Life insurance offers valuable financial protection for your loved ones. It can be used to supplement your income during retirement, leave money to your heirs and support your dependents financially in the event of your death. Life insurance policies can be a benefit to everyone, even if you are young, healthy and single.
Like other types of insurance, but especially for life insurance, your age is one of the primary factors that will impact the cost of your life insurance premium. As a general rule of thumb, the older you are, the more expensive your life insurance policy will be. However, the rate you will pay for life insurance is personalized, and the exact cost is dependent on a variety of other factors.
How life insurance rates are determined
Life insurance companies use a few different criteria to calculate your premium. Some of the most significant ones include your age, overall health, gender, the type of policy you buy and the amount of coverage you choose. Here is a deeper look into these five categories and how they impact your life insurance premium.
The first factor that determines your life insurance premium is your age. Young people tend to pay the lowest life insurance rates and older people pay the highest rates. Although there are exceptions, a 30-year-old will likely receive a lower premium quote than a 40-year-old, and a 40-year-old will pay less than someone who is 55 or older.
Life insurance rates increase as you get older because advanced age typically corresponds to health complications or just a shorter lifespan. This means insurance companies can expect a claim payout will come sooner for an older person, and will often charge a higher premium to offset that risk.
Health is another major factor that contributes to the cost of life insurance. People who suffer from pre-existing health issues — like diabetes, heart disease or obesity — typically do not live as long as healthy people with no conditions. As a result, insurance companies may charge higher rates for people with health issues or a family history of disease.
In addition to a traditional medical exam or health questionnaire, insurance companies use a rating system to determine your health risks. Represented are the following categories:
- Preferred Plus: People in the Preferred Plus category are in excellent health, with no family history of disease or pre-existing conditions.
- Preferred: Those in the Preferred category are typically in great health, but they might have a family history of one or two illnesses.
- Standard Plus: The Standard Plus category means the individuals are mostly healthy, but may be slightly overweight, or suffer from minor conditions without a long family history of disease.
- Standard: People in the Standard category suffer from moderate health issues and have a strong family history of disease. Smokers are typically in the Standard category.
It may not come as a surprise to learn that your gender also plays a key role in your life insurance premium. Men typically pay more for life insurance than women. This is because statistics show that women have a longer lifespan than men. According to data from the U.S. Census, the projected average life expectancy for a female in 2020 was 81.9 years old, and for men, the projected average was 77.1 years old.
Life insurance premiums are also a reflection of the kind of policy you buy. Term life insurance is the most affordable policy because it offers coverage for a limited number of years. If you do not use your coverage during the term, then the insurance company gets to keep your premiums. On the other hand, permanent life insurance policies are generally more expensive because they provide coverage for your entire lifetime.
If you purchase a guaranteed life insurance policy, you could end up paying the highest rate. Guaranteed life insurance policies do not require a medical exam, so to make up for the added risk of insuring older or health-compromised individuals, insurance companies charge extremely expensive premiums in comparison to other forms of life insurance. Despite the high rates, guaranteed life insurance policies usually have very low policy limits.
The last factor that determines your life insurance premium is your policy’s coverage limit. The higher your coverage limit is, the more expensive your insurance premium will be. When you pass away, your insurance company agrees to pay your beneficiaries a certain amount of money. To mitigate that payout, the insurance company will price your policy accordingly.
For example, someone who has a coverage limit of $100,000 will have a much lower premium than someone with $1,000,000 in coverage. Ultimately, it will cost the insurance company less money to pay out $100,000 than it would to pay out $1,000,000, so premiums would be much lower.
Life insurance rates by age
When you are shopping for life insurance, it is important to consider your age and understand how that will affect your premium. Depending on your age, you might decide to choose one type of life insurance over another in order to get a more affordable rate. Here is a brief overview of life insurance rates by age:
Young adult life insurance
Young adults are generally at their peak of health and may only need a small amount of coverage. Most individuals will find that a term life insurance policy offers adequate coverage for their needs and budget. For example, a 35-year-old couple with a 5-year-old child might consider purchasing a term life insurance policy with $100,000 in coverage over a 15-year term, which will cover their child until they reach adulthood. In most cases, life insurance policies for young adults are based on what fits your budget and covers immediate outstanding financial concerns, such as funeral expenses or outstanding debts or loans.
Middle-age life insurance
People who are between 40-60 years old will usually benefit the most from a permanent life insurance policy that offers protection for their lifetime. For a healthy married couple who is looking to use their life insurance policy as income during retirement, a whole life insurance policy with cash value and a $1,000,000 death benefit could be the most beneficial for the cost. The death benefit could be adjusted up or down depending on additional beneficiaries.
Life insurance for seniors
Most insurance companies will not sell new life insurance policies to people over a certain age, usually around 70. For people who are older or suffer from pre-existing health conditions, a guaranteed life insurance policy may be the best or only option. This type of policy does not have a medical exam, and coverage is approved for almost everyone. Guaranteed life insurance policies usually have a death benefit cap around $25,000.
Life insurance rates typically increase as you get older. However, insurance companies look at other factors, like your overall health, your gender, the type of policy you buy and the amount of coverage you need in order to calculate your personalized rate. If you are thinking about buying life insurance, it is a good idea to figure out what type of policy makes sense for your age, your budget and your coverage needs.