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What is the average pharmacy school debt?

Pharmacist works with medication
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Pharmacy school can offer a wide array of career opportunities, but pharmacy school debt is no joke. According to a July 2021 report by the American Association of Colleges of Pharmacy (AACP), student loans for pharmacists amount to an average of $173,561.

If you’re considering pharmacy school and wondering if pharmacy debt is worth it, here’s what you need to know about the financing and your options for repayment.

What is the average pharmacy school debt?

In its survey of pharmacy school graduates, the AACP found that roughly 85 percent of PharmD degree holders had to borrow money to get through school. In 2021, the average pharmacy school debt sits at $173,561. That’s an increase of $24,241, or just over 16 percent, from the average in 2015.

It’s important to note, however, that private pharmacy colleges skew the average upward. While the average pharmacy school student loans for private institutions are $204,617, students attending public colleges averaged just $143,302.

What goes into pharmacy school debt?

Attending pharmacy means paying for more than just tuition. While specific fees vary, costs for pharmacy school generally include:

  • Tuition: Tuition can vary substantially if you attend an in-state school versus an out-of-state school or a public school versus a private school. The tuition will be the most expensive component of your pharmacy school debt and covers your classes and the cost to be a student at your school.
  • Fees: Most colleges have fees included in their cost of attendance. These fees, such as a lab fee, transportation fee or student services fee, are different at each school.
  • Books and supplies: Textbooks, computers and other class supplies can add up. However, you can cut down costs in this category by buying or renting used textbooks and looking for sales on your supplies.
  • Living costs: No matter where you decide to go to school, you will need to pay for food and somewhere to live. You can choose to live on campus, off campus or at home.

What are the average interest rates on pharmacy school student loans?

The interest rates on your pharmacy school debt can vary depending on the type of student loans you have and when you applied for them. While federal student loan interest rates are standardized — everyone who qualifies gets the same terms — rates are updated once a year and vary based on loan type.

School Year Direct Loans for Undergraduate Students Direct Loans for Graduate and Professional Students Direct PLUS Loans for Parents and Graduate and Professional Students
2021-22 3.73% 5.28% 6.28%
2020-21 2.75% 4.3% 5.3%
2019-20 4.53% 6.08% 7.08%
2018-19 5.05% 6.6% 7.6%
2017-18 4.45% 6% 7%
2016-17 3.76% 5.31% 6.31%
2015-16 4.29% 5.84% 6.84%

Interest rates decreased dramatically in the 2020-21 school year as a result of the coronavirus pandemic. While they are slightly higher for the 2021-22 school year, the low-interest environment has persisted.

If you borrow private student loans, your interest rate will depend on the lender you chose and your creditworthiness. As of September 2021, private student loan interest rates range from just above 1 percent to just under 15 percent. With private student loans, you can usually choose between fixed and variable rates. Variable rates typically start lower, though you risk your rate climbing over time.

One thing to note with student loans is that most accrue interest while you’re in school, even if you’re not making payments — the only exception being Direct Subsidized Loans, which are available only to undergraduate students with financial need.

Once you start making payments, any interest that has accrued will be capitalized and added to your principal balance.

How long does it take to repay pharmacy school student loans?

The standard repayment term for federal student loans is 10 years, and private student loan companies may offer repayment terms ranging from five to 20 years.

But since the average student loan debt for pharmacists is much higher than the average for all college graduates, you may need to opt for a repayment plan on the longer side in order to keep monthly payments low. If you have federal loans, you may be able to extend your schedule up to 30 years, depending on the program.

Repayment Plan Repayment Term
Consolidation Loan Up to 30 years
Extended 25 years
Pay as You Earn 20 years
Revised Pay as You Earn Up to 25 years
Income-Based Up to 25 years
Income-Contingent Up to 25 years

If you have private student loans, your repayment term will be what you chose when you first applied. If you can’t afford that, though, you can refinance your student loans to get a longer term.

Ultimately, though, the amount of time it’ll take you to pay off your pharmacy school debt will depend on how much you owe and your salary during the first stage of your career.

Tips for reducing pharmacy school debt

There are plenty of opportunities to pay down your pharmacy school student loans, some of which involve assistance from an outside source. Here are some options to consider.

Pharmacist student loan forgiveness programs

If you have federal student loans, the U.S. Department of Education may offer forgiveness of your debt if you work full time for a government agency or eligible not-for-profit organization and meet other eligibility criteria.

The Public Service Loan Forgiveness program requires you to make 120 qualifying monthly payments on an income-driven repayment plan. After you meet all the requirements — check the department’s website for the full details — your full remaining balance will be forgiven.

You can also receive forgiveness if you’ve completed an income-driven repayment plan and still have a balance left over. Remember, though, that these plans extend your schedule by 20 or 25 years, which means that you’ll be indebted for a long time until you qualify for relief.

Student loan repayment assistance programs

Only the Department of Education can offer pharmacist student loan forgiveness. But you may also qualify for student loan repayment assistance programs through a federal or state agency. In the medical field, many of these programs are limited to practicing physicians, nurses and workers in similar career paths.

For example, the National Institutes of Health and the Health Resources and Services Administration both offer programs with student loan repayment assistance. Speak with your school’s financial aid office to get an idea of all that’s available for pharmacy school graduates.

Student loan refinancing

If you don’t qualify to get assistance with reducing your student loan debt, student loan refinancing may be an excellent alternative.

With student loan refinancing, you’ll replace your existing loans with a new one through a private lender. Interest rates vary based on your creditworthiness, but depending on what you’re paying now, you may be able to get a lower interest rate and save money.

Student loan refinancing is also the only way to extend your repayment term on private student loans — or even shorten the schedule if you can afford it.

Just remember that if you’re working toward student loan forgiveness or repayment assistance, or you want to take advantage of an income-driven repayment plan, refinancing may not be the best path for you, because you’ll no longer qualify for those benefits once your federal loans become private loans.

Is being a pharmacist worth it?

So, is pharmacy school debt worth it? Ultimately, it’s up to each student to determine whether a career path in pharmacy is worth the cost of attending pharmacy school.

Nationally, pharmacists make an average of just over $122,000 per year, according to Glassdoor, and you may be able to make even more if you open your own pharmacy as a business owner. In addition to potential earnings, you’ll also want to consider how passionate you are about your field of study.

Regardless of which path you choose, think hard about whether you’ll still want to be in the industry five, 10 or more years down the road — because you’ll likely still be paying down your student loans at those times.

Next steps

Pharmacy school debt can add up, but there are ways to keep the costs lower. If you want to become a pharmacist but the high costs of school are intimidating, consider your options. You can attend an in-state school and apply for scholarships, or you may decide to live at home to save on room and board.

Learn more:

Written by
Ben Luthi
Contributing writer
Ben Luthi is a personal finance and travel writer who loves helping people learn how to live life more fully. His work has appeared in several publications, including U.S. News & World Report, USA Today, Yahoo! Finance and more.
Edited by
Student loans editor