Bankrate's financial glossary
Did you run across an unfamiliar term when applying for a mortgage, credit card
or auto loan? Find the meaning here, along with definitions of other financial words
and phrases, in Bankrate.com's financial glossary.
Insurance coverage that compensates for physical damage to a property from natural disasters such as fire or other hazards. Depending where a piece of property is located, lenders may also require flood insurance or policies covering windstorms (hurricanes) or earthquakes.
An inspection by a building professional that evaluates the structural and mechanical condition of a property. The inspection may reveal the need for repairs that the seller may have to complete before the sale of the house will go through. The buyer may also make the house sale contingent on a satisfactory inspection.
An insurance policy that combines personal liability insurance and hazard insurance coverage for a residence and its contents.
A nonprofit association that manages the common areas of a condominium or planned unit development (PUD). Unit owners pay to the association a fee to maintain areas owned jointly. See common area assessment.
Housing expense ratio
The percentage of gross monthly income that goes toward paying a mortgage or rent on a home.
A document with an itemized listing of closing costs payable at the closing or settlement meeting when buying property. The closing costs can include a commission, loan fees and points, and sums set aside for escrow payments, taxes and insurance. It is signed by both the buyer and the seller, who may be paying some of the closing costs. The statement form is published by the Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD).
Someone with expertise in computer systems and how to enter them in an unauthorized fashion. Hackers may be simply curious or malicious in intent.
A room that contains a toilet and sink, but no tub or shower.
An item on a person's credit report that indicates that someone has asked for a copy of the individual's report. Hard inquiries are requests that result from a person applying for credit, such as a mortgage, a car loan, a credit card or a rental application. They are included in the formula for determining a person's credit score.