Fitting annuities into a retirement plan
Dear Dr. Don,
I am selling my home in the Northeast and relocating to the South, downsizing to a smaller condo. I am single and will turn 59 years old at the end of the year. The new condo was purchased with cash. My savings are in a 401(k) valued at about $135,000. My pension lump sum is about $950 a month if taken at age 60. I have about $60,000 in checking accounts. At age 62, my monthly Social Security retirement benefits will be approximately $1,150.
My questions are: Where should I invest my home sales proceeds of approximately $188,000-$200,000? Should I call an investment manager and have them help me select an investment portfolio, or take half of the house sale money and look into purchasing an annuity instead? Also, where can you find a financial planner at a reasonable cost between $750 and $900 a year?
-- David Downsouth
First, I feel like this is a little like being in a good restaurant and trying to choose what to order from the menu. There are a number of possibly good choices. So, I'm not going to be able to suggest only 1 type of annuity product here for you.
Some questions for you
Are you interested in an immediate annuity, or do you want a deferred annuity? Are you looking at a variable annuity that invests in the stock market, or a fixed annuity that has a fixed interest rate? There are dozens of riders and options to customize an annuity to meet your retirement income needs. A financial planner can help you sort through the decisions.
Don't necessarily double-down
All that said, be cautious in buying annuity products because of their complexity. Retirees should think of their Social Security benefits as an inflation-indexed annuity that can limit the need for additional annuity products.
You can pay your financial planner by the hour. You can also pay a set amount a year for the planner's time. It sounds like you're trying to avoid a commissioned-based compensation model or an asset-under-management model when paying for financial advice.
Your target of up to $900 a year in adviser costs may be unrealistic. One company offers a financial advisory service and might be able to develop a financial plan for you for $1,000 or less, depending on your situation.
Timing is a question
Aside from portfolio and annuity considerations, think through the timing of when you plan to file for Social Security retirement benefits. You'll take a big reduction in benefits if you apply at age 62 instead of your full retirement age of 66. It may make sense to lean on your savings and pension for retirement income in your early 60s and to delay filing.
Get the big picture concerning your retirement income needs and how best to meet those needs. Getting professional advice is the right first step. It's not just investing. The questions also involve how you want to live, how to manage health care costs and which Social Security strategy is right for you. Good luck!
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