Debt Management Basics
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Debt management plans affect your credit

Signing on for a debt-management plan may give you more breathing room in your monthly budget, but will it hurt your credit? Not as much as you may think.

Using a debt-management plan to pay off debt won't hurt your credit score, but it may make it difficult to qualify for new credit.

Protect the credit score

When you enroll in a debt-management program, you write a monthly check to a credit-counseling agency and the agency pays your creditors. A debt-management plan usually lasts three or four years. A comment stating that you're paying an account through a credit-counseling agency appears on your credit report and remains until the account is paid in full. Such a comment won't hurt your credit score in the least.

Since 1999, FICO has ignored any credit-counseling information when calculating a consumer's credit score.

"Frankly, we think consumers who participate in credit counseling shouldn't be punished in their FICO scores," says Craig Watts, public affairs senior manager for Fair Isaac Corp.

New credit

Still, participating in a debt-management plan could make it difficult for you to qualify for additional credit, and some debt-management plans prohibit consumers from applying for new credit anyway.

"Some creditors may see that a person is in a debt-management plan and decide that they have all the debt they can handle," says Maxine Sweet, vice president of consumer affairs for Experian. Other creditors might view participation in a debt-management plan as a positive step, a sign that a consumer has taken responsibility for and is serious about paying off debt.

The more a creditor bases a lending decision on a consumer's credit score, the less a consumer's participation in a debt-management plan is likely to matter.

"A typical creditor uses the scoring model. They don't look at the comment. They look at the scoring," Sweet says. Paying off a big chunk of debt on your own or with the help of a debt-management plan will give your credit score a boost.

Late payment hurts more

What will hurt your credit score? Being 30 or 60 days late with any payments. Those negative marks hurt your credit score and can mar your credit report for up to seven years. "The late pays hurt, not the comment that they're paying it through a counseling program," Sweet says.

Choose wisely

And that's why it's so important to choose a debt-management program carefully. If the agency administering the program misses or is late with a payment, it's your credit record that gets marred. Plus, enrollment and monthly fees for debt-management plans vary widely. Some companies may charge several hundred dollars for their services; others charge monthly fees of $20 or less.

With a debt-management plan, a consumer usually gets reduced interest rates, lower monthly payments, no more late fees and fewer calls and letters from creditors. Debt-counseling agencies get their operating money by receiving a percentage of each client's payments back from creditors.

If you're current on your bills, you may want to try negotiating new payment amounts and lower interest rates with creditors on your own. You never know what kind of deal you may land. And you may be able to make real headway on your debt by simply tightening your belt for a few months and freeing up more cash for debt payments.

Monitor your debt counselor

If your situation is more serious or you just feel plain overwhelmed, you may want to talk to a debt counselor. If you decide to sign on for a debt-management plan, be sure to monitor your credit bills carefully. Is the agency paying your bills on time as promised?

If you discover a problem with bills paid through a debt-consolidation company or credit counselor, report the company to a local consumer protection agency or state attorney general's office. You can also file a complaint with the Better Business Bureau.

Contact your creditors and explain what happened. Your credit record is ultimately your responsibility. Regardless of who made the mess, you'll have to clean it up.

Credit crazy
As of the end of 2005, Americans were more than $2.16 trillion in debt, according to the Federal Reserve. The National Foundation for Credit Counseling accredits debt counselors to help you manage your debt.

 

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