SAFE & SOUND® STAR RATINGS™

Memorandum on findings

FIRST STATE BANK, THE

660 CENTRAL AVENUE
BARBOURSVILLE, West Virginia 25504

STAR RATING: 1 star
Predictive Indicator neutral
As of June 30, 2014
Federal Reserve System Identifier 627425


HOLDING COMPANY INFORMATION

(Based on data from the previous quarter.)

This bank is not owned by a holding company.

INTRODUCTION

U.S. commercial banks are chartered under either federal or state jurisdiction for the purposes of accepting funds for deposit and extending loans to either individual or business borrowers. Banks are subject to credit, interest rate, and operational risk, and, because of both their public purpose and their importance to the nation’s economy, banks become the object of intense regulatory scrutiny.

U.S. thrift institutions are chartered under either federal or state jurisdiction for the primary purpose of utilizing deposited funds to issue loans secured by real estate. Currently, real estate-backed loans account for approximately 44% of total thrift industry assets, and one-to-four family residential mortgages comprise nearly 62% of the industry’s real estate loan portfolio. Thrift institutions are subject to credit, interest rate, and operational risk, and, during the last twenty years, thrifts have made great strides toward reducing historic mismatches between asset and liability maturities.

The Bankrate proprietary commercial bank rating model analyzes capitalization, asset quality, earnings, and liquidity and produces composite and component "Star" ratings that can be used as a measure of the rated entity's financial safety and soundness. Additionally, early warning components of the model highlight operating characteristics of immediate concern and recommended follow-up actions. "The analyses are not adjusted for TARP funding and those institutions receiving funds may receive ratings that would differ were the TARP funds adjusted out of the analyses. You can check whether or not this institution has received TARP funding and whether or not they have paid it back at http://projects.propublica.org/bailout/list/index."

INSTITUTIONAL HIGHLIGHTS
Institution Name FIRST STATE BANK, THE
Report Date June 30, 2014
Report Period 6 months
Star Composite Rating, Percentile Rank 1 /1.04
Predictive Indicator neutral
Earnings Rating, Percentile Rank 1 /6.43
Asset Quality Rating, Percentile Rank 1 /1.41
Capital Rating, Percentile Rank 1 /1.58
Liquidity Rating, Percentile Rank 2 /1.00
Institution Asset Size 253.0490 million
Deposits 223.5040 million
Loans 199.4350 million
Equity 19.1550 million
Net Profit/Loss -2,296.0000 thousand

COMPONENT HIGHLIGHTS

Component star rating: 1 star
Earnings Highlights

Bank profitability is critical to building capital, establishing adequate loss reserves, and providing dividends to shareholders.

Key Earnings information and ratios:Ratio (%)Assessment
Return on Equity-10.64Substantially Below Average
Net Interest Margin3.86Mid-Range
Level of Non-interest Income (1)1.94Solid
Overhead (1)4.81Significantly Higher Than Average
(1) = As a percentage of average assets
Note: All ratios are based on the latest four quarters of income and expense

Component star rating: 1 star
Asset quality highlights

Asset quality is a major determinant of the viability of any banking institution. Poor asset quality will have a very direct impact upon the other components and bank regulators invest substantial amounts of time and resources in gauging the quality of a bank's loans and investments.

Key Asset Quality information and ratios:Ratio (%)Assessment
Nonperforming Asset Ratio (2)138.91Highly Problematic
Loss Reserve Coverage (3)19.21Substantially Below Normal
Loan Yield4.97Conservative
Asset Growth Rate-14.98Below Normal
(2) = Nonperforming Assets/Equity plus Loss Reserves
(3) = Loan Loss Reserves/Nonperforming Loans

Component star rating: 1 star
Capital highlights

Bank capitalization stands as a protection against loss for bank customers, creditors, shareholders, and the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC). Regulators place a high degree of importance upon assessments of capitalization and assign regulatory benchmarks as determinants of capital adequacy.

Key measures of Capital Adequacy:Ratio (%)Assessment
Net Worth to Total Assets7.57Significantly Below Norm
Regulatory Capital Ratio11.17Exceeded Requirement

Component star rating: 2 starstar
Liquidity highlights

Liquidity provides funding for normal bank operations and represents a reserve for unanticipated disintermediation. Liquidity can be both an asset and a liability concept.

Key measures of Liquidity:Ratio (%)Assessment
Balance Sheet Liquidity7.83Substantially Below Normal
Purchased Liabilities30.73Somewhat Greater Than Average Dependence

Early warning highlights

Early warning indicators identify areas of potential concern, which may lead to financial deterioration and thus, require inquiry or in-depth investigation. For this bank we have noted:

  • Overhead
  • Nonperforming Assets
  • Commercial Real Estate and Construction Lending
  • Capital Adequacy
  • Brokered Deposits

Institution Commentary

OVERVIEW of Institution
Organized in 1905, FIRST STATE BANK, THE is a state chartered banking institution, which, as of June 30, 2014, reported $253.0490 million in total assets. At that date, loans and deposits held by the bank amounted to $199.4350 million and $223.5040 million, respectively. The bank's June 30, 2014 equity base of $19.1550 million produced an Equity/Assets ratio of 7.57%, as of that date.

