Leasing a car gives you a vehicle to drive for a fixed number of miles and months. It’s similar to renting an apartment instead of buying a house. There is less long-term commitment involved, but you still have to pay for it.
The monthly cost of leasing a car is often lower than buying it with an auto loan. Drivers saved an average of $103 per monthly payment on the top 10 most commonly leased vehicles, according to Experian’s State of the Automotive Finance Market report in the first quarter of 2020. However, there are a number of downsides to be aware of. Here’s how car leasing works and mistakes you should avoid.
How leasing a car works
Leasing a car typically comes with a three-year or four-year contract, and your monthly payments cover, among other items, the expected depreciation value of the car.
The dealer will analyze the value of the new car versus its residual value (what it should be worth when your lease expires) to calculate your payments. For example, if you lease a $30,000 new vehicle and the dealer estimates it will be worth $18,000 in three years, you’ll pay $333 a month to cover the depreciation.
You’ll pay finance charges, too. And as is the case with a purchase involving a loan, the higher your credit score, the lower your interest rate. You’ll also have to pay a small amount of money before you drive off the lot to cover taxes and a range of fees. If you want to lock in lower monthly payments throughout the lease, you can consider putting additional money down.
During your lease, you have to take care of the car and follow the manufacturer’s recommended service schedule. When you return it at the end of the lease (you may also have the option to buy it), the dealer has a vehicle that can be resold as a used or certified pre-owned car.
How leasing is different from buying a car
If you’re comparing leasing vs. buying a car, the big upside of leasing is a lower monthly payment, which helps you manage your regular finances and stick to a budget. And if you’re hoping to drive a new high-end car, chances are your monthly lease payments will be more affordable than making a big down payment to buy it and paying off the loan.
The downside? The car isn’t really yours. When the lease is up, you’ll have to find a new vehicle or buy out your leased vehicle. You also may have to pay a vehicle turn-in fee if you don’t lease another car from the dealer.
Mistakes to avoid when leasing a car
Leasing can lower your payments, but it can wind up being very costly if you don’t pay attention to the fine print. Avoid these five common mistakes if you decide to lease your next vehicle:
- Paying too much money upfront
- Not buying gap insurance
- Underestimating how many miles you’ll put on the car
- Not maintaining the car
- Leasing the car for too long
1. Paying too much money upfront
Car dealers advertise low monthly lease payments on new vehicles, but you may have to pay several thousand dollars upfront to get that affordable payment. That money covers a portion of the lease in advance.
If the car is wrecked or stolen within the first few months, your insurance company would reimburse the leasing company for the value of the car, but the money you paid in advance likely would not be refunded to you. You’d be out of a car, and that upfront money you handed over to the leasing company would essentially disappear.
It’s recommended you spend no more than about $2,000 upfront when you lease a car. In some cases, it may make sense to put nothing down and roll all of your fee costs into the monthly lease payment. If something happens to the vehicle before the end of the term, at least the leasing company doesn’t have a big chunk of your cash.
2. Not buying gap insurance
If you drive a leased car, you should pay for gap insurance. The “gap” refers to the difference in what you still owe on your lease and the value of the car.
Let’s say your contract states that at the end of the lease, you have the option of buying the car for $13,000. If you total the car before the lease expires, your insurance company will determine the current market value of the car and pay that amount to the dealership, which owns the vehicle.
If the insurance company says the market value is only $9,000, you’ll probably have to pay $4,000 out of pocket to cover the difference between the lease contract’s residual value and the true market value — unless you have gap insurance. The gap coverage will cover the difference.
Many leases include gap insurance. The dealer may offer to sell you gap insurance, but according to the Insurance Information Institute (III), you may find a cheaper policy option with a traditional insurance company. Regardless, the coverage is well worth the small investment; the III says that gap insurance adds only around $20 per year to comprehensive and collision coverage.
3. Underestimating how many miles you’ll put on a car
It’s common for leasing contracts to have annual mileage limits of 10,000, 12,000 or 15,000 miles. If you exceed those mileage limits, you could be charged up to 30 cents per additional mile at the end of the lease.
For example, if you exceed the mileage limit by 5,000 miles, you could end up owing $1,500 (at 30 cents per mile) when you turn the car in at the end of the lease.
To avoid extra charges, know your driving habits before leasing a car. Consider your daily commute and how often you take long trips. If you know you’ll probably drive more miles than the agreement allows, you could ask for a higher mileage limit. However, that will probably increase your monthly payment because additional miles will result in greater depreciation.
4. Not maintaining the car
If your car has damage that goes beyond normal wear and tear, you could be on the hook for additional fees when it’s time to return it to the dealer.
If a car has a scratch but the mark is less than the size of a driver’s license or business card, many companies may consider it normal use and probably won’t charge a penalty. If the leasing company considers the damage excessive, it can charge additional fees.
The definition of normal use can vary from dealer to dealer. Your lessor will inspect the car before you turn it in and look for dents and scrapes on the body and wheels, damage to the windshield and windows, excessive wear on the tires, and tears or stains in the interior upholstery. Don’t assume that your inspector will be lenient.
Before leasing a car, ask about the guidelines on the lease-end condition. These guidelines specify the types of damage you would have to pay for before you return your car.
If the car is significantly damaged, drivers can expect to be charged full market prices for repairs.
5. Leasing a car for too long
If you lease a car, make sure the lease period either matches or is shorter than the car’s warranty period. Warranties vary from manufacturer to manufacturer, but they typically last up to three years or 36,000 miles, whichever comes first.
If you keep the car for longer than the warranty period, you may have to consider an extended warranty. Otherwise, you could be responsible for maintenance and repair costs for a car you don’t own, while still making monthly lease payments.
If you do plan to lease a car for an extended time, it’s probably better to buy it, says Barbara Terry, a Texas-based automobile expert and columnist.
“If the driver owns the car, he’d have to pay for the car and pay for maintenance, but then he could continue to drive it for several years without having to worry about a required monthly lease payment,” Terry says.
Use Bankrate’s calculator to figure out whether leasing or buying a car will save you more money over the long haul.
Choosing to lease instead of buying a car can be a great way to drive a newer car with the latest technology and features for less money per month. But do your homework, shop around and pay close attention to the terms and conditions to make sure you get a lease that fits your driving habits and your budget.