Teens may be the recession's hardest hit demographic. According to the Department of Labor, the unemployment rate for teens ages 16 through 19 is north of 20 percent, higher than workers in any other age group. While teens typically have some financial support from their parents, high school and college students in need of summer cash could find themselves without jobs. Consider these six ways to make money if the summer jobs aren't there.
Internships and apprenticeshipsTwo of the fastest ways to land a post-grad job -- internships and apprenticeships -- are solid investments in your future, says Tom Cath, director of Valparaiso University's career center in Valparaiso, Ind.
"A lot of organizations that offer these programs don't advertise them," says Cath. "Students need to take a lot of initiative, make inquiries, approach prospective employers whether there's a listing or not."
While apprenticeship programs are always paid, lucrative internships may be a bit harder to find this year. Unpaid opportunities are available by the boatload.
"If you get an unpaid internship, ask for a stipend for parking, transportation or meals," says Cath. "Also, ask (your school) for academic credit in return. That way, you're at least getting a little financial help."
Cath adds that students may also be able to find fiscal help through internship grants available at their school's career center, financial aid office or academic department.
Cooperative learning programsRearrange your college schedule and a co-op could be in your future. Designed to help students earn while they learn, co-ops require students to attend school full time for one semester, then work full time in a paid job related to their field of study for the next. The National Commission for Cooperative Education, a Boston-based advocacy group, reports that co-op students tend to earn more than those with summer jobs (anywhere from $200 to $1,167 per month) and 95 percent of co-op students find jobs immediately upon graduation. Since co-ops typically run during the school year and usually require at least one semester to set up, interested students can visit their career center or experiential learning office to discuss the possibility of attending school full-time this summer and working a co-op position for fall semester.
Research grantsGet paid to build your resume. Available through colleges themselves as well as through private companies and governmental bodies, research grants can help students pay for college, room and board while they study.
Cynthia Favre, director of career management at Gustavus Adolphus College in Saint Peter, Minn., says you need to apply for grants early. "Normally students start looking for jobs in April, but for these programs you have to start in February or March," says Favre. "For fall semester, they need to start looking the (spring) semester before."
The best place to start the hunt, says Favre, is within their school. Once students have exhausted options available through their academic department and financial aid office, they can find additional opportunities through scholarship sites, the federal government at students.gov and professional associations in their field.