COMPOSITE SUMMARY
Bankrate believes that, as of June 30, 2014, this bank exhibited a significantly below average condition, characterized by substantially lower than normal overall, sustainable profitability, very questionable asset quality, well below standard capitalization and lower than normal liquidity.

EARNINGS ANALYSIS
For the twelve months ended June 30, 2014, the bank recorded a net loss of $-2,197.0000 thousand. The bank experienced a return on average assets (ROA) of -0.80% over the latest four quarters. Year earlier twelve month results amounted to a a net loss of $-582.0000 thousand, or a -0.19% ROA over the most recent four quarters at that time. An ROA of at least 1.0% is deemed satisfactory in accordance with banking industry standards, and the industry's annualized ROA for the twelve months of 2014 was approximately 1.03% for commercial banks and 1.13% for thrift institutions.

We have concluded that for the four quarters ending June 30, 2014, the bank achieved substantially below average return on equity , and, as noted, sustained an actual loss for that period . We deem net interest margin to have been mid-range. Noninterest income was solid. We also observed overhead ratios that were significantly higher than average, and the composition of overhead should be thoroughly analyzed. Importantly, net interest margins, noninterest income components, and overhead expense levels represent operating factors that combine to impact overall operating results.

ASSET QUALITY ANALYSIS
The bank revealed, as previously stated, very questionable asset quality. Our conclusion with respect to asset quality incorporates our analysis of data depicting regional economic conditions as well as our computations of a highly problematic June 30, 2014 nonperforming asset ratio, substantially below normal reserve coverage for nonperforming loans; and much greater than average holdings of commercial real estate and construction loans, two categories that can intensify credit risk. The bank's current level of nonperforming assets could lead to sharp write-downs and consequent substantial loss provisions. Hence, careful monitoring and additional inquiry are warranted.

Commercial real estate and construction loans should be examined for:

  • Loan underwriting and appraisal standards that differ from normal bank guidelines.
  • Loan-to-value benchmarks deemed not in conformance with prudent underwriting requirements.
  • Speculative construction activity.
  • The deferral of interest payments during construction periods.
  • The funding of the entire amount of construction costs and land valuation.


Other asset categories, such as farm and consumer loans, which may carry more than usual default potential, should not have a substantial negative impact upon future results.

Loan yield can measure financial reward versus credit risk. Excessive loan yield may be an indicator of existing or future problems. Our loan review indicates that the bank has assumed a seemingly prudent position between credit risk and financial reward.

CAPITAL ANALYSIS
For the one year period ended June 30, 2014, the bank reported a substantially below normal rate of growth in equity capital. Balance sheet structural changes, through the one year period of time ended June 30, 2014, have improved the bank's capital position. Our analytical methodology does take into account the quantity, quality, and durability of net worth, and, as set forth above, we have determined, based upon our series of tests, that the bank demonstrates well below standard capitalization. We have calculated the bank's June 30, 2014 Total Risk-Based Capital position, a computation used by industry regulators, and have concluded that this bank somewhat exceeded the requirement, set by regulation, for this test. Notwithstanding any of the information contained within this section, we believe, based upon our analysis of net worth to total assets, that the institution should consider plans for enhancing reported capitalization.

LIQUIDITY ANALYSIS
As of June 30, 2014, the bank displayed Substantially Below Normal balance sheet liquidity and a Somewhat Greater Than Average Dependence upon wholesale, or non-core liabilities, which include all borrowings, such as Federal Home Loan Bank Advances, and CD's greater than $250,000. We do note a substantial dependence upon brokered deposits, another component of wholesale liabilities.

Accounting principles require some securities to be categorized as "Available-for-Sale." Changes in market value of these securities are reflected through the GAAP (Generally Accepted Accounting Principles) net worth of the institution. Based upon the bank's present balance sheet, changes in the value of the current level of securities reported as "Available-for-Sale" are almost certain to have a substantial impact upon future net worth of the bank.

INSTITUTION SUMMARY
This bank has been rated significantly below average.

Negative factors that impacted that rating follow:

  • Earnings
  • Asset Quality
  • Capitalization
  • Liquidity

As noted previously, early warning indicators, possibly requiring specific investigation include:

  • Overhead
  • Nonperforming Assets
  • Commercial Real Estate and Construction Lending
  • Capital Adequacy
  • Brokered Deposits

PREDICTIVE INDICATOR
As stated, we have determined a composite Star rating for this bank of 1 star , indicative of a significantly below average financial condition. At times, financial conditions of banks change rapidly and significantly. Hence, our Safe & Sound Star ratings should not be deemed predictive of likely future ratings. However, in view of early warning indicators set forth within this report, in combination with the institution's financial data, we believe that the Star rating for this institution is unlikely to change within the ensuing twelve month period.

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