30-year mortgage rate holds near record low

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The average cost of a 30-year fixed-rate mortgage held near its lowest point ever this week, settling at 2.81 percent — just one one-hundredth of a point higher than its all-time low, according to Freddie Mac.

With the U.S. economy in recession because of the coronavirus pandemic, mortgage rates have plunged.

In a separate survey of rates by Bankrate, the average 30-year rate did hit a new low, at 3.03 percent. The gap with Freddie Mac’s number is because Bankrate’s figure includes points and origination fees averaging 0.34 percent, while Freddie’s number excludes those costs. Freddie Mac said its average is accompanied by an average of 0.8 of a point.

“The record low mortgage rate environment is providing tangible support to the economy at a critical time, as housing continues to propel growth,” Sam Khater, Freddie Mac’s chief economist, said in a statement. “Strong purchase demand is helping to lift the construction, manufacturing and transportation industries that build new homes, and it is also leading to more consumer spending for owners, who are selling or improving their homes. On the refinance front, many consumers are smartly taking advantage of the ability to lower their monthly payment, which means they can spend, save or pay down debt more so than they have in the past.”

Record drop in economic activity drives rates down

In a U.S. economy hit hard by COVID-19 shutdowns, bright spots are rare. Many sectors are beginning to bounce back, but the recovery has been uneven. However, the real estate industry is one of those rare bright spots, thanks largely to the ongoing low interest rate trend. But home prices are still advancing at a rapid pace.

The S&P CoreLogic Case-Shiller index of home prices in 20 U.S. cities jumped 3.9 percent in July from a year earlier, the biggest one-month rise since 2018. Ultra-low rates and a lack of inventory have pushed prices up all over the country.

Mortgage rates are low partly because of Federal Reserve policy. The Fed said it plans to hold interest rates steady at near zero and for several more years.

More than half of the mortgage experts polled by Bankrate this week expect rates to fall next week.

“A combination of increased COVID-19 and no new stimulus package is a recipe for a stalling economy and mortgage rates heading lower,” said Jeff Lazerson, president of MortgageGrader.

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Written by
Zach Wichter
Mortgage reporter
Zach Wichter is a mortgage reporter at Bankrate. He previously worked on the Business desk at The New York Times where he won a Loeb Award for breaking news, and covered aviation for The Points Guy.
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