The Free Application for Federal Student Aid (FAFSA) starts accepting applications every Oct. 1 and is due June 30 of the award year, although schools and states have their own deadlines. The deadline is important, but the opening date is arguably more so. The sooner you apply, the more financial aid you can receive.
Here’s what you need to know about FAFSA deadlines for 2022 and beyond.
The FAFSA for 2022-23 is open
The FAFSA is available starting Oct. 1 the year before you plan to enroll; so if you’re attending college for the 2022-23 academic year, the FAFSA has been open since Oct. 1, 2021. If you’re enrolling for the 2023-24 school year, the FAFSA will be available on Oct. 1, 2022.
However, some aid is given on a first-come, first-served basis. That means that if you apply soon after the Oct. 1 opening date, you may be able to receive more aid based on your expected family contribution (EFC). If you’re looking for federal aid while you’re in school, you’ll need to complete the FAFSA every year.
The 2022-23 FAFSA deadline
The FAFSA deadline for the 2022-23 academic year is June 30, 2023. But if you wait until then, you’ll miss out on financial aid for the fall and spring semesters. You would only be able to receive aid for summer classes in this instance.
While June 30 is the federal application deadline every year, many states and colleges have their own application deadlines for aid. If you wait to file your federal FAFSA until the deadline, you could miss out on state and college financial aid opportunities, and you likely won’t get as much federal aid as you would have if you filed the application closer to the Oct. 1 opening date.
State and institutional FAFSA deadlines
Many states have their own scholarships and grants for local students attending an in-state college. These scholarships are often limited, which is another reason to fill out the FAFSA sooner rather than later. Also, state aid deadlines are often earlier than the general FAFSA deadline.
Here are the deadlines for each state for the 2022-23 school year:
|Alabama||Check with your financial aid administrator|
|Alaska||ASAP after Oct. 1, 2021, for Alaska Education Grant; June 30, 2022, for Alaska Performance Scholarship|
|Arizona||Check with your financial aid administrator|
|Arkansas||July 1, 2022, for Academic Challenge and ArFuture Grant (fall semester) and Jan. 10, 2023, for ArFuture Grant (spring semester)|
|California||March 2, 2022, for state financial aid programs and Cal Grant; Sept. 2, 2022, for community college Cal Grants|
|Colorado||Check with your financial aid administrator|
|Connecticut||Feb. 15, 2022|
|Delaware||April 15, 2022|
|Florida||May 15, 2022|
|Georgia||ASAP after Oct. 1, 2021|
|Hawaii||Check with your financial aid administrator|
|Idaho||March 1, 2022|
|Illinois||ASAP after Oct. 1, 2021|
|Indiana||ASAP after Oct. 1, 2021, for Adult Student Grant and Workforce Ready Grant; April 18, 2022, for Frank O’Bannon Grant and 21st Century Scholarship|
|Iowa||July 1, 2022|
|Kansas||April 1, 2022|
|Kentucky||ASAP after Oct. 1, 2021|
|Louisiana||July 1, 2023|
|Maine||May 1, 2022|
|Maryland||March 1, 2022|
|Massachusetts||May 1, 2022|
|Michigan||May 1, 2022|
|Minnesota||30 days after term starts|
|Mississippi||Oct. 15, 2022, for MTAG and MESG Grants; April 30, 2022, for HELP Grant|
|Missouri||Feb. 1, 2022, for priority consideration; applications accepted through April 1, 2022|
|Montana||Dec. 1, 2021|
|Nebraska||Check with your financial aid administrator|
|Nevada||ASAP after Oct. 1, 2021, for the Silver State Opportunity Grant; March 1, 2022, for the Nevada Promise Scholarship|
|New Hampshire||Check with your financial aid administrator|
|New Jersey||April 15, 2022, for 2021-22 Tuition Aid Grant recipients; Sept. 15, 2022, for fall and spring terms; Feb 15, 2023, for spring term only|
|New Mexico||Check with your financial aid administrator|
|New York||June 30, 2023|
|North Carolina||ASAP after Oct. 1, 2021|
|North Dakota||ASAP after Oct. 1, 2021|
|Ohio||Oct. 1, 2022|
|Oklahoma||ASAP after Oct. 1, 2021|
|Oregon||ASAP after Oct. 1, 2021, for Oregon Opportunity Grant; March 1, 2022, for OSAC Private Scholarships; varies for Oregon Promise Grant|
