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I’ve gotten into the habit of paying my credit cards off every two weeks, and I recommend this strategy to everyone. While you should always strive to pay your bills in full to avoid interest, this approach is even more impactful for cardholders who carry balances.
If you carry credit card debt from month to month, you don’t have a grace period. Interest is accumulating every single day. There are slightly different ways that card issuers calculate this — it’s often a daily periodic interest rate applied to your daily balance — but the main point is that if you have credit card debt, interest is constantly accruing. and paying sooner is always better than waiting until later.
If you pay your entire credit card statement balance, then the next month you should benefit from a grace period. The Credit CARD Act mandates that if issuers have grace periods, and they typically do, then they must last at least 21 days. For example, one of my credit cards emailed me a statement on Dec. 8. Since I paid the entire balance the previous month, I won’t be charged any interest if I pay in full by Jan. 5.
Cardholders who pay in full can ride the float even longer, depending on when they made their purchases. Expanding on my previous example, if I made a purchase on Dec. 9, that bill wouldn’t even arrive until Jan. 8, and I’d be interest-free until Feb. 5 (again, assuming I paid in full the previous month).
Still, I like paying my credit cards much more often than that.
Start a payday ritual of an extra midmonth payment
I’ve turned it into a payday ritual — every other Friday. One tangible benefit is a lower credit utilization ratio, which helps my credit score. A credit utilization ratio is how much credit you’re using divided by your total credit limit. It’s calculated per card and across all your cards combined. A lot of people don’t realize they might have a high credit utilization ratio even if they pay their entire statement balances each month.
Credit utilization is usually reported on your statement date, so if you made $4,000 in charges against a $5,000 limit, you have a very high 80 percent utilization ratio — even if you pay the whole amount before interest is charged. It’s usually best to keep that ratio under 30 percent, and even lower is better. Many people with excellent credit scores keep their utilization under 10 percent. Making an extra mid-month payment or two is a helpful way to accomplish that.
Extra payments also help you monitor your budget
If your cards are “out of sight, out of mind,” you might have a nasty surprise waiting for you when the statement arrives. That’s especially true this time of year, thanks to holiday shopping, travel, parties and so forth. Even if you don’t like the extra midmonth payment idea, at the very least, you should be logging in to your credit card issuers’ apps and websites every week or so to keep tabs on your spending. Look for fraudulent transactions while you’re at it.
Credit and debit cards can help you map out your spending habits because they provide a digital or paper trail. When we spend cash, sometimes it’s hard to remember where all that money went. And once you know where you’ve been, you’ll be better equipped to set your future course.
What to do if you’re already in credit card debt
Get a 0 percent balance transfer card — these offers last as long as 21 months. Take on a side hustle, or sell unneeded possessions. Whatever you can do to cut your expenses, or funnel as much extra money toward your credit card debt as you can, as often as you can.
Credit card debt is easy to get into and hard to get out of. Interest rates are very high, with today’s average credit card rate close to 21 percent. A recent Bankrate study finds that 47 percent of cardholders are carrying debt from month to month, and about 60 percent have been in debt for at least a year.
Look for a warning sign in your credit card statement
You might be about to fall into credit card debt if you’re able to pay your monthly statement balances in full, but you’re not able to afford the extra charges that you made between the statement close date and your payment date. That’s the difference between the “statement balance” and the “current balance” you see when you pay your credit card bills online.
If you can pay the statement balance but not the current balance, you’re living close to the edge. You’re essentially depending on your next paycheck to fund the purchases you already made. An every-other-week payment routine gets you out of this rut. You get ahead of your bills rather than playing catch-up all the time. Plus, becoming more conscious about your money helps you avoid overspending — and lets you instead focus on what’s most important in your life.