Improving your diet and health are common New Year’s resolutions. But improving your financial health needs to be a priority, too.
“What people don’t realize is your finances really affect every part of your life – your relationships, how you feel about yourself,” says Crystal Rau, certified financial planner at Beyond Balanced Financial Planning. “And so, just like going to the gym and feeling better about yourself, focusing on your finances can really do a lot to have a better year.”
Make 2020 the year you take your savings to the next level. Here are six ways to save more this year.
1. Automate everything
You can’t forget to save if it’s automated. Whether it’s your 401(k) contribution taken pre-tax from your salary, or automatic transfers from your checking account into a savings account or money market account, automating will help you save without even thinking about it.
Lauren Zangardi Haynes, CIMA, certified financial planner at Spark Financial Advisors, says your employer may be able to also split your paycheck so it goes into both your checking account and a savings account.
“And then you can automatically transfer that money to an investment account, or to an IRA, or to a Roth IRA,” Zangardi Haynes says.
2. Evaluate your banking
Take a look at your savings account to make sure that you’re earning a competitive annual percentage yield (APY).
Also, take a look at your checking account. If you’re incurring a monthly maintenance fee for going under a required minimum balance, you should be able to find a way to avoid that – whether through a low minimum balance checking account or by having a recurring direct deposit.
3. Attack your debt
If you have any debt, make paying this off a priority. The interest you’re paying on a credit card is likely a lot more than what you’re earning on a savings account. (Balance transfer cards or ones with zero percent introductory periods are exceptions.)
“If you have any credit card debt, you need to pay that off immediately without even considering anything else,” says Amy Hubble, Ph.D., CFA, certified financial planner at Radix Financial LLC.
The Federal Reserve cut rates three times in 2019, which did cut the Wall Street Journal Prime Rate. The prime rate directly impacts most variable credit card annual percentage rates (APRs). But these decreases haven’t made much of an impact on credit card interest rates so far.
On Dec. 19, 2018, Bankrate’s average purchase APR for all credit cards was 17.59 percent. Nearly a year later, on Dec. 18, it stood at 17.36 percent.
The APR decreased slightly, but not enough to make a meaningful difference. You can’t just hope that APRs decrease. Paying off your debt and not running a balance are the only sure ways to avoid paying credit card interest.
4. Maximize your cash back
When you make your purchases in 2020, make sure you’re being rewarded for them with cash back.
Weigh whether you’d be better off earning more cash back with a credit card that has an annual fee but higher cash-back rewards, or a no-annual fee card that has a lower cash-back percentage.
Most bank debit cards don’t let you earn cash back. So in most cases, using a credit card for purchases is going to help you save money throughout the year. Credit card companies will often let you apply cash back toward your balance or some may let you directly transfer it to your checking account.
There’s more to it than just choosing the right card.
Credit card shopping portals are also places where you can potentially maximize your cash back. By going through your credit card’s website or through a site such as Rakuten, formerly known as Ebates, you can potentially earn more than your usual cash back. On a site like Rakuten, you’re earning cash back in addition to what you earn on your cash-back credit card.
5. Evaluate your budget
The new year is a great time to make sure you’re not overpaying or paying for monthly items that aren’t being used. Go through your budget – or monthly expenses if you don’t have a budget. It’s easy to start a budget — and it can help you maximize your savings. See if there are areas of opportunity, such as cutting back on dining out or on coffee or other spending, that adds up over time. Also, go through your budget and try to renegotiate items, Rau says.
“I check our insurance just to make sure we’re still getting the best rate for the coverages that we’re carrying,” Rau says. “It’s just about doing a reset every year, just to make sure you’re getting the best deal and you’re taking advantage of all those things that are offered to you.”
6. Review your employee benefits
Even though open enrollment likely already happened for 2020, you may be able to adjust some options – such as how much you contribute to your employer-sponsored retirement plan, like a 401(k).
Adjusting your withholding for taxes or how much you’re putting away for retirement – which may reduce your taxable income – is a way to potentially save money, Rau says. Consult with a tax adviser to make sure that your strategy makes sense to save money on taxes.