In many cases, credit cards offer the quickest path to improved financial standing, but what if your current score isn’t high enough to qualify for a card?
Having less-than-ideal credit happens. In fact, just over 40 percent of Americans have a FICO credit score under 700. Here’s Bankrate’s guide to building credit without a credit card and getting your score back on track.
8 ways to build credit without a credit card
When it comes to building up your credit score, cards aren’t your only option. Although credit reporting agencies often use credit card purchases and payments to evaluate your creditworthiness, this approach isn’t exclusive to cards.
If you’re making payments on time and keeping your debt-to-credit ratio low (below 30 percent, ideally), you can build up enough credit to qualify for the card you want.
Get a credit builder loan
When you apply for a credit builder loan, lenders place the full amount — typically between $300 and $1,000 — into a secure account. Unlike a regular loan, you can’t access the money right away. Instead, you make a fixed payment every month until you’ve paid off the entire loan and then get the full amount back. Credit builder loans offer a great way to build credit because you’re making regular payments but aren’t spending extra money. All payments are reported to major credit bureaus to help boost your credit rating.
Apply for a personal loan
Personal loans can also help build credit if you make payments on time and pay back the loan in full as soon as possible. While these loans typically have higher APRs than credit builder loans (especially if you have a limited credit history or previously defaulted on loans), they can help establish a solid credit starting point.
Consider a car loan
Car loans count toward good credit when you make on-time payments. You won’t reap this benefit if you pay cash, so if you need a car and want to build credit, look for a low-to-medium APR with monthly payments you can afford.
Repay an existing loan
Repaying existing loans — such as student loans — can improve your credit rating if you pay on time and don’t default on the loan.
Report alternate payments
Many creditors now recognize that student loans, auto loans and personal loans are just the tip of the credit iceberg. As a result, they’re often willing to consider alternative payment data to help build your credit score.
Apply for a secured credit card
Secured credit cards have lower approval thresholds than their unsecured counterparts because cardholders need to supply a cash deposit in advance. The amount of this deposit typically equals your available credit — meaning that a $200 deposit gets you $200 in credit, $500 gets you $500 and so on. Secured cards let you make purchases and payments and may even come with cash back or other bonuses. Some credit companies offer credit increase plans that raise your limit after a set amount of on-time payments.
Become an authorized user
Many credit companies allow cardholders to add authorized users. As an authorized user, you receive a physical card and access to the main cardholder’s line of credit — all without a credit check. This lets you make purchases and have overall card activity reported to credit bureaus without requiring you to apply for a card on your own. It’s worth noting, however, if the main cardholder fails to make payments or spends above the credit limit, your credit will also be impacted.
While most landlords don’t report your monthly rent payment to credit agencies, this consistent payment structure can help demonstrate a pattern of financial consistency. Other recurring payments, such as cable, internet and mobile phone contracts, can also help boost your credit. Ask your landlord and telecommunication provider to report your data or contact credit agencies directly.
It’s also worth noting that no matter how you choose to build credit — such as by getting a personal loan, a secured card or becoming an authorized user — your success depends on three key factors:
Make payments on time
Ensuring your payments are always on-time is the best way to boost your credit. Not only do you avoid any cash penalties or APR increases, but you show the pattern of financial consistency that credit agencies want to see.
Manage your debt-to-credit ratio
The higher this ratio, the slower you’ll build credit. Calculated by comparing your current credit balances to outstanding debts, agencies are looking for ratios of 30 percent or less. For example, if you have a secured card with a $1,000 limit and a $300 balance, your debt-to-credit ratio is 30 percent. Less than 10 percent is ideal and more than 50 percent makes it difficult to establish a good credit score.
Maximize your credit history
The longer your history of making payments on time and keeping your debt under control, the better your credit score. If you’re just starting to build credit or are recovering from recent financial difficulties, however, your history is often limited. Help jump-start your credit score by reporting as much data as possible — from rent and student loan payments to vehicle and personal loan details.
By making on-time payments, keeping an eye on your debt-to-credit ratio and considering options such as taking out a credit-builder or personal loan, reporting alternative credit data or applying for a secured credit option, you can get your credit rating back on track.