Electric vehicles: From the 1800s to today

Don't let the minimalist design or ultralow emissions fool you. Electric vehicles may look every bit like cars of the future, but they've been around for years.


Earliest models
19th-century growth


EV early heyday
Petroleum powers up
No need to crank
Electric dinosaurs
Simmering interest
OPEC oil
California sparks resurgence
Hybrids come to market


New EVs and hybrids launch
Worldwide acceptance

Source: International Energy Agency,


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