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Can you insure a car that is not in your name?

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There are several reasons you might be driving a car you do not own. Maybe your car broke down, and you are borrowing a vehicle from a friend or family member. Or perhaps someone gifted you a car and put the registration in their name. In any case, you may be wondering if you can insure the car you are driving even if you do not own it. In most situations, you cannot insure a vehicle that you do not own.

Can you insure a car without the title being in your name?

Generally, you cannot insure a vehicle that you do not own. To fully understand that answer, you need to understand how insurance works.

Insurable interest

Insurance is a financial product. Although you are “covering” your vehicle, your insurance does not prevent the damage from happening. However, having auto insurance coverage provides you with financial protection by helping cover the claims expenses if you are involved in an accident.

Because auto insurance will pay for damage that you cause or damage to your own vehicle (depending on the type of coverage you have), you must have what is called insurable interest in the vehicle. This means that you must have a financial stake in the vehicle you insure. If the vehicle is not registered to you, you have no insurable interest in it and cannot insure it.

Auto insurance claims

When an auto insurance claim is paid, funds disbursed by the insurer for the vehicle’s damage are paid to the insurance policyholder. If you were permitted to insure a car you do not own, you could potentially receive money for damage to a vehicle you have no financial stake in.

Think of it this way: You borrow a friend’s car and hit a pole. If you were able to insure the car, you could file a claim under your collision insurance and be paid for the damage, even though your friend is the one with the financial stake in the vehicle — they paid for it. Because you have no financial stake in the car, you have no right to any claim payout from the insurer.

Insurance for non-owned vehicles

Now that you understand why you cannot insure a car that is not in your name, we should discuss some common situations where you might want auto insurance for a car you do not own and what you can do to get the coverage you need.

Renting a vehicle

If you are renting a vehicle, you have a few options for auto insurance coverage. If you have an auto insurance policy on another vehicle, often your coverage limits will transfer to a rental car. However, if you do not have full coverage auto insurance, which includes optional comprehensive and collision insurance, your rental car would be left without coverage for repairs if damaged. There would be no coverage if the vehicle is stolen or vandalized either.

If you are renting a car but do not have an insurance policy on another vehicle or insurance coverage to repair the rental car from a covered claim, you should consider buying the insurance offered by the rental company. In fact, if you cannot show proof of coverage on another car, you may be required to buy the rental company’s coverage before you can rent the vehicle.

Borrowing a car from a friend or family member

Before driving a vehicle that has been loaned to you, ask your friend or family member to talk to their insurance company. Generally, you will be covered by their auto insurance policy even if you are not listed as a regular driver on the vehicle. This is called “permissive use:” the vehicle owner and the auto insurer are permitting you to drive the vehicle temporarily, so insurance coverage extends to you while using that vehicle.

If you are using a borrowed car for an extended period, you may need to be listed as a driver on the auto policy. Additionally, the vehicle’s garaging address may need to be updated to your address so that the policy can be rated correctly. Regularly using a borrowed car — the definition of which will vary by company — and failing to notify the insurance company could result in a claim being denied for misrepresentation, so it is important to be transparent about the situation.

Being given a vehicle as a gift

Perhaps your parents or grandparents just purchased a new car and have agreed to give you their old vehicle as a gift. They may offer to keep the vehicle insured, but is that the correct way to handle the situation?

It depends on your living situation and age. If you still live in the same household as your parents (or whoever gave you the vehicle) and you are a minor, you may be able to keep the vehicle insured on your parents’ policy and add yourself as the vehicle owner.

However, if you are 18 years old, or live at a different location, you will likely need to get your own auto insurance policy. Insurance companies know that vehicle registration and insurance changes do not happen overnight, so leaving the vehicle insured on the prior owner’s policy for a few weeks might be acceptable. However, you should do your best to get an insurance policy on the vehicle in your name as soon as possible and then register and title the vehicle to you.

Company cars

If you work for a company that has given you a vehicle to drive, you might be wondering if you need to buy auto insurance. Typically, your employer will be the owner of the vehicle, meaning that you have no insurable interest in it. You will likely be added to your employer’s business auto insurance policy as a driver. You are not expected, or able, to take out a personal auto policy on a corporate vehicle that you do not own.

However, if you own a business and purchase a company vehicle, you will need to purchase business auto insurance coverage. The vehicle will need to be insured as a business auto rather than a personal one. If your business is the registered owner of the vehicle, the insurance policy will need to be in the company’s name.

Frequently asked questions

Do I need car insurance if I do not own a car?

Legally, you probably do not need to buy auto insurance if you do not own a car. However, if you frequently rent cars or drive someone else’s car, it may be a good idea to buy a non-owner policy. These policies, also called named-operator policies, provide a few coverages to you as a driver without insuring a car. Usually, these policies include liability coverage but may also provide you with medical payments and/or personal injury protection (PIP), as well as uninsured and underinsured motorist coverage.

What is the best car insurance company?

The best car insurance company for you will depend on your specific situation and rating factors. Your age, gender, credit history, type of car you drive, coverages you choose and discounts you are looking for will typically influence which auto insurance company is best for you.

How much does car insurance cost?

The average cost of full coverage car insurance in the U.S. is $1,674 per year. However, the amount you pay will depend on the same rating factors that help you determine what company is best for you. Getting quotes from several companies might help you find the cheapest coverage for your needs.

Written by
Cate Deventer
Insurance Writer & Editor
Cate Deventer is a writer, editor and insurance professional with over a decade of experience in the insurance industry as a licensed insurance agent.
Edited by
Managing Editor
Reviewed by
Director of corporate communications, Insurance Information Institute