an elevation certificate and you need or want to obtain one, you have a few options. A certified engineer, a state-licensed surveyor or a certified architect should be able to examine your home and provide you with an elevation certificate. Just be sure that whoever you choose to hire is certified to provide their services for an elevation certificate; not everyone has the proper training to do so.
FEMA suggests homebuyers or homeowners check with their state’s professional association of land surveyors. There may be a surveyor close by who can assist you.
How much does an elevation certificate cost?
Every individual engineer, surveyor and architect sets their own rates, so the cost of your elevation certificate will vary. Factors like your home’s construction and its location could also affect your elevation certificate cost.
Other factors that could affect your elevation survey cost include:
- The building’s structural details: If you have a basement or crawlspace, these areas may need to be measured and accessed, which may be difficult depending on the home.
- The building’s location: If your home is difficult to access or GPS does not function properly at the property, your elevation certificate may be more expensive. Many tools that surveyors use rely on GPS data.
- The building’s occupancy type: If the property is used for commercial purposes, the cost of the certificate may increase significantly. This is because mechanical structures, such as elevators, require different measurements and considerations than a residential property.
- Your requested turnaround time: Elevation certificates require time and careful measurements. If you need a certificate quickly, it could put additional constraints on the surveyor, which can lead to higher costs.
Whether you are required to have an elevation certificate or you are obtaining one willingly, knowing the details about the process can be helpful. Since homeowners insurance does not typically cover flood damage and a separate flood insurance policy is usually needed, insurance costs can add up quickly. An elevation certificate may help you to lower the cost of your flood insurance policy.
Frequently asked questions
It could be. The National Flood Insurance Program may require an elevation certificate before approving your policy. If your lender requires you to purchase flood insurance before it will approve a loan, you may want to contact a local licensed land surveyor or see if the home already has an elevation certificate.
No. An elevation certificate is a document that shows how likely your home is to be damaged by flood waters. It analyzes elements like the elevation of your structure, the features of your building and the flood-mitigation features you may have installed. A land survey is a document that specifies the exact boundaries of your land. While it may include topographical information, a land survey doesn’t take your building’s specific features into account. However, if you’re getting a land survey, the surveyor might be able to complete an elevation certificate at the same time.
It could. If you don’t have an elevation certificate, your flood insurance rate will be largely based on the flood zone your home is in. But what if you’re in a high-risk flood zone and your home sits at the top of a large hill? Or the home is elevated on stilts? The only way to showcase the actual elevation of your home — the level to which it sits above potential flood waters — is to get an elevation certificate. If the certificate shows that, although your home may be in a high-risk flood zone, it’s elevated enough that flood damage is unlikely, you’ll probably get a lower rate.