Dentistry is a lucrative career, with dentists making an average of $167,160 a year. However, you likely won’t earn the highest-level dentistry pay right out of school. A few different factors affect how much dentists make a year.

If you’re thinking about a career in this high-paying field, here’s what to know about the starting salaries for dentists, dentist incomes for various specialties and whether the pay is worth dental school debt.

Average dentist salaries

The latest data from the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) shows that the mean dentist salary nationally is $167,160. Dentists working at private practices can earn even more; the American Dental Association (ADA) found that the average net income in 2020 was $170,160 for general dentists and $323,780 for specialists.

Starting salaries for dentists

Like other professionals early in their career, an entry-level general dentist might earn a lower salary than a more experienced one. According to ZipRecruiter, the national average starting salary for dentists is $61,355, which is significantly less than the national average across the profession. However, this can vary by position, location and employer.

What determines a dentist’s salary?

The typical income in this line of work depends on a handful of variables. Below are a few factors that can affect dentistry pay.


The city and state where you practice have a significant effect on how much you’ll earn as a dentist. For example, according to state-level data from the BLS, the mean general dentist salary in Illinois is $136,930, while Wyoming- and Vermont-based dentists earn $148,730 and $190,030, respectively.

Even wages between different areas in the same state can vary considerably. For example, in California, general dentists in the San Francisco metropolitan area earn a mean wage of $181,700 per year, while Los Angeles dentists earn a mean wage of $151,540.

State Annual mean wage
Alabama $176,910
Alaska $168,390
Arizona $175,030
Arkansas $184,540
California $165,950
Colorado $139,460
Connecticut $197,910
Delaware $233,860
District of Columbia $181,410
Florida $164,370
Georgia $165,160
Hawaii $177,820
Idaho $124,750
Illinois $136,930
Indiana $159,240
Iowa $183,710
Kansas $188,240
Kentucky $136,480
Louisiana $148,060
Maine $187,460
Maryland $158,520
Massachusetts $175,140
Michigan $178,250
Minnesota $181,760
Mississippi $161,700
Missouri $167,240
Montana $152,770
Nebraska $146,170
Nevada $151,130
New Hampshire $225,140
New Jersey No data
New Mexico $189,430
New York $170,800
North Carolina $189,980
North Dakota $161,080
Ohio $180,920
Oklahoma $165,380
Oregon $207,370
Pennsylvania $159,450
Puerto Rico $87,300
Rhode Island $206,600
South Carolina $132,830
South Dakota $150,630
Tennessee $169,610
Texas $150,060
Utah $134,570
Vermont $190,030
Virginia $162,750
Washington $182,050
West Virginia $139,200
Wisconsin $183,110
Wyoming $148,730

Dental specialty

Dental specialties require two to six years of additional residency training. The ADA recognizes 12 dental specialties, all of which have higher salary potential than a career as a general dentist.

Examples of top-paying dental specialties and their mean annual wages, according to the BLS, are:

  • Oral and maxillofacial surgeon: $311,460.
  • Orthodontist: $267,280.

Specialists stand to earn among the top dentist incomes, but this requires more years of education and potentially more student loan debt to complete training in an accredited program.

Years of experience

The number of years you’ve practiced as a licensed dentist can also influence your dentistry pay. With more experience, you’ll qualify for more competitive salaries, and you may be able to accept more patients into your practice.

Public sector vs. private practice

The industry you work for affects your income. For example, the annual mean wage for dentists in offices of dentists is $179,100, according to BLS data, while dentists in general medical and surgical hospitals earn an annual mean wage of $89,590.

Dentists in the private sector, whether in general practice or a specialty, typically earn more than those in the public sector.

Do dentists get paid well?

Dentists are well paid, but if you’re not picky about your career path in health care, there are other high-paying opportunities. Here are some examples of other medical professionals that make more on average than dentists:

  • Anesthesiologist: $311,190.
  • Surgeon: $252,040.
  • Obstetrician and gynecologist: $296,210.
  • Orthodontist: $267,280.
  • Family physician: $213,270.
  • Pediatrician: $198,420.

That’s not to say that becoming a dentist isn’t worth it, especially if you’re passionate about the field and your career path will lead to an above-average salary.

Is becoming a dentist worth it?

The earning potential from a dentistry career is competitive, but you’ll also need to factor in the costs of your education if you’re considering whether this career path is worth it. In addition to earning an undergraduate degree, you’ll need to complete an accredited dental school program and advanced training if you want to specialize.

Dental school graduates from the class of 2022 had an average student loan debt of $293,900, according to data from the American Dental Education Association. This debt total accounts for unpaid undergraduate loans and loans during dental school.

Before taking on the costs of becoming a dentist, consider whether it’s the best profession for you. Here are some tips to help you decide:

  • Shadow a dentist: A shadowing program lets you get a glimpse of what a dentist does day to day, and it’s also a plus on your dental school application.
  • Talk to a dental student: Aside from the potential student loan debt that’ll pile on from going to dental school, you’ll face the hours of daily coursework, studying, lab training and more. Talk to a current dental school student to learn how they manage the demands of dental school.
  • Ask yourself if you’d work in the public sector: Dentists who serve in the public sector may earn less than those in the private sector, but they may also qualify for federal loan forgiveness, like Public Service Loan Forgiveness (PSLF) and state repayment programs. If you anticipate taking on a lot of debt, this may be part of your consideration.

Bottom line

Dentistry and its related specialties can be a helpful and lucrative career. Keep in mind that if your main objective is a high salary, though, other fields can pay more.

Your overall earnings potential will depend on where in the country you live and practice, your number of years of experience, and what kind of dentistry you plan to pursue. Dentists in private practice generally make higher incomes than those in public service but may not be eligible for federal student loan forgiveness such as PSLF.