mortgage

Mortgage rates bloom despite Fed's gloom

Mortgage rates inched up this week, despite the Fed's latest efforts to hold rates low. Some experts worry that as investors gain confidence in the economy, rates may keep climbing. Others say there's still plenty of bad economic news to keep rates at the bottom.

30 year fixed rate mortgage – 3 month trend
30 year fixed rate mortgage – 3 month trend

The benchmark 30-year fixed-rate mortgage rose 7 basis points this week to 4.25 percent, according to the Bankrate.com national survey of large lenders. A basis point is one-hundredth of 1 percentage point. The mortgages in this week's survey had an average total of 0.31 discount and origination points. One year ago, the mortgage index was 4.97 percent; four weeks ago, it was 4.21 percent.

The benchmark 15-year fixed-rate mortgage rose 6 basis points to 3.45 percent. The benchmark 5/1 adjustable-rate mortgage rose 3 basis points to 3.09 percent.

Weekly national mortgage survey

Results of Bankrate.com's Jan. 25, 2012, weekly national survey of large lenders and the effect on monthly payments for a $165,000 loan:

 30-year fixed15-year fixed5-year ARM
This week's rate:4.25%3.45%3.09%
Change from last week:+0.07+0.06+0.03
Monthly payment:$811.70$1,175.51$703.68
Change from last week:+$6.75+$4.85+$2.68

Are investors pushing rates up?

For months now, the debt crisis in Europe and the weak economy in the United States have helped mortgage rates, but the trend is shifting, says Dan Green, a loan officer at Waterstone Mortgage in Cincinnati.

"The forces that combine to bring mortgage rates down all seem to be subsiding," he says. "Greece is closer to resolution; the jobs market is returning; the U.S. economy is heating up."

Featured Rates

Even though the debt crisis in Europe still remains a major threat to the global economy, investors seem to have gotten used to the idea of a potential default, says Brett Sinnott, director of secondary market at CMG Mortgage in San Ramon, Calif.

"A Greek default is not scaring people as much as it used to," he says. "It's like, if you talk about something enough, you get used to it, even if it's bad. They keep kicking the can down the road, but nothing is actually happening yet."

Sinnott says this week's rate increase already affected the volume of refinance applications.

The volume of mortgage applications declined 5 percent last week, compared to the previous week, according to the Mortgage Bankers Association.

Higher fees add pressure to rates

Another factor adding pressure to rates is a recent increase in fees Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac charge lenders. That increase will get passed on to borrowers and will translate into about an eighth to a quarter of a percentage hike in interest for a 30-year fixed mortgage.

But Fed wants low rates

The Fed isn't as optimistic about the economy, and it's determined to keep rates low.

"While indicators point to some further improvement in overall labor market conditions, the unemployment rate remains elevated," read the Federal Open Market Committee's statement on Wednesday. "Household spending has continued to advance, but growth in business fixed investment has slowed, and the housing sector remains depressed."

The Fed says it will keep the key federal funds rate near zero until late 2014. Previously, it had committed to keeping the rate low until mid-2013. While the federal funds rate isn't directly tied to mortgage rates, it influences their direction.

It also will continue to reinvest in long-term securities and mortgage-backed securities, which is another way to keep rates low.

David Kuiper, a mortgage planner at First Place Bank in Holland, Mich., says he doesn't foresee higher rates anytime soon.

"People still see investing in the United States as a safe haven," he says. "But you don't want to take a chance."

That's especially true for homeowners who have rates in the 6 percent or 7 percent range.

"If they lock now, they are still so ahead of the game," he says.

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