If you haven’t filed your taxes yet, don’t panic — but act fast.
You need to understand what tax tables are. Here’s what to know.
What are tax tables?
Each year, the IRS publishes its revised tax tables and taxpayers determine how much tax they owe. The specific dollar amount of tax they owe is based on their filing status, their deductions and exemptions, and the amount of income they earn.
Also known as tax brackets, tax tables change every year. In fact, the IRS adjusts more than 40 tax provisions for inflation to prevent “bracket creep” — where taxpayers move into higher tax brackets or have reduced credits or deductions because of inflation, rather than from any increase in real income.
In addition, they subtract any deductions, exemptions and allowances they can claim, and then use the remaining amount when determining what they owe. These deductions reduce their taxable income and their tax liability.
So, when people calculate their taxes based on their taxable income, they’ll use the tax tables to learn the taxes they owe. Then, they enter it on their tax return.
There are four tax tables from the IRS. They’re for single filers, married filing jointly, married filing separately and head of household. For qualifying widows or widowers, they can use the married filing jointly category.
To be sure, each tax table includes the tax bracket, the rate at which those in that bracket are taxed and the actual taxes owed.
Tax rates start at 10 percent for the lowest income filers and go up to 39.6 percent for high-income filers. Except for the lowest bracket, filers pay a flat tax as well as a levy based on the rate.
In addition, most states use tax tables to determine personal income tax. Seven states that don’t include Nevada, Texas, Washington, Alaska, Florida, South Dakota and Wyoming. Two other states — Tennessee and New Hampshire — only assess a tax on dividend and interest income.
Tax table example
In 2017, Chandler will file taxes as a single filer. He brings home a salary of $65,000 a year as a civil engineer. When he checks the IRS tax table for single filers, he finds himself squarely in the 25 percent tax bracket, where he will pay $5,226.25, plus 25 percent of the excess over $37,950, excluding deductions and exemptions.
Unsure what tax bracket you’re in? Use this calculator to find out.
More From Bankrate
4 min read Apr 19, 2022
Typically, taxpayers have two options: Take the itemized deductions or take the standard deduction.3 min read Apr 18, 2022
Regardless of what may cause a person to miss the tax-filing deadline, there are potential consequences.5 min read Apr 18, 2022
Applying for more time to file your taxes is easy. Just don’t put off paying your tax bill.3 min read Apr 15, 2022
The fast-approaching deadline for filing your 2021 taxes is April 18, 2022.2 min read Apr 11, 2022
There are seven tax brackets for most ordinary income: 10%, 12%, 22%, 24%, 32%, 35% and 37%.4 min read Apr 07, 2022
The credit was confusing even before Congress revamped it for 2021.7 min read Apr 01, 2022
Here’s how to use a Roth IRA to pay for your child’s college tuition.4 min read Mar 28, 2022
This popular tax break can be one of the trickiest.5 min read Mar 24, 2022