Key takeaways

  • Most homeowners insurance policies do not cover animal damage, but there are exceptions for accidents such as a deer damaging a fence or a bird breaking a window.
  • Potential animal risks depend on where you live. Understanding local wildlife may help you better tailor your coverage and protect your home from damage.
  • Damage caused by pets is typically not covered by homeowners insurance policies, though some policies may cover injuries caused to others by a pet.

Animals like rodents, insects and other creatures can cause a lot of damage to your property. Homeowners insurance financially protects your home from specific sources of damage, but in most cases, home insurance policies do not cover loss resulting from animal damage. For that reason, it’s important to understand your coverage and be proactive about protecting your home from animal damage.

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Does home insurance cover animal damage?

Most standard homeowners insurance policies exclude damage from neglect, which may include failing to notice an animal infestation. While most animal damage is not covered by homeowners insurance, some perils may be covered if they are sudden and accidental. For example, if a deer suddenly runs through your front yard, breaking part of your fence, this may be covered by your other structures coverage. Similarly, if a large bird flies into your window and cracks it, this may be covered under your dwelling coverage. 

How wild animals might damage your home

Wild animals come in all shapes and sizes, as does the damage they can cause. The potential damage animals could cause to your home is largely dependent on where you live. For example, if you live in the southern part of the U.S., where the climate is more mild, you may have to be more aware of termites, but if you have a vacation home in a rural mountainous area, bears may be top of mind. Below we have a list of some common types of animal damage and how you may be able to prevent it.

  • Raccoons: These creatures can cause damage if they get into chimneys and attics. They can tear up air ducts and tear and chew through paper insulation, wood and electrical wires. Raccoons will also leave feces and urine, which requires cleaning and should be done carefully to prevent the spread of disease. You can prevent raccoon damage by checking crawl spaces frequently and investigating any strange noises in your walls, ceilings or chimney.
  • Squirrels: Although squirrels are small, their chewing and nesting may cause damage to your wood, shingles, wiring, plastic and insulation. Checking your home regularly and investigating any strange noises may help prevent squirrel damage, especially if you see them around your property frequently.
  • Rodents: Mice and rats typically leave behind droppings to indicate their presence. You may be able to handle a rodent infestation yourself, but if the problem is severe, a professional service may be required.
  • Birds: Birds may not look like they could cause damage to your home, but you may be surprised. Woodpeckers, for example, can damage siding and potentially expose your home to the elements. If a bird gets inside, their feces and urine could also pose health problems, and they could damage insulation or other materials to make nests.
  • Large wild animals: As large animals like deer and bears are more noticeable, the damage they cause is typically less gradual than damage from an insect or rodent infestation. For this reason, large animal damage, like broken fences, windows or siding, may be covered by your insurance company. If you live in a more rural area where large wild animals are a concern, you may want to speak with your insurer to learn what damage is and isn’t covered.

How insects might damage your home

Insects may be some of the smallest animals, but the damage they can cause over time could be devastating. Structural damage is a big concern with certain insects, and unfortunately, most insurance companies exclude damage from pests like termites.

  • Bedbugs: Although they do not pose a severe threat to the structure of your home, bedbugs can wreak havoc on your personal belongings. An infestation of bedbugs is generally considered a maintenance issue, with heat treatment being one of the few ways to get rid of them. You may be able to prevent the spread of bedbugs in your home by thoroughly washing any linens, furniture or other fabric items before bringing them into your home.
  • Ants: Carpenter ants are most common in the Northeastern states and the damage they cause can be mistaken for termite damage. Carpenter ants eat through soggy wood to make their nests and may indicate a larger water leak. Damage from carpenter ants is usually not covered by homeowners insurance, but if carpenter ants cause a tree to fall on your home, your dwelling coverage may provide coverage for the damage.
  • Termites: Termites cause billions of dollars in structural damage in the U.S. each year. Fortunately, being vigilant and taking some preventative measures may help you avoid a termite infestation. Maintaining good drainage on your property, keeping wood piles and debris away from your home, fixing leaks promptly and clearing shrubs and plants away from the side of your home may all help prevent termite damage in your home.

Is pet damage covered by homeowners insurance?

Unfortunately, some of the most common instances of animal damage are the result of the animals we bring into our homes willingly. Pets, like dogs and cats, can easily cause damage to your structure and personal property. Unfortunately, damage from pets is excluded from standard homeowners insurance policies, so if your new puppy chews through a baseboard, you will likely have to pay for the damage out of pocket.

However, there is one coverage that may cover damage caused by your pet: personal liability. If your pet bites someone who is not a household member and causes injuries, your liability insurance may cover their medical bills. If they sue you, the legal fees and representation could be covered as well. Read your homeowners insurance policy carefully, as there could be restrictions or exclusions for certain pets or breeds. This is why most home insurance companies require you to disclose any pets you own when you apply for coverage. If you own a pet, you might consider purchasing extra liability protection with a personal umbrella policy.

How can I prevent animal damage in my home?

In general, being proactive is one of the best ways to prevent animal damage in your home. There are a number of steps you can take to protect your home from animal damage and limit your risk of attracting potentially damaging pests:

  • Secure access points: Seal off attics, crawl spaces, chimneys and any other potential entry points to keep animals from getting inside and causing damage
  • Limit standing water: Bugs and pests are drawn to standing water, so check your home regularly for areas where water might be gathering and address the issue.
  • Perform regular inspections and proactive protection: Monitoring your home, including attics and crawl spaces, for signs of animal activity can help you identify issues early and limit the scope of damage.
  • Hire professional pest control: Especially if you’ve dealt with animal infestations in the past, you might consider hiring a pest control company for comprehensive treatment of your property.

Frequently asked questions

    • Not usually. Homeowners insurance typically does not cover backyard animals or any damage they may cause to your property. Structures associated with those animals (chicken coops or barns, for example), may be covered by the other structures coverage of your homeowners insurance policy and financially protected from covered perils or perils not specifically excluded from your homeowners insurance policy.
    • Your renters insurance policy might cover animal damage if your pet causes damage to someone else or their property. Circumstances tend to be different if a pet or other animal causes damage to the property you’re renting. Checking with your renters insurance company is likely the best way to understand what animal damage may be covered by your policy.
    • Your auto insurance may cover damage to your vehicle from an animal if you carry comprehensive coverage. Also called “other than collision coverage,” comprehensive coverage is designed to financially protect your vehicle from damage caused by something other than hitting another vehicle. For example, comprehensive coverage typically covers damage from hitting a deer or a bird flying into your windshield. Comprehensive coverage may also cover damage from pests, like a rat chewing through wiring, but you may want to contact your insurer to check what is covered by your policy.