With the pause on student repayment extended potentially through this summer, loan interest and collection activities remain on hold. As the Supreme Court reviews the Biden Administration’s plan to cancel as much as $20,000 in debt per borrower, those with student loan debt continue to get a reprieve. 

Among the student loan borrowers impacted by the extended pause on repayment are individuals who defaulted on loans in the Family Federal Education Loan (FFEL) Program.

Defaulted FFEL Program loans were added to the list of paused student loans in March 2021, with relief backdated to March 13, 2020. The move was estimated to impact more than 1 million borrowers and protect 800,000 people from having their federal tax refunds seized due to their defaulted student loans.

FFEL loans in good standing are not affected

Federal student loan interest charges and collections activities have been stalled since March 2020 in response to COVID-19. However, until March 2021, these relief measures applied only to federally held student loans — not private student loans or loans held by guaranty agencies. The announcement in March 2021 was the first time borrowers with defaulted FFEL loans were protected.

Borrowers who meet the eligibility requirements will see relief retroactively applied to March 13, 2020, says Mark Kantrowitz, leading national student loan expert. “All collection activity on these loans will be suspended retroactively, so any wage garnishments and offsets of income tax refunds will be refunded to the borrower.” Additionally, if a borrower voluntarily made payments on their defaulted loan, they can request a refund on the payments made. Borrowers should also see default status initiated after March 13, 2020, removed from their credit reports.

One important caveat is that only borrowers currently in default can benefit from this relief. Borrowers with FFEL loans in good standing are still subject to interest charges, as are borrowers with private student loans. The goal of this move was to protect borrowers who would otherwise have seen their tax refunds seized this year due to defaulted loans.

What to do if you need help with your student loan payments

Private student loans are not eligible for the waiver, explains Kantrowitz, and it’s highly unlikely that they will be affected by federal policy in the future. Borrowers with private student loans — or FFEL loans in good standing — should contact their lender if they’re experiencing financial hardship. Even though interest charges are still in effect, many lenders have added forbearance programs in response to COVID-19.

Federal borrowers can take advantage of the payment pause currently in effect through Dec. 31, 2022. Any funds you would be putting toward your federal loans could be instead applied to private student loans, credit card debt or emergency expenses. If you don’t have other debt, you may also continue making payments interest-free to pay down as much of your principal as you can. This will help you pay down that debt quicker — and cheaper.

Frequently asked questions

  • Amid the COVID-19 emergency, collections on federal student loans were paused, including FFEL loans. Individuals who defaulted on FFEL loans on March 13, 2020, or anytime after are to have any garnishments or offsets refunded.In addition, as part of the COVID relief measures, the interest rate on your FFEL loan was to be set to 0% from March 13, 2020. Loans were also to be returned to good standing and the default removed from your credit profile. No action is required on your part for these changes to be implemented.
  • For an FFEL loan to be eligible for forgiveness, it must be consolidated into a Direct Consolidation Loan.
  • Payments are not required during the pause. If you defaulted on or after March 13, 2020, your loan should automatically be returned to good standing. There is no action needed on your part.