|Pennsylvania||Aug. 1, 2022, for first-time applicants enrolled in community college, business, trade or technical school, hospital school of nursing, designated Pennsylvania open-admission institution or nontransferable two-year program; May 1, 2022, for all other applicants|
|Rhode Island||Check with your financial aid administrator|
|South Carolina||ASAP after Oct. 1, 2021, for SC Commission on Higher Education Need-based Grants; June 30, 2022, for Tuition Grants|
|South Dakota||Check with your financial aid administrator|
|Tennessee||Feb. 1, 2022, for State Grant and Tennessee Promise; Sept. 1, 2022, for State Lottery fall term; Feb. 1, 2023, for State Lottery spring and summer terms|
|Texas||Jan. 15, 2022|
|Utah||Check with your financial aid administrator|
|Vermont||ASAP after Oct. 1, 2021|
|Virginia||Check with your financial aid administrator|
|Washington||ASAP after Oct. 1, 2021|
|Washington, D.C.||Aug. 19, 2022, for priority consideration; Aug. 26, 2022, for the DC Tuition Assistance Grant|
|West Virginia||March 1, 2022, for PROMISE Scholarship; April 15, 2022, for WV Higher Education Grant Program and WV Invests Grant|
|Wisconsin||Check with your financial aid administrator|
|Wyoming||Check with your financial aid administrator|
For some programs, additional forms may be required. For specific details about your state’s deadline requirements, head to the Department of Education’s website.
Why you should file your FAFSA early
Many university-based scholarships and state grants are only available on a first-come, first-served basis. If you wait too long to fill out the FAFSA, that money could be long gone.
Also, the sooner you apply, the sooner you’ll get your financial aid award letter from the university. If you haven’t filled out the FAFSA, the college can’t tell you how much financial aid you qualify for. This could make it harder to decide which college to attend.
Can I make changes to the FAFSA after I’ve applied?
You can change some details of your FAFSA as long as the final deadline hasn’t passed. This includes changes to your personal details, contact information or dependency status. You may also want to contact the schools you’ve applied to and inform them that you’ve updated the FAFSA.
If you used the wrong Social Security number (SSN) on the form, you’ll have to either complete a new form from scratch or contact each school you submitted the FAFSA to and ask them to update the SSN. You can also change it by mail, but that process takes several weeks to complete.
Details that you can’t change are financial details, such as savings account balances. If you expect extreme financial hardship like bankruptcy or permanent income loss and that information isn’t detailed on your FAFSA, you can send a financial aid appeal letter to a representative from your college’s financial aid office.
How to maximize financial aid
Whether or not you’ve already applied for the FAFSA, there are other ways to find college financial aid:
- Fill out the CSS Profile: The CSS Profile is similar to the FAFSA and is used by around 200 programs to distribute financial aid. You still have to complete the FAFSA if you want federal student loans, but you may also have to fill out the CSS Profile depending on the particular school’s requirements.
- Apply for other scholarships: College grants and federal loans aren’t the only types of financial aid available. Look for scholarships from third-party companies and organizations. Sites like Scholly and Fastweb compile scholarships, but you should also do your own research.
- Appeal your financial aid: Contact your college’s financial aid department if your family’s finances have changed due to job loss, medical bills or another pressing reason. Many schools have systems for appealing your financial aid decision.
- Fill out the FAFSA every year: Financial aid is awarded on an annual basis, so you’ll have to fill out the FAFSA every year you’re in school.
- Consider student loans: While the FAFSA is the first step in applying for federal student loans, you may also want to look into private student loans. Before doing so, calculate how much money you would need to borrow and what your monthly payment would look like when you start repayment.