Get your home in shape for hurricane season
Getting your home ready for hurricane season is one of those things you don't want to put off. When a big storm is approaching, it may be too late to protect your property from high winds and flying debris.
An above-average season is forecast for the Atlantic basin this year. The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, or NOAA, expects 13 to 20 named storms, of which seven to 11 could become hurricanes, with three to six of those being Category 3 or above with sustained winds in excess of 111 mph.
There's much you can do now so you won't get caught making last-minute -- and probably inadequate -- preparations to get your home ready for hurricanes.
"If you buy shutters or other coverings with product approvals and use licensed contractors who pull building permits, you're on your way to protecting your home," says engineer Jose Mitrani, an associate professor of construction management at Florida International University in Miami.
"And be sure that inspections are done of the work," says Mitrani, who served on building code task forces after Hurricane Andrew, a Category 5 storm that tore through South Florida in 1992.
Roof cover damage is the biggest reason for hurricane insurance claims that are not related to storm surges, says the Insurance Institute for Business & Home Safety, or IBHS, in Tampa, Fla.
A cascade of trouble can happen when a roof is roughed up by a hurricane: Water gets in through gaps in the roof decking, which soaks the attic insulation, which collapses the ceiling, which damages your furniture and other belongings when wet wallboard and insulation fall on them.
And that's if your roof mostly stays intact. If your roof lacks truss tie-downs known as hurricane straps or its gable ends are unbraced or improperly braced, you stand a greater chance of losing part of or the entire roof over your head.
That's why the IBHS and the Federal Alliance for Safe Homes, or FLASH, suggest you take these roof precautions now before hurricane season revs up.
- Nail or caulk loose roof tiles or shingles.
- On a metal roof, check for rust and loose anchoring.
- Install hurricane straps. (Consider hiring a licensed contractor to do this.)
- Brace gable ends. (Ditto on hiring a professional.)
- Install a backup water barrier under the roof cover if necessary.
The IBHS also suggests you check your attic's ventilation. Loose eave and gable end vents, soffits and turbines all provide opportunities for water to enter your attic.
Window and door coverings
To a great extent, getting your home hurricane-ready means making sure it's equipped with the right hurricane-resistant window and door coverings. They run a gamut that includes various types of shutters, panels, screens and sheeting, as well as impact-glass windows and doors.
Plywood is cheap but considered an emergency measure -- and it's little help unless you size and anchor it correctly.
Mitrani says even the smallest windows must be covered because in a major storm, smaller openings are actually subjected to higher wind pressures than larger areas such as the side of your house.
The average window area to be covered (including doors with windows) is about 15 percent of a home's total square footage, according to the IBHS. A 2,000-square-foot home would need about 300 square feet of shutters. If your shutters cost $20 per square foot, you'll spend $6,000.
The IBHS notes that some coverings can be installed only by professionals and cost up to $30 per square foot of opening. Do-it-yourself products cost about half as much.