MADISONVILLE, Kentucky 42431


Predictive Indicator neutral
As of March 31, 2015
Federal Reserve System Identifier 2356091


(Based on data from the previous quarter.)

This bank is not owned by a holding company.


U.S. commercial banks are chartered under either federal or state jurisdiction for the purposes of accepting funds for deposit and extending loans to either individual or business borrowers. Banks are subject to credit, interest rate, and operational risk, and, because of both their public purpose and their importance to the nation’s economy, banks become the object of intense regulatory scrutiny.

U.S. thrift institutions are chartered under either federal or state jurisdiction for the primary purpose of utilizing deposited funds to issue loans secured by real estate. Currently, real estate-backed loans account for approximately 42% of total thrift industry assets, and one-to-four family residential mortgages comprise nearly 63% of the industry’s real estate loan portfolio. Thrift institutions are subject to credit, interest rate, and operational risk, and, during the last twenty years, thrifts have made great strides toward reducing historic mismatches between asset and liability maturities.

The Bankrate proprietary commercial bank rating model analyzes capitalization, asset quality, earnings, and liquidity and produces composite and component "Star" ratings that can be used as a measure of the rated entity's financial safety and soundness. Additionally, early warning components of the model highlight operating characteristics of immediate concern and recommended follow-up actions. "The analyses are not adjusted for TARP funding and those institutions receiving funds may receive ratings that would differ were the TARP funds adjusted out of the analyses. You can check whether or not this institution has received TARP funding and whether or not they have paid it back at"

Report Date March 31, 2015
Report Period 3 months
Star Composite Rating, Percentile Rank 5 /93.77
Predictive Indicator neutral
Earnings Rating, Percentile Rank 4 /75.77
Asset Quality Rating, Percentile Rank 5 /70.37
Capital Rating, Percentile Rank 5 /94.67
Liquidity Rating, Percentile Rank 3 /27.81
Institution Asset Size 197.854 million
Deposits 151.044 million
Loans 122.609 million
Equity 29.035 million
Net Profit/Loss 816 thousand


Component star rating: 4 starstarstarstar
Earnings Highlights

Bank profitability is critical to building capital, establishing adequate loss reserves, and providing dividends to shareholders.

Key Earnings information and ratios:Ratio (%)Assessment
Return on Equity12.50Very Healthy
Net Interest Margin4.28Higher Than Peer
Level of Non-interest Income (1)0.98Below Normal
Overhead (1)3.05Below Standard
(1) = As a percentage of average assets
Note: All ratios are based on the latest four quarters of income and expense

Component star rating: 5 starstarstarstarstar
Asset quality highlights

Asset quality is a major determinant of the viability of any banking institution. Poor asset quality will have a very direct impact upon the other components and bank regulators invest substantial amounts of time and resources in gauging the quality of a bank's loans and investments.

Key Asset Quality information and ratios:Ratio (%)Assessment
Nonperforming Asset Ratio (2)1.55Relatively Low
Loss Reserve Coverage (3)666.28Much Better Than Normal
Loan Yield5.13Conservative
Asset Growth Rate-1.08Below Normal
(2) = Nonperforming Assets/Equity plus Loss Reserves
(3) = Loan Loss Reserves/Nonperforming Loans

Component star rating: 5 starstarstarstarstar
Capital highlights

Bank capitalization stands as a protection against loss for bank customers, creditors, shareholders, and the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC). Regulators place a high degree of importance upon assessments of capitalization and assign regulatory benchmarks as determinants of capital adequacy.

Key measures of Capital Adequacy:Ratio (%)Assessment
Net Worth to Total Assets14.67Well Above Peer Norm
Regulatory Capital Ratio22.30Substantially Exceeded Requirement

Component star rating: 3 starstarstar
Liquidity highlights

Liquidity provides funding for normal bank operations and represents a reserve for unanticipated disintermediation. Liquidity can be both an asset and a liability concept.

