Personal income tax
The state of Wyoming does not levy a personal or corporate income tax.
Neither does the state assess any tax on retirement income earned and received from another state.
Wyoming has a state sales tax of 4 percent.
The Department of Revenue also administers 49 sales and use tax exemptions.
Counties have the option of collecting an additional 1 percent general purpose tax, and a 0.25 percent economic development tax. There also is a county lodging tax that varies from 2 percent to 4 percent.
The state also collects a use tax of 4 percent on items purchased elsewhere and brought into Wyoming. Taxpayers should file Form 44, Consumers and Non-Licensed Vendors, to report and pay use tax on out-of-state purchases.
Personal and real property taxes
All property tax is based on the assessed value of the property. Wyoming's Department of Revenue's Ad Valorem Tax Division supports, trains and guides local government agencies in the uniform assessment, valuation and taxation of locally assessed property.
Wyoming's property tax rate is 11.5 percent for industrial property and 9.5 percent for commercial, residential and all other property.
The residence and any additional structures and land are valued. Property taxes are not charged on home furnishings or furniture except where they are part of a furnished rental property.
"Assessed value" means taxable value. Wyoming is a "fractional assessment" state. This means property tax applies to only a fraction of the full market value of property. This fraction is the property's assessed value. For most property, only 9.5 percent of market value is subject to tax. Consequently, a home worth $100,000 on the market is only taxed on $9,500 in assessed value. The real effect of fractional assessments is to exempt $90,500 of the home's value from taxation.
All taxable property is appraised at its fair market value as of Jan. 1 of each year. The taxpayer deadline for filing statement of personal property is March 1, unless a written request for extension is received no later than Feb. 15.
Personal property held for personal or family use (excluding mobile homes) is tax-exempt. Inventory if held for resale, pollution control equipment, cash, accounts receivable, stocks and bonds are also exempt. Other exemptions include property used for religious, educational, charitable, fraternal, benevolent and government purposes and improvements for handicapped access.
Minerals are exempt from property tax, but incur a gross products tax and a severance tax when produced. Underground mining equipment is tax-exempt.
Wyoming also offers an array of partial exemptions and property tax relief programs for certain taxpayers, including veterans, homeowners, elderly and disabled taxpayers and lower-income citizens.
Inheritance and estate taxes
Because of the phaseout of the federal estate tax credit, Wyoming's estate tax is not imposed on estates of persons who died in 2005 and thereafter.
There is no inheritance tax in Wyoming.
Other Wyoming tax facts
Wyoming does not impose a tax on intangible assets such as bank accounts, stocks or bonds.
Neither does Wyoming assess any tax on retirement income earned and received from another state.
The Wyoming Internet Filing System allows business owners to register for licenses and file taxes (e.g., sales and use taxes, contractor registration and reporting, cigarette and other tobacco taxes) with the state's Excise Tax Division.