With low tuition price tags, nonexistent room and board costs and significantly reduced student fees, vocational training schools and technical colleges are cheaper than four-year institutions, but may be harder to pay for. Because vocational students have lower costs, they also have reduced fiscal need and therefore qualify for fewer and lower federal grants than four-year students, say the experts.
Some vocational students won't qualify for need-based federal aid like the Pell Grant, but merit-based awards, dislocated worker assistance and other programs are available. Here are some waysto pay for vocational, technical and trade schools.
The government is bigger than FAFSAStudents should start the search for vocational aid by filling out the Free Application for Federal Student Aid at www.fafsa.ed.gov, says Anne Falk, financial aid assistant for the South Hills School of Business & Technology in State College, Pa. Then they should check out other federally funded options.
"Vocational students are still eligible for the same federal grants and loans as four-year students, but they're also eligible for funds through the Trade Adjustment Assistance program," she says. "A lot of students have a large portion of their tuition at vocational schools paid for through those programs."
Currently, the Trade Adjustment Assistance program provides dislocated workers who have lost their jobs to overseas competition up to 104 weeks of paid occupational training they can use to attend technical colleges as well as four-year institutions. As of this past January, the Department of Labor created two additional job training grants totaling $250 million to help dislocated and young workers transition into such "green" occupations as hybrid auto technicians, weatherization specialists, wind and energy auditors and solar panel installers. Workers who aren't transitioning into a green field will be eligible for financial aid and low-cost retraining, too, says Veronica Meury, executive director and vice-president of Universal Technical Institute Foundation, the Phoenix-based funding arm of Universal Technical Institute vocational school.
"Through the Workforce Investment Act, there are vocational programs for disadvantaged youth, vets through the Veteran's Administration and programs for the military and National Guard," she says. "Representatives from the Native American community could qualify for extra money and free courses as well."
To maximize their federal funding, future technical school students should first fill out the FAFSA form, then head to their local One-Stop Career Center for information on retraining opportunities. Making contact with your state department of labor can be beneficial as well. Certain states like Michigan have separate funds to train workers to fill high-demand occupations in the area.
Job Corps and apprenticeship programsYounger workers who need more than just coursework may be able to find a helping hand through Job Corps or apprenticeship gigs, says Michael Thurmond, commissioner of the Georgia Department of Labor in Atlanta.
"The benefit there is that (apprenticeship) programs combine vocational training with on-the-job experience," says Thurmond. "With an apprenticeship, the employer usually pays the student's tuition and gives them a paid job so the student isn't going into debt."