Don't ignore the IRS
The key to surviving last-minute tax filing is realizing the IRS will not be ignored.
These guys aren't kidding around when they set deadlines. The IRS wants your paperwork, and it wants it now. If you don't file your return today and you owe taxes, you may owe an additional penalty for failure to file unless you can show reasonable cause. The assessment is 5 percent per month (or any part of a month, even just a day) of your balance due.
Even if you file on time but don't pay what you owe, the IRS can charge you. This nonpayment penalty is 0.5 of 1 percent of the tax due each month, or any part of a month, that isn't paid. The fine continues until it reaches 25 percent of your late payment.
If both penalties apply in any month, you get a small break on the failure-to-file penalty. The IRS will reduce it by what it's charging you for not paying, making your potential maximum nonfiling penalty "only" 22.5 percent.
- Not filing your return will cost you an additional 5 percent each month of any due tax.
- Not paying what you owe will add an extra charge of 0.5 percent each month of your due tax amount to your overall IRS debt.
- If you don't file or pay for five months, the 0.5 percent failure-to-pay penalty will accrue, up to 25 percent of what you owe, until the tax is paid.
- In that case, the total penalty for failure to file and pay could amount to 47.5 percent of your tax bill.
- If you file your return more than 60 days after the due date or extended due date, the minimum penalty is the smaller of $135 or 100 percent of the unpaid tax.
- Interest also is charged on the overdue amount.
But when you combine the late-filing and nonpayment penalties, even with the IRS "discount" on the late-filing charge, your total tax penalties could be substantial if you continue to ignore your tax responsibilities. Put off filing and paying for five months, and the 0.5 percent failure-to-pay penalty continues to run, up to 25 percent, until the tax is paid. This means your total penalty for failure to file and pay could amount to a whopping 47.5 percent (22.5 percent for late filing, 25 percent for late payment) of the tax owed.
The IRS also charges interest on the amount of taxes due. The rate is the federal short-term rate plus 3 percentage points, and it is adjusted quarterly.
And if your return is more than 60 days late, the minimum failure-to-file penalty is the smaller of $135 or 100 percent of the tax required to be shown on the return.
Interest charges also will continue to add up -- on the penalties, too. So let's get started and get your taxes done!
The IRS is not completely heartless. It offers some penalty relief to taxpayers who will face an undue hardship if they pay their tax bills by the deadline. This relief applies to income taxes, as well as to self-employment taxes.
An undue hardship is more than a financial inconvenience. You must send the IRS supporting documentation that shows you will have a substantial monetary loss, such as selling property at a much lower price than you could get under ideal circumstances, if you pay your tax on time.
In these cases, the IRS will waive the late-payment penalty if the eligible taxpayers pay tax and interest due by Oct. 15. However, interest on the due tax will continue to accrue. To apply for penalty abatement, file Form 1127, Application for Extension of Time for Payment of Tax Due to Undue Hardship.
Another shot at postponement
Since you've waited this long, you might be inclined to put off the inevitable a bit longer. Guess what? You can -- sort of.
The IRS will wait for your return until Oct. 15 if you file for an automatic extension. You can do this by sending in Form 4868, Application for Automatic Extension of Time to File U.S. Individual Income Tax Return. You can e-file the extension request from your home computer or have your tax professional who is an IRS authorized e-filer do so for you. Regardless of which method you choose, the extension request also must be made by April 15, or postmarked with that date if you snail mail it.
The extension will give you six more months to get your tax act together. But you don't have to wait until that ultimate deadline. Anytime you get your tax-filing material in order before then, you can send in your 1040.
Filing this form won't delay any money you owe Uncle Sam. While he'll wait patiently for your paperwork if you ask, he wants the money on its way today -- or all those interest and late-payment fees will be tacked on to your final bill.
How do you know how much to send? You don't have to be precise. As long as the amount comes to 90 percent of what you eventually owe when you crunch all the numbers, you'll be OK with the IRS.
The easiest way to estimate the amount to pay is to look over last year's tax return. If your financial and tax situation are basically the same as last year -- you have the same job, still married, two kids, deductible mortgage interest -- then what you owe this year is likely to be close to the amount you owed last year.