-- Lisa Long-View
Your hypothetical seems quite plausible to me. But readers may be wondering, is that really hypothetical, or is this something you are planning? After all, you mentioned 28 years specifically. The way we are set up, I guess we won't know the answer. But this is pretty juicy!
As to the question, an ex-wife who remarries is eligible for a spousal benefit based on her new husband's work record. Should that marriage end, the spouse can choose to use the first husband's work record to determine the spousal benefit.
Here's how the Social Security Administration phrases it: "If your divorced spouse remarries, he or she generally cannot collect benefits on your record unless their later marriage ends (whether by death, divorce or annulment)."
Since wages subject to Social Security taxes cap out at about $113,000 in 2013, the newer husband could be a lot less prosperous and still offer a similar spousal benefit to his bride as the ex-husband without the marital sleight of hand.
The maximum monthly Social Security retirement benefit in 2013 is $2,533. The spousal benefit at the spouse's full retirement age is half that or $1,266.50. This maximum benefit number is adjusted annually.
How about this as a hypothetical? Wait to remarry until after age 60. Then, when eligible, receive a spousal benefit based on the husband's work record and later receive a survivors benefit as the surviving divorced spouse after the ex-husband passes.
Alternately you -- sorry, she -- could marry the new guy, then, after qualifying for it, collect a spousal benefit based on his work record until the ex-husband dies. After that, one would divorce the second husband to get the survivors benefit from the first ex-husband, which is equal to his full benefit at the time of his death. I like the "waiting to remarry" strategy better than the "marry and divorce" approach.
Since the survivors benefit is much more valuable than the spousal benefit, this person would want to focus on a marital strategy that gets the benefit after the first husband dies.