Women are generally more concerned about their financial security than men and more likely to save, yet they are just as willing to change their investment allocation to improve returns.
Investment News compiled the results of two studies, from BlackRock and Bank of America Merrill Lynch, to identify five financial characteristics common to women.
Their instinct is to save
What would you do with an extra $200 per month? More women -- 45 percent of respondents -- say they would save it, versus 38 percent of men in the BlackRock survey of 17,500 respondents. More women than men also say they would use it to pay off debt or spend it on the children.
They don't adequately plan for retirement
The BlackRock survey also revealed that 45 percent of women don't understand how much money they need to retire, versus 55 percent of men. While a nearly equal number of men and women say they want a financially comfortable retirement, only 53 percent of women have begun saving for that goal, compared with 62 percent of men.
They feel insecure about money
A Bank of America Merrill Lynch survey found that of the more than 11,500 respondents, 55 percent of women agree with the statement: "I know less than the average investor about financial markets and investing in general." While only 27 percent of men agreed with the statement, the survey suggests that the sentiment does not necessarily correlate with investor competence.
They are nervous about the future
In the BlackRock survey, 52 percent of women formed opinions based on market volatility and economic uncertainty that led them to describe their financial outlook as "frustrated" or "pessimistic." That compares with 43 percent of men who said the same.
Women "place greater emphasis than men on day-to-day financial planning and maintaining the household balance sheet -- but this focus also seems to undercut engagement around longer-horizon activities such as retirement planning as well as investment," Sue Thompson, a managing director at BlackRock, said in a release.
They want market returns
Just about an equal number of male and female respondents in the Merrill Lynch survey said they are willing to make investment changes and take on some risk to improve returns. "When you control for factors such as age and lifestyle goals, the risk-taking profiles of men and women aren't all that different," Michael Liersch, head of behavioral finance at Merrill Lynch Wealth Management, said in a release.
But "risk" is a word with many implications because the definition is personal and it likely depends on how the question is asked. The BlackRock survey, for example, found that both men and women investors are cautious. Only 22 percent of women and 34 percent of men say they are willing to take on higher risk for a bigger return.
Men and women approach debt differently. Read about how understanding those differences can help with financial planning.
Keep up with your wealth and mortgages and follow me on Twitter.
Get more news, money-saving tips and expert advice by signing up for a free Bankrate newsletter.