Investors and those following the movement of interest rates look at the movement of Treasury yields as an indicator of things to come. Their rates are considered an important benchmark: Because Treasury securities are backed by the full faith and credit of the U.S. Treasury, they represent the rate at which investment is considered risk-free.

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Treasury securities Updated: 07/05/2022
This week Month ago Year ago
One-Year Treasury Constant Maturity 2.79 2.26 0.08
91-day T-bill auction avg disc rate 1.75 1.23 0.05
182-day T-bill auction avg disc rate 2.50 1.71 0.06
Two-Year Treasury Constant Maturity 3.10 2.75 0.27
Five-Year Treasury Constant Maturity 3.25 2.99 0.89
Ten-Year Treasury Constant Maturity 3.20 2.98 1.49
One-Year CMT (Monthly) 2.65 2.06 0.05
One-Year MTA 0.86 0.64 0.11

Ratings methodology

Since investors in riskier investments command a higher return as compensation, the yields on many bonds and money market instruments are priced at a spread over the corresponding risk-free Treasury rate. Yields on money markets and certificates of deposit are often priced relative to yields on Treasuries of a similar length. Adjustable rate mortgages can be indexed to the one-year Treasury. Fixed mortgage rates are closely linked to movements in long-term Treasury yields, as mortgages are often packaged together and sold as mortgage-backed bonds. Yields on short-term Treasuries can behave differently from yields on longer-term Treasuries.

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