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The pandemic may have shifted the working schedules and driving habits of many Americans, but owning a car is still integral. The most recent U.S. Census survey found that 91.6% of American households owned at least one vehicle, even as daily personal car trips dropped in 2020 compared to previous years.
What this means for most Americans is that the cost of car insurance is still a necessary expense. Bankrate conducted a deep dive into the latest available data to give more background on the state of car ownership in 2022.
Car ownership statistics
- In 2020, there were 272,402,478 personal and commercial vehicles registered to drivers in the United States. This dropped by around 500,000 cars in 2021 to 271,811,005 vehicles. (Federal Highway Administration – FHWA)
- California, Texas, Florida, New York and Pennsylvania have the most vehicle registrations, due to their size and population. (FHWA)
- Rhode Island, Wyoming, Alaska, Vermont and Washington D.C. have the least amount of vehicle registrations. (FHWA)
- In the most recent census survey, only 8.5% of American households did not own a car. (U.S. Census)
- The majority of Americans own at least one car, with 37.1% owning two vehicles and 22% owning three or more vehicles. (U.S. Census)
- The average American drove 13,476 miles per year in 2022. (FHWA)
- Male drivers tended to drive more than female drivers, with an average of 16,550 miles per year driven by male drivers and 10,142 miles per year driven by female drivers. (FHWA)
- Young drivers aged 16-19 and senior drivers over 65 drove a similar annual mileage of around 7,600 miles. (FHWA)
- Compared to June 2021, travel by car on roads and streets decreased -1.7%, or -4.8 billion vehicle miles in June 2022. (FHWA)
- The greatest decrease in miles traveled was in the western states, which was down -3.0% or 62.5 billion miles in June 2022 compared to June 2021. (FHWA)
How many cars are in the US?
There were a total of 275,913,237 vehicles registered in the U.S. in 2020, including 105,135,300 automobiles. More trucks are owned in the U.S. than any other vehicle type, with cars coming second before motorcycles and buses.
U.S. Private and Commercial Ownership By Vehicle Type (FHWA)
There is also a very pronounced difference in the type of ownership of U.S. vehicles. While there are less than 4.1 million publicly owned vehicles, there are more than 272.4 million privately owned vehicles. Together, they comprise the more than 276 million vehicles owned in the U.S.
U.S. Vehicle Ownership by Type (FHWA)
|Private and commercial||Publicly owned vehicles||Total motor vehicles|
Car ownership statistics by city
Vehicle ownership varies significantly based on where you live in the U.S. The information below is gathered from the U.S. Census Data American Community Survey from 2020. Car ownership is higher in areas outside of U.S. metropolitan areas, likely due to urban sprawl and the necessity of a car for daily life.
10 U.S. Metro Areas with the Highest Percentage of Vehicle Ownership
|Rank||City||Percentage of households that own vehicles|
|4||The Villages, FL||96.78%|
|5||Twin Falls, ID||96.66%|
|8||Coeur d’Alene, ID||96.60%|
|9||St. George, UT||96.57%|
Some of America’s biggest metropolitan areas have the lowest vehicle ownership in the U.S., which is most likely primarily due to ready access to public transportation and the high cost of parking your car in these cities. New York, Newark and Jersey City metro areas have the lowest percentage of households with a vehicle, with Ithaca, Boston, Cambridge and Newton metro areas coming in second and third place.
10 U.S. Metro Areas with the Lowest Percentage of Vehicle Ownership
|Rank||City||Percentage of households that own vehicles|
|1||New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA||69.40%|
|4||Atlantic City-Hammonton, NJ||87.34%|
|6||San Francisco-Oakland-Berkeley, CA||87.98%|
|10||New Haven-Milford, CT||88.84%|
Car ownership statistics by state
The rate of car ownership varies significantly between states. The Federal Highway Administration’s Office of Highway Policy Information offers the latest highway statistics based on the most recent data from 2020.
Several of the biggest and most populated states in the U.S. also have the most vehicle registrations, such as California, Texas and Florida. Accordingly, some of the smallest states in the country also have the lowest rate of vehicle ownership, like Alaska, Wyoming and Vermont.
State Private and Commercial Public All Private and Commercial Motor Vehicles* Total for All Private and Publicly Owned Vehicles* Alabama 1,993,089 42,287 2,035,376 5,320,340 Alaska 167,313 3,831 171,144 792,826 Arizona 2,391,632 18,386 2,410,018 6,053,781 Arkansas 860,646 11,791 872,437 2,913,369 California 13,957,692 243,708 14,201,400 30,398,249 Colorado 1,623,494 15,534 1,639,028 5,350,708 Connecticut 1,210,262 909 1,211,171 2,867,554 Delaware 414,460 1,455 415,915 1,006,135 Dist. of Col. 191,873 18,424 210,297 356,537 Florida 7,736,727 104,826 7,841,553 18,464,506 Georgia 3,444,115 51,306 3,495,421 8,829,596 Hawaii 468,176 6,803 474,979 1,244,935 Idaho 586,008 2,354 588,362 1,917,677 Illinois 4,126,473 35,182 4,161,655 10,587,725 Indiana 2,121,269 2,479 2,123,748 6,199,901 Iowa 1,153,267 10,484 1,163,751 3,787,224 Kansas 885,177 3,906 889,083 2,603,543 Kentucky 1,613,475 31,022 1,644,497 4,459,685 Louisiana 1,288,404 27,287 1,315,691 3,861,204 Maine 352,449 3,630 356,079 1,121,106 Maryland 1,795,964 27,589 1,823,553 4,211,377 Massachusetts (2) 1,999,889 3,484 2,003,373 5,036,686 Michigan 2,671,737 19,967 2,691,70 4 8,453,239 Minnesota 1,827,137 14,553 1,841,690 5,690,749 Mississippi 786,202 2,223 788,425 2,058,975 Missouri 1,975,005 16,371 1,991,376 5,587,022 Montana 458,637 444 459,081 1,952,553 Nebraska 610,897 14,010 624,907 1,935,357 Nevada 1,020,129 7,374 1,027,503 2,549,357 New Hampshire 458,256 2,569 460,825 1,357,535 New Jersey 2,518,878 22,247 2,541,125 6,006,247 New Mexico 617,536 6,419 623,955 1,783,151 New York 4,214,023 18,725 4,232,748 11,324,755 North Carolina 3,352,960 45,510 3,398,470 8,739,280 North Dakota 211,955 3,699 215,654 899,083 Ohio 4,208,938 38,905 4,247,843 10,592,317 Oklahoma 1,218,261 5,587 1,223,848 3,730,247 Oregon 1,416,471 24,377 1,440,848 4,095,442 Pennsylvania 3,999,144 44,571 4,043,715 10,690,187 Rhode Island 374,939 6,828 381,767 866,625 South Carolina 1,692,051 75,297 1,767,348 4,561,299 South Dakota 319,820 5,181 325,001 1,294,282 Tennessee 2,069,406 46,226 2,115,632 5,855,373 Texas 8,000,313 87,745 8,088,058 22,419,490 Utah 891,867 10,856 902,723 2,479,604 Vermont 189,922 3,485 193,407 607,890 Virginia 3,014,609 42,645 3,057,254 7,606,452 Washington 2,735,895 64,475 2,800,370 7,257,401 West Virginia 497,785 10,878 508,663 1,657,362 Wisconsin 1,873,334 28,163 1,901,497 5,616,271 Wyoming 188,354 2,978 191,332 861,028 Total 103,796,315 1,338,985 105,135,300 275,913,237
*Data includes automobiles, buses, trucks, and motorcycles. As of 06/2022.
Cost of car ownership
The cost of car ownership includes a myriad of expenses, and with rising inflation, it has just become a lot more expensive compared to previous years. Surging gas prices throughout the country have significantly increased the cost of commuting. The cost of maintaining and repairing your car may have been impacted by inflation as well, as the cost of parts and labor continue to increase.
These factors all have an impact on insurance premiums as well. Vehicle repair costs are estimated when determining car insurance premiums, so when inflation, supply chain issues and labor costs make this more expensive, policyholders might see this reflected in their car insurance premiums, too.
|Expense||Car insurance||Car maintenance||Commuting||Annual total|
|Average cost per year||$1,771 for full coverage||$9,666||$8,466||$19,903|
Learn more: Comparing Car Insurance Rates
What percentage of Americans own a car?
Overall, vehicle ownership is on the rise in an analysis of a five-year period ranging between 2015 and 2019. The number of households with one or two vehicles has decreased over time. However, there has been a steady increase in vehicles of three or more per household. There is a strong indication that because American households are growing in size, the number of vehicles is also increasing to accommodate them. The data also indicates a rise in steady income, allowing Americans to afford both the car payment on three or more vehicles in addition to the costs of maintenance and car insurance.
However, for those Americans without a car, it can present several challenges. Those who do not live close to city transit lines can face serious challenges in getting to school, work and appointments. Those families with children can be challenged with even greater demands, given childrens’ busy schedules.
U.S. Residential Vehicle Accessibility
|No vehicles available||8.5%||8.6%||8.7%||8.8%||9.0%||9.1%|
|1 vehicle available||32.5%||32.7%||33.0%||33.2%||33.6%||33.7%|
|2 vehicles available||37.1%||37.2%||37.3%||37.4%||37.3%||37.4%|
|3+ vehicles available||22.0%||21.4%||21.0%||20.6%||20.1%||19.8%|
Car ownership statistics by year
On an annual basis, the number of total registered vehicles in the U.S. is steadily increasing year-over-year. There was consistent growth over six years ranging from 2014 to 2019. In 2020, the number of total registered vehicles declined to 2019, but was still higher than 2018.
Car Ownership Year-over-Year, 2014-2019 (FHWA)
|Year||Total U.S. registered vehicles|
Car ownership outside of the US
Looking to the rest of the world, global car sales reached 66.7 million in 2021, which was significantly higher than the 63.8 million vehicles sold in 2020.
There is only one country that surpasses the U.S. in car ownership, China. In 2021, the total sales for passenger vehicles exceeded 26 million units, which represented 31.4% of global sales. Additionally, while international automobile companies used to enjoy strong dominance in the Chinese market, Chinese vehicle manufacturers grew their market share to 44.4% domestically in 2021.
Looking forward, the market for electric vehicles is expected to grow in the coming years. By 2025, EVs may account for 7.4% for car sales internationally. By 2025, internal combustion vehicles may decline to about 20% of sales, with EVs accounting for 80% of vehicle sales.