Key measures of Liquidity:Ratio (%)Assessment
Balance Sheet Liquidity9.21Substantially Below Normal
Purchased Liabilities10.53No Greater Than Average Dependence

Early warning highlights

Early warning indicators identify areas of potential concern, which may lead to financial deterioration and thus, require inquiry or in-depth investigation. For this bank we have noted:

    Institution Commentary

    OVERVIEW of Institution
    Organized in 1996, FIRST UNITED BANK AND TRUST COMPANY, INC. is a state chartered banking institution, which, as of March 31, 2015, reported $197.854 million in total assets. At that date, loans and deposits held by the bank amounted to $122.609 million and $151.044 million, respectively. The bank's March 31, 2015 equity base of $29.035 million produced an Equity/Assets ratio of 14.67%, as of that date.

    Bankrate believes that, as of March 31, 2015, this bank exhibited a superior condition, characterized by normal overall, sustainable profitability, a very high measure of asset quality, very strong capitalization and near normal liquidity.

    For the twelve months ended March 31, 2015, the bank recorded net income of $3.479 million. The bank experienced a return on average assets (ROA) of 1.71% over the latest four quarters. Year earlier twelve month results amounted to a net income of $3.169 million, or a 1.57% ROA over the most recent four quarters at that time. An ROA of at least 1.0% is deemed satisfactory in accordance with banking industry standards, and the industry's annualized ROA for the twelve months of 2015 was approximately 1.01% for commercial banks and 1.12% for thrift institutions.

    We have concluded that for the four quarters ending March 31, 2015, the bank achieved a very healthy return on equity. We deem net interest margin to have been meaningfully higher than peer. Noninterest income was below normal, and management should be questioned as to the outlook for this source of revenue. We also observed overhead ratios that were below standard, a sign of good expense control. Importantly, net interest margins, noninterest income components, and overhead expense levels represent operating factors that combine to impact overall operating results.

    The bank revealed, as previously stated, a very high measure of asset quality. Our conclusion with respect to asset quality incorporates our analysis of data depicting regional economic conditions as well as our computations of a relatively low March 31, 2015 nonperforming asset ratio, much better than normal reserve coverage for nonperforming loans; and apparently acceptable quality, or no greater than average, holdings of commercial real estate and construction loans, two categories that can intensify credit risk.

    Other asset categories, such as farm and consumer loans, which may carry more than usual default potential, should not have a substantial negative impact upon future results.

    Loan yield can measure financial reward versus credit risk. Excessive loan yield may be an indicator of existing or future problems. Our loan review indicates that the bank has assumed a seemingly prudent position between credit risk and financial reward.

    For the one year period ended March 31, 2015, the bank reported a better than normal rate of growth in equity capital. Balance sheet structural changes, through the one year period of time ended March 31, 2015, have highly improved the bank's capital position. Our analytical methodology does take into account the quantity, quality, and durability of net worth, and, as set forth above, we have determined, based upon our series of tests, that the bank demonstrates very strong capitalization. We have calculated the bank's March 31, 2015 Total Risk-Based Capital position, a computation used by industry regulators, and have concluded that this bank substantially exceeded the requirement, set by regulation, for this test.

    As of March 31, 2015, the bank displayed Substantially Below Normal balance sheet liquidity and a No Greater Than Average Dependence upon wholesale, or non-core liabilities, which include all borrowings, such as Federal Home Loan Bank Advances, and CD's greater than $250,000.

    Accounting principles require some securities to be categorized as "Available-for-Sale." Changes in market value of these securities are reflected through the GAAP (Generally Accepted Accounting Principles) net worth of the institution. Based upon the bank's present balance sheet, changes in the value of the current level of securities reported as "Available-for-Sale" could have a substantial impact upon future net worth of the bank.

    This bank has been rated superior.

    Positive factors that impacted that rating follow:

    • Asset Quality
    • Capitalization

    As noted previously, early warning indicators, possibly requiring specific investigation include:

      As stated, we have determined a composite Star rating for this bank of 5 starstarstarstarstar , indicative of a superior financial condition. At times, financial conditions of banks change rapidly and significantly. Hence, our Safe & Sound Star ratings should not be deemed predictive of likely future ratings. However, in view of early warning indicators set forth within this report, in combination with the institution's financial data, we believe that the Star rating for this institution is unlikely to change within the ensuing twelve month period.

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