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What can private student loans be spent on?

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When you take out a private student loan, it can be tempting to spend the cash on whatever you want. But it’s important to remember that the money isn’t a windfall — and your lender isn’t writing you a blank check.

You can usually borrow only up to the cost of attendance, minus other financial aid, and the lender will set rules on how you can spend the money you borrow. Generally, you can use private student loans for education costs and living expenses. Here’s a closer look at what falls into those categories.

What you can spend your private student loans on

Every private lender has its own rules about how you can use loan funds, so check your loan documents or contact your lender for details. Borrowers can typically use private student loans to pay for educational and living expenses, which may include:

  • College tuition: Private student loans are usually used to pay for tuition, which is the basic cost of enrolling in classes. This is typically the largest education-related expense.
  • Fees: Your school might charge academic fees associated with your degree program or institutional fees that cover things like parking at the school and using campus facilities. Your loans can cover these costs.
  • Room and board: Private student loans can pay for living expenses and meals while you’re enrolled in school. These may include on-campus housing, like a dorm room and cafeteria meal plan, or off-campus housing expenses like rent for an apartment, utilities and groceries.
  • Books and supplies: Student loans also cover supplies you need for class, including textbooks, pens, notebooks and backpacks.
  • Transportation: While you can use private loans to pay for the costs of getting to class — like gasoline, parking passes, bus passes and highway tolls — you can’t buy a car with your loan funds.
  • Equipment: If you need equipment to participate in your classes, like a laptop, software program or camera, you can use loan funds to cover the costs.
  • Dependent care expenses: You may be able to use private student loans to pay for child care or adult care while you attend classes.

What you shouldn’t spend your private student loans on

When you take out a private student loan, you’ll typically sign a loan agreement that includes  language about what you can and can’t spend your private loans on. Pay attention to this information, because you could face serious consequences if the lender finds out that you misused loan funds. For instance, the lender might terminate your current loan, ask you to repay the loan balance immediately and block you from borrowing in the future.

Even if you get away with using the loan for unauthorized purchases, it’s not a good idea, because you’ll eventually have to repay that money with interest. Those fancy dinners, extravagant trips and brand-new cellphones will ultimately cost more when you repay the loan, thanks to compounding interest.

Generally, you shouldn’t spend your loan money on:

  • Entertainment: Your loan funds aren’t meant to pay for things like concert tickets, streaming services and movie passes.
  • Nonessentials: A few examples include high-end clothing, a gym membership or a new TV.
  • Travel: You shouldn’t use private student loans to pay for vacations, like a spring break trip, but you might be able to use the money to pay for an accredited study abroad program. Contact the lender and ask for details.
  • Dining out: You can use your private student loans to pay for meal plans and groceries, but it’s not a good idea to regularly use the money on restaurants or takeout food.
  • Other debts: Don’t use your private student loan to pay off other balances, like credit cards and auto loans.
  • Emergency funds: Generally, it’s a good idea to keep three to six months’ worth of expenses in savings — but your private student loans shouldn’t be used to fund this.

What happens to the financial aid I don’t use?

It’s important to borrow only as much as you need through student loans; remember, the more you borrow, the more you’ll have to pay in interest charges over time. If you can pay for some expenses out of pocket, it’s often a better choice to do so.

With that said, sometimes students overestimate how much money they truly need through student loans. If you have money left over after paying for your education and living expenses, ask the lender if you can return the remaining funds or cancel part of the loan. If this option isn’t available, you can use the money to make extra payments on your student loan balance.

How to manage your private student loan spending

To minimize the amount you need to borrow through student loans and shrink your postgraduation loan payments, start by creating a budget. Make a list of expenses, including tuition, fees, textbooks, housing, transportation, food, a cellphone plan and personal necessities, and see what your totals are on a monthly and semester-long basis.

Always look for ways to cut back on spending. For example, consider riding your bike instead of driving to class or using the school gym instead of getting an outside gym membership. You should also ask about student discounts at bookstores and grocery stores.

After you’ve determined your estimated expenses, deduct the amount you expect to earn from scholarships, grants, savings and money from a part-time job, if applicable. The remaining amount is how much you should borrow through loans.

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Written by
Kim Porter
Contributing writer
Kim Porter is a former contributor to Bankrate, a personal finance expert who loves talking budgets, credit cards and student loans. Porter writes for publications such as U.S. News & World Report, Credit Karma and Reviewed.com. When she's not writing or reading, you can usually find her planning a trip or training for her next race.
Edited by
Student loans editor