Before the coronavirus recession, Utah’s housing market was on fire. Then came the COVID-19 pandemic, which sent residents of Northern California and Seattle in search of affordable homes and more space, and an already-hot market grew hotter.
Dave Robison, past president of the Utah Association of Realtors, sums up the activity simply. “It’s insane,” says Robison, a real estate broker in Salt Lake City.
His assessment isn’t just salesmanship. Utah home prices have been soaring as Californians stream into the state. Utah boasts the nation’s strongest pace of job growth, along with rock-bottom unemployment, ultra-low mortgage rates, few mortgage delinquencies and low state and local taxes.
All those factors pushed Utah into first place in Bankrate’s Housing Heat Index in 2020, a spot it continues to hold for the third quarter of 2021. Residential real estate has boomed during the coronavirus recession, and Utah has emerged as a particularly desirable market.
Other states in the Mountain time zone also are thriving. Arizona and Idaho rank second and fifth, respectively, in Bankrate’s index.
At the opposite end of the list is Louisiana, where price appreciation is among the slowest in the nation and mortgage delinquencies are among the highest. Hawaii — a state that was hit hard by the COVID-19 pandemic — climbed from the bottom of Bankrate’s ranking. It rose from 51st in the first-quarter ranking to 16th in the index based on summer economic data.
The 5 states with the hottest housing economies
The Housing Heat Index shows how states’ real estate markets are faring in the coronavirus-fueled housing boom, and how they might perform in the future. To calculate the ranking, Bankrate analyzed six data points: annual home price appreciation, share of mortgages past due, unemployment, annual job growth, statewide cost of living index and state-by-state tax burdens.
These five states had the strongest housing economies in the third quarter of 2021:
- Utah. Its home values jumped 30 percent in the 12-month period that ended Sept. 30, second-best among U.S. states, according to the Federal Housing Finance Agency. Utah posted the second-strongest unemployment rate in the nation in June 2021, according to a Bankrate analysis of Labor Department data. What’s more, Utah’s tax burden is among the lowest in the nation, according to the Tax Foundation.
- Arizona. Home values surged 28 percent, and few homeowners have fallen behind on their loans.
- Washington. Home values are up 21 percent, job growth is surging and few borrowers are past due.
- Florida. The Sunshine State’s home values jumped 25 percent, job growth is strong and taxes are low.
- Nevada. Hit hard in the early days of the pandemic, Nevada has rebounded. Job growth is second-highest in the U.S.
Homebuyers seek affordability, space
The prominent rankings of states in the Mountain time zone illustrate a shift in the housing market: Americans are still drawn to healthy labor markets, but even before the coronavirus pandemic, they were growing less willing to pay up to live in places like San Jose, Seattle and Boston.
COVID-19 has pushed many — especially those who can work remotely — to leave the priciest areas for more affordable regions.
“We are seeing the makings of a renewed affordability migration,” says Mark Vitner, senior economist at Wells Fargo. “The beneficiaries of that shift have largely been the midsized metros in the mountain states of the West.”
The median price of a single-family home sold in Silicon Valley during the third quarter was a whopping $1.65 million, according to the National Association of Realtors. The typical price in Salt Lake City was $500,800 — above the national median, but not dramatically so, and just a fraction of the price paid by residents of Northern California.
The price gap has spurred many in high-cost markets to consider moving. The notion is especially appealing to workers who can take their high-wage jobs to areas with lower costs of living.
“People suddenly have the ability to choose where they live, because they’re not tethered to an office,” says Alicia Holdaway, an agent at Summit Sotheby’s International Realty in Draper, Utah, and past president of the Salt Lake City Board of Realtors. “We’ve had a net in-migration that’s been happening for years, and that’s only increased.”
Every boom brings its disadvantages, of course. In some cases, new arrivals to Utah’s housing market are flush with cash and willing to bid up prices.
“There’s always a flip side,” Holdaway says. “We’ve been seeing housing affordability become a crisis.”
The 5 states with the coolest housing economies
As a nationwide housing boom rages, every state saw property values increase during the 12 months that ended in September. However, some state economies are struggling with weak job growth and other challenges. The bottom 5 on our index:
- 47. Pennsylvania. This state posted poor showings across the board.
- 48. Mississippi. Low ranks in price appreciation and past-due mortgages placed Mississippi near the bottom of the pack.
- 49. Maryland. The state posted comparatively tepid appreciation of 12 percent, along with weak job growth.
- 50. Washington, D.C. The district ranked in the middle of the pack in several measures but was weighed down by weak job growth.
- 51. Louisiana. It ranks worst in past-due loans, with nearly 10 percent of homeowners behind on their mortgage payments. Louisiana also fares poorly on price appreciation, job growth and tax burden.
To calculate the Housing Heat Index for the third quarter of 2021, Bankrate analyzed six data points:
- annual home price appreciation for the third quarter as reported by the Federal Housing Finance Agency’s Home Price Index;
- share of mortgages past due for the third quarter as reported by the Mortgage Bankers Association;
- unemployment rate for September from the U.S. Labor Department;
- annual job growth as of September from the U.S. Labor Department;
- the cost of living index for 2021 from the Center for Regional Economic Competitiveness;
- state-by-state tax burdens for the 2020-21 fiscal year as reported by the Tax Foundation.
The index overweights home price appreciation, the metric that most clearly conveys a housing market’s desirability. And the index underweights cost of living and tax burden — home prices can soar despite those factors, but a new wave of remote work makes those factors more relevant than they were in the past.
|State||Overall rank||Appreciation rank||Past due loans rank||Job growth rank||Unemployment rank||Cost of living rank||Tax rank|
|District of Columbia||50||51||30||39||43||51||46|