Investors and those following the movement of interest rates look at the movement of Treasury yields as an indicator of things to come. Their rates are considered an important benchmark: Because Treasury securities are backed by the full faith and credit of the U.S. Treasury, they represent the rate at which investment is considered risk-free.
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|This week||Month ago||Year ago|
|One-Year Treasury Constant Maturity||0.05||0.06||0.16|
|91-day T-bill auction avg disc rate||0.02||0.02||0.13|
|182-day T-bill auction avg disc rate||0.04||0.04||0.16|
|Two-Year Treasury Constant Maturity||0.16||0.16||0.17|
|Five-Year Treasury Constant Maturity||0.80||0.85||0.34|
|Ten-Year Treasury Constant Maturity||1.64||1.64||0.69|
|One-Year CMT (Monthly)||0.06||0.08||0.18|
Since investors in riskier investments command a higher return as compensation, the yields on many bonds and money market instruments are priced at a spread over the corresponding risk-free Treasury rate. Yields on money markets and certificates of deposit are often priced relative to yields on Treasuries of a similar length. Adjustable rate mortgages can be indexed to the one-year Treasury. Fixed mortgage rates are closely linked to movements in long-term Treasury yields, as mortgages are often packaged together and sold as mortgage-backed bonds. Yields on short-term Treasuries can behave differently from yields on longer-term Treasuries.