Safe and Sound

ABC Bank

Chicago, IL
4
Star Rating
Chicago, IL-based ABC Bank is an FDIC-insured bank started in 1891. The bank holds equity of $40.7 million on assets of $343.1 million, according to December 31, 2017, regulatory filings.

With 65 full-time employees in 4 offices in IL, the bank currently holds loans and leases worth $234.8 million, including real estate loans of $233.0 million. U.S. bank customers currently have $267.8 million in deposits with the bank.

Overall, Bankrate believes that, as of December 31, 2017, ABC Bank exhibited a good condition, earning 4 out of 5 stars for safety and soundness. Here's a breakdown of how the bank did on the three important criteria Bankrate used to grade U.S. banks.

WHAT IS
SAFE AND SOUND?

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THE INSTITUTION'S SCORE

Capital Score

When it comes to measuring an an institution's financial fortitude, capital is key. It works as a cushion against losses and affords protection for accountholders when a bank is experiencing economic instability. From a safety and soundness perspective, more capital is preferred.

ABC Bank did better than the national average of 13.13 points on our test to measure capital adequacy, scoring 14 out of a possible 30 points.

A bank's Tier 1 capital ratio is a widely used measure of this buffer. ABC Bank's Tier 1 capital ratio was 15.41 percent, exceeding the 6 percent level regulators consider adequate, but below the national average of 25.65 percent. A higher capital ratio suggests the bank will be better able to stand up to financial challenges.

Overall, ABC Bank held equity amounting to 11.86 percent of its assets, which was lower than the national average of 12.03 percent.

Asset Quality Score

In this test, Bankrate tries to estimate the impact of problem assets, such as past-due mortgages, on the bank's loan loss reserves and overall capitalization.

A bank with lots of these types of assets may eventually be required to use capital to absorb losses, shrinking its buffer of equity. Many of those assets are also likely to be in non-accrual status and thus aren't earning money, resulting in lower earnings and potentially more risk of a future failure.

ABC Bank came in below the national average of 37.49 on Bankrate's test of asset quality, racking up 32 out of a possible 40 points .

The percentage of problem assets a bank holds compared to its total assets is a widely used indicator of asset quality.As of December 31, 2017, 2.27 percent of ABC Bank's loans were noncurrent -- in other words, they were more than 90 days past due or were in non-accrual status. That's above the national average of 1.01 percent.

Banks keep a reserve to handle troubled assets known as an "allowance for loan and lease losses." How large that reserve is can be a handy indicator when evaluating a bank's ability to manage problem assets, especially when compared to the total amount of at-risk loans. Unfortunately, the FDIC did not provide information on ABC Bank's loan loss allowance in its most recent filings.

Earnings score

How profitable a bank is has an effect on its safety and soundness. Earnings can be retained by the bank, boosting its capital cushion, or be used to address problematic loans, likely making the bank better able to withstand economic shocks. Banks that are losing money, however, have less ability to do those things.

ABC Bank scored 14 out of a possible 30 on Bankrate's test of earnings, lower than the national average of 15.12.

Return on equity, calculated by dividing net income (essentially, profit) by the total amount of equity, is one key measure of a bank's earnings. The most recent annualized quarterly return on equity for ABC Bank was 6.23 percent, below the national average of 8.10 percent.

For the twelve months ended December 31, 2017, the bank earned net income of $2.5 million on total equity of $40.7 million. The bank had an annualized return on average assets, or ROA, of 0.72 percent, below the 1 percent deemed satisfactory in accordance with industry standards and below the average for U.S. banks of 1.00 percent.

WHAT IS SAFE & SOUND?

Bankrate.com's Safe & Sound Ratings provide a star rating system to evaluate the current financial status of financial institutions. The information gathered about banks, credit unions and thrifts is updated as set forth in the Terms of Use of Safe & Sound Ratings and Reports. The Safe & Sound Ratings information is grouped by categories of banks, thrifts and credit unions.

Scoring methodology

Bankrate.com evaluates the financial condition of institutions and assigns a one- to five-star rating for each with five stars representing the highest rating. Institutions with satisfactory performance will generally receive a rating of three or more stars. The majority of institutions fall into the three- to four-star range. An institution with an "NR" rating may be too new to rate or may have limited the publicly available information in their regulatory filings. The "NR" is not an indication of financial strength or weakness. The Safe & Sound rating is believed to be reliable, but the information is not guaranteed. In addition, events since the information was collected may have altered the institution's financial condition.