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FAIR Plan home insurance

Updated Apr 16, 2024
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FAIR Plan insurance explained

A FAIR Plan, which stands for Fair Access to Insurance Requirements, is a program that allows high-risk homeowners to purchase home insurance. People who get insurance through a FAIR Plan are typically not eligible for coverage through the standard home insurance market because their home is located in a high-risk area or they have other red flags that concern insurers.

FAIR Plans are state-run programs that are subsidized by taxpayers and private insurance companies. A FAIR Plan is slightly different from a typical home insurance company because it is a shared market plan. Rather than getting coverage from a single insurance company, several insurance companies cover your property in a FAIR Plan, limiting the amount of risk that one company assumes. If you have to file a claim, every participating company pays for a portion of your loss.

When it comes to the actual coverage, homeowners insurance through a FAIR Plan is pretty limited. Many plans may only include dwelling and personal property coverage on a named perils basis. You most likely cannot get liability, medical payments or loss of use coverage through a FAIR Plan.

It is important to note that FAIR Plan home insurance is only used as a last resort option. You cannot apply for home insurance through your state’s FAIR Plan as your first option because you will have to prove that you have been denied home insurance from several private companies.

High-risk homes and FAIR Plans

FAIR Plans specifically cover high-risk homes and high-risk homeowners. However, the criteria for what is considered a high-risk home is very specific. Here are some of the characteristics of a high-risk home that may qualify you for FAIR Plan insurance:

  • You live in an area with a high risk of severe weather, like tornadoes, hurricanes or earthquakes.
  • You live in a neighborhood with a high rate of crime, vandalism or theft. This is typically more common in urban areas.
  • Your home is very old and has outdated systems that make it risky to insure, like old plumbing or electrical wiring.

FAIR Plans also serve homeowners with a lengthy claims history. If you’ve filed more than a few insurance claims, especially major ones, it may be a red flag for insurance companies. When you apply for a new policy, the insurance company can review your Comprehensive Loss Underwriting Exchange (CLUE) report, which includes a record of the insurance claims you’ve filed. A spotty claims record can make it difficult to get preferred coverage, so you might have to resort to a FAIR Plan if you fall into this category.

Although you may be able to find private insurance companies willing to insure high-risk homes, it’s becoming more difficult in some states. For example, a number of home insurance companies in Florida are shutting down and canceling policies due to the uptick in natural disasters, expensive claim payouts and fraudulent claims. Therefore, more Florida homeowners may need to consider a FAIR Plan due to the difficulty in finding standard coverage.

How to get FAIR Plan homeowners insurance

The process of getting FAIR insurance is different in every state, but is usually straightforward.

Keep in mind that some states require FAIR homeowners insurance customers to apply for private home insurance once per year. If approved, you will no longer be eligible for the FAIR Plan home insurance.

States that offer FAIR Plan insurance

Not every state offers a FAIR Plan, but many do, especially states with a high rate of severe weather. As of 2022, the most recent year with data available, 34 states and Washington D.C. offer or plan to offer FAIR Plans to high-risk homeowners.

  1. Alabama
  2. California
  3. Colorado (starting in 2025)
  4. Connecticut
  5. Delaware
  6. Florida
  7. Georgia
  8. Hawaii
  9. Illinois
  10. Indiana
  11. Iowa
  12. Kansas
  13. Kentucky
  14. Louisiana
  15. Maryland
  16. Massachusetts
  17. Michigan
  18. Minnesota
  19. Mississippi
  20. Missouri
  21. New Jersey
  22. New Mexico
  23. New York
  24. North Carolina
  25. Ohio
  26. Oregon
  27. Pennsylvania
  28. Rhode Island
  29. South Carolina
  30. Texas
  31. Virginia
  32. Washington
  33. Washington D.C.
  34. West Virginia
  35. Wisconsin

Frequently asked questions

Written by
Elizabeth Rivelli
Contributor, Insurance

Elizabeth Rivelli is a contributing insurance writer for Bankrate and has years of experience writing for insurance domains such as The Simple Dollar, and NextAdvisor, among others

Edited by Editor, Insurance