An auto loan or lease is a great way to get behind the wheel of a vehicle without having to break the bank. But if you find yourself in a circumstance where you can no longer afford your monthly payments, or are possibly on the verge of becoming upside down on your loan, there is a way out. Consider whether refinancing your loan, paying your loan off, renegotiation, selling the vehicle or even voluntary repossession is best for you.
5 options to get out of a loan you can’t afford
There are a few different doors you can exit from if your loan no longer fits your budget. But you’ll need to tread carefully if you want to minimize the hits to your wallet and your credit rating.
1. Refinance your loan
Refinancing your loan will help you save money month to month, in the long term or both.
- Getting a lower interest rate can decrease your monthly payment and overall interest paid.
- Refinancing with a shorter repayment term can increase your monthly payments, but also decrease overall interest paid.
- Getting a longer repayment term can decrease your monthly payments, but also increase overall interest paid.
This is especially a great option if your credit score has improved since you initially signed off on your loan agreement. A better credit score means you can likely qualify for lower interest rates and more favorable terms. But be on the lookout for any fees that come along with refinancing your loan. A common one being an early repayment penalty which is exactly what it sounds like — a fee for paying off the loan early.
2. Pay off the car loan
If you are struggling to meet your monthly payments, then the option of paying off your loan entirely may be a stretch. But if you have the financial backing to pay it off, you can walk away and get rid of the financial stress of even more potential debt.
One way to pay off your loan is to pay one large lump sum. Before going ahead with this route be sure to confirm with your lender the amount owed; it will most likely be a combination of your loan balance along with your interest fees. Another — possibly less daunting option — can be to raise your monthly payment slightly, so that the payoff happens earlier.
3. Renegotiate the loan
Similar to refinancing your loan, you can reach out to your lender and negotiate a new payment plan. This is an especially good option if you have good credit and payment histories and only need temporary assistance to catch up due to unforeseen circumstances.
It is possible to give yourself some extra time by deferring payments or even stretching out your loan term — but keep in mind the longer the term the more interest there will be overall. Before arranging to meet with your lender, take a close look at your finances and estimate what kind of monthly payment you will be able to stick to for the remaining duration of your loan.
4. Sell the vehicle
Another strategy is to sell the car. Because you don’t own the car outright, you need to get permission from your lender first. Contact the lender, let a representative know you’re interested in selling the car and ask about the transfer process and paperwork, including the credit application a potential new owner would need to fill out.
You may also be able to sell to a friend or family member if that’s something you are interested in — and the lender approves. But you are still on the hook for any remaining balance on the auto loan.
5. Voluntary repossession
You should consider turning your car over to your lender as your absolute last resort. To make this process more bearable, ask your lender if turning over your car voluntarily will clear you of your loan obligation.
By turning in the car, you save your lender the cost and hassle of repossession, so you may be able to strike a more favorable final pay-off amount. It may free you of some final costs, including late or prepayment fees, or fees tied to the resale of the vehicle. But this route will mean a hit to your credit score and could make auto financing more difficult in future.
Exiting a lease
The costs of ending a lease early can be quite steep, so you should do everything you possibly can to make your scheduled payments through the end of your term. But if you’re still struggling to make your payments, contact your leasing company and ask to rework your terms. Be upfront about your financial situation and try to have an amount in mind that you will be able to pay through the end of the lease.
Because you don’t own the car, you have far fewer options for cutting a bad lease deal short. If you turn the car in early to the leasing company, you’ll be on the hook for additional payments. You may be required to make all remaining lease payments, even though you’re returning the car. Some leasing companies charge an early lease termination fee and disposition fee — on top of any other standard end-of-lease fees, like potential excess mileage charges.
A final option is to transfer your lease to someone else, but this won’t be cheap or risk-free either. Online sites, such as Swapalease, LeaseTrader and LeaseQuit, help current lessees connect with drivers willing to take over their leases. Fees vary widely, so shop carefully.
The bottom line
It is never too late to walk away from a loan or auto lease if you can no longer afford it. Take the time to understand all of your options and choose what is best for you based on your financial situation.