Low interest rates present a challenge, so it’s important to carefully compare savings products such as a one-year CD. A certificate of deposit is one of the safest investment choices available, since deposits with banks are insured by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corp. to $250,000 per depositor. Credit unions are covered by the National Credit Union Association.
Definition of a 1-year CD
A one-year CD is a certificate of deposit that extends for an entire year. Investors commit to a minimum deposit and must stay in the instrument until the maturity date or pay a penalty.
Advantages of a 1-year CD
Interest rates vary according to the term and sometimes by the amount of the deposit. In general, the longer the term, the higher the interest rate. A one-year CD appeals to many savers because the rate will be higher than for a short-term CD, yet the money is invested for just one year.
Penalties apply for early withdrawal of the funds in a CD. However, this can be an important incentive to let your savings grow with interest.
Disadvantages of a 1-year CD
While a one-year CD is a safe investment, it has a couple of disadvantages: First, because it is a virtually risk-free investment, the return can be low. Second, the money placed in a CD cannot be withdrawn without a penalty. If interest rates rise or another investment seems more lucrative, the funds will not be available without incurring a cost.
Who benefits most from a 1-year CD?
Savers seeking a safe, relatively short-term investment benefit most from a one-year